Why Has Teenage Pregnancy Decreased

What Are Some Facts About Teenage Pregnancy

Reasons Why Teen Birth Rates Are At An All-Time Low

11 Facts About Teen Pregnancy

  • 3 in 10 teen American girls will get pregnant at least once before age 20. …
  • Parenthood is the leading reason that teen girls drop out of school. …
  • About 25% of teen moms have a 2nd child within 24 months of their first baby.
  • Less than 2% of teen moms earn a college degree by age 30.

What Are The Main Causes Of Teenage Pregnancy

Teenage pregnancy in SA is a multifaceted problem with many contributing factors such as poverty, gender inequalities, gender-based violence, substance use, poor access to contraceptives and issues with termination of pregnancy low, inconsistent and incorrect use of contraceptives, limited number of healthcare …

Parenting As A Teenager

There were 334,000 births among teenage girls aged 19 or younger in 2011, representing 8% of all U.S. births. Births to teen mothers peaked in 1991 at 62 births per 1,000 girls. This rate was halved by 2011 when there were 31 births per 1,000 girls. About 25% of teenage mothers have a second child within 24 months of the first birth.

Teenagers are becoming better contracepters because they realize that their sexual partners may not be a reliable coparent. Marriage rates over the 1990s through the 2010s with teenagers has drastically declined because of this realization. Since contraception has become more obtainable for teenagers, they are preventing unwanted pregnancies.

For every 1,000 black boys in the United States, 29 of them are fathers, compared to 14 per 1,000 white boys. The rate of teen fatherhood declined 36% between 1991 and 2010, from 25 to 16 per 1,000 males aged 15â19. This decline was more substantial among blacks than among whites and about half of the rate among teen girls. Nearly 80% of teenage fathers do not marry the teenage mother of their child. Teenage fathers have 10-15% lower annual earnings than teenagers who do not father children.

Since the Great Recession, young people take three times longer to gain financial independence than it took for young people three decades ago. It is much harder for teenage parents to be able to support a family compared to the past due to the competitive work environment.

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How Is The Covid

May 16, 2021 | By: Jen Biundo

The COVID-19 pandemic has upended nearly every aspect of life for more than a year: the way we work, go to school, socialize, find romantic partners, and even start or grow our families.

So how is the pandemic impacting birth rates and teen birth rates in the United States? The short answer is that we dont completely know yet, but we can make some educated guesses.

At first glance, we might expect a big year for pandemic baby-making from teens and adults alike. Among adult couples, all of that social distancing could lead to more time together. Among teens, school closures could mean less adult supervision. And for both teens and adults, the pandemic could have hurt access to health care, including contraception.

But all of the evidence is pointing the other direction. For both teens and adults, it seems likely that birth rates following the pandemic will decrease maybe by a lot. Lets take a look at why.

1. Preliminary data are pointing that way

Demographers have to wait a while for data around birth rates. A pregnancy lasts 9 months, give or take, and then tack onto that another 5 months or so for the first vital statistics data to trickle in. Last week, we saw some of the first hard evidence about the direction of birth rates, with the CDCs release of preliminary 2020 birth data. 2020 births are down by 4% , the 6th straight year of decline. Teen birth rates were down by 8%.

2. Hard times often lead to fertility declines

Increased Pregnancy Risk Factors In Teenagers

Why do some teenagers in the United States get pregnant?

There are certain factors in an adolescent/teenagers life that make them more pre-disposed to getting pregnant young. Some of which include race, but also factors such as sexuality, homelessness, foster care, living in rural areas, exposure to drugs and violence can effect whether a teenager gets pregnant young.

The more risks compiled suggests that an adolescent that exhibits any of the risk listed, is at a higher risk for the other factors. This can include the use of alcohol or drugs. This is consistent with the Jessor Problem Behavior Theory.

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Taking Action To Eliminate Disparities And Address Social Determinants Of Teen Pregnancy

Eliminating disparities in teen pregnancy and birth rates would do the following:

  • Help achieve health equity.
  • Improve the life opportunities and health outcomes of young people.
  • Reduce the economic costs of teen childbearing.

Efforts that focus on social health determinants in teen pregnancy prevention efforts, particularly at the community level, play a critical role in addressing disparities observed in teen births in the United States.

In September 2020, a CDC collaborated with the National Association of Community Health Centersexternal icon to launch the Quality and Access for Reproductive Health Equity for Teens project. The project goal is to put into action quality improvement initiatives focused on best practices in adolescent sexual and reproductive health services in community health centers and carry out strategies to increase access to those services. In 2019, community health centers delivered care to disproportionately affected and under-resourced individuals and families and served 2.3 million patients aged 15 to 19 years. 7, 8

What Is The Main Problem Of Teenage Pregnancy

Although in traditional societies the majority of these pregnancies are socially desired, several studies have pointed out the enormous risks which are associated with teenage pregnancies , such as anemia, preterm labor, urinary tract infections, preeclampsia, high rate of cesarean sections, preterm birth, and …

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What Can Be Done To Reduce Teen Pregnancy And Out

Why Focus on Teen Pregnancy?

Virtually all of the growth of single-parent families in recent decades has been driven by an increase in births outside marriage. Divorce rates have leveled off or declined modestly since the early 1980s and thus have not contributed to the rising proportion of children being raised by only one parent nor to the increase in child poverty and welfare dependence associated with the rise in single-parent families.

Not all non-marital births are to teen-agers. In fact, 70 percent of all births outside marriage are to women over age 20. For this reason, some argue that a focus on teens fails to address the real problem and that much more attention needs to be given to preventing childbearing, or raising marriage rates, among single women who have already entered their adult years.

But there are at least four reasons to focus on teens:

First, although a large proportion of non-marital births is to adult women, half of first non-marital births are to teens. Thus, the pattern tends to start in the teenage years, and, once teens have had a first child outside marriage, many go on to have additional children out of wedlock at an older age. A number of programs aimed at preventing subsequent births to teen mothers have been launched but few have had much success. So, if we want to prevent out-of-wedlock childbearing and the growth of single-parent families, the teenage years are a good place to start

Teenage Boys Are Having Less Sex

| TEENAGE PREGNANCY CRISIS | COVID-19 worsens teenage pregnancy crisis in Kilifi County

The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey shows, over the past three decades, a general decline in the share of male teenagers having sex . There have also been increases in male high school students using condoms since the 1990s. This could be a product of concern over HIV/AIDS infection, which may have had the side effect of preventing teenage pregnancies.

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Can A 12 Year Old Get Pregnant

A woman can get pregnant and have a baby as soon as she begins ovulating, or producing eggs. This typically occurs about a year after they first begin menstruating, which for North American women, usually happens between the ages of 11 and 12. Some women start ovulating late, though, and others, extremely early.

Teen Pregnancy Rates Decrease Because Of More Contraception

News flash: Contraception works.

The teen pregnancy rate in the United States declined 25 percent from 2007 to 2011. The decline can be seen in all states and among all racial and ethnic groups, although some groups experienced greater declines than others.

According to a new study, Understanding the Decline in Adolescent Fertility in the United States, 20072012, adolescent pregnancy rates declined even as sexual activity by adolescents remained steady:

There was no significant change in adolescent sexual activity during this time period, says lead author Dr. Lindberg. Rather, our new data suggest that recent declines in teens risk of pregnancy and in their pregnancy rates are driven by increased contraceptive use.

This is great news. Teens are not only using contraception more regularly, but they are using more effective methods of contraception as well. The report found that there were significant increases in the use of any method of contraception, multiple methods of contraception, and highly effective methods of contraception.

The increase in contraceptive has led not only to decreasing teen pregnancy rates but also to decreasing abortion and birth rates. Teen pregnancy rates, abortion rates, and birth rates in the United States have all reached their lowest levels in four decades.

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Preventing Teenage Pregnancy: A Priority For The Well

Lucia is a young woman with long hair and pink sneakers. Unlike her classmates, she had to miss classes to go to a medical check-up. At 16, she is pregnant. Lucía’s doctor says that she will have to perform a cesarean section, given her size, as she would not withstand a natural birth. Like many in her situation, Lucía will end up dropping out of school.

According to the 2020 Population and Housing Census, more than 535 thousand young women between the ages of 15 and 19 in Mexico were mothers. Teenage pregnancy is the third main reason why young women drop out of school . Fewer years of education eventually reduce the income of these women in the long term.

It is true that there has been progress in this regard in Mexico: the 2020 Population and Housing Census shows a drop in the adolescent fertility rate when compared to the results of the 2015 Intercensal Survey and also a change in the upward trend observed among 2010 and 2015. Between 2010 and 2015 the adolescent fertility rate increased from 56.9 to 62.5 births per 1,000 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old, but from 2015 to 2020 there was a decrease to 43 births per 1,000 adolescents, a substantial drop in just 5 years.

However, the adolescent fertility rate remains high as there were more than half a million mothers between the ages of 15 and 19 in 2020. In fact, Mexico has one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates among the countries that make up the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development .

Drivers Of Health Inequities

Can we stop lying about everything?
  • Social determinants of health in communities and families may contribute to high teen birth rates. Examples of these factors include the following:
  • Low education and low-income levels of a teens family.4
  • Few opportunities in a teens community for positive youth involvement.4
  • Neighborhood racial segregation.4
  • Neighborhood physical disorder .4
  • Neighborhood-level income inequality.4
  • Access to quality reproductive health services, including contraception and sexually transmitted infection services, plays an important role in supporting the health and well-being of adolescents and promoting health equity. Yet some teens face barriers in accessing these services.
    • In an analysis of 20062010 data on US teens aged 15 to 19 years, one-quarter of sexually experienced females and one-third of sexually experienced males reported that they had not received a reproductive health service in the past year and receipt was lower among teens without insurance.5
    • Accessing services can be more challenging for young people with lower income, those in foster care or group homes, or those that are justice-involved.6

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    What Is Behind The Declines In Teen Pregnancy Rates

    First published online: September 3, 2014

    The progress the nation has made over the last few decades in reducing teen pregnancy has been extraordinary. After years of increases in the 1970s and 1980s, the teen pregnancy rate peaked in 1990 and has declined steadily since.1 Today, teen pregnancy, birth and abortion rates have reached historic lows. What is more, teen pregnancy rates have fallen in all 50 states and among all racial and ethnic groups.

    Basically, teen pregnancy rates can decrease in one of two waysif teens have less sex or become more effective contraceptive usersor through some combination of the two. The evidence clearly indicates that more and better contraceptive use has been the main factor driving the long-term decline in teen pregnancy. The evidence, however, is much murkier when it comes to deciphering the social, cultural and economic factors affecting teens sexual behaviors and contraceptive use patterns. Deconstructing why teen pregnancy rates have fallen over the last several decades nonetheless matters, so that future programs, policies and practices can be shaped to help advancerather than hinderthese positive trends.

    Medicaid Provides More Funding For Family Planning


    Since the 1990s, 26 states have received additional federal funding to cover family planning services for low-income women not otherwise eligible for Medicaid. These services are usually available to women 18 and over.

    Economists Melissa Kearney and Phillip Levine looked at how those changes effected birth rates, and found that, between 1990 and 2002, the expansion of Medicaid family planning services was responsible for a 7 percent decline in births to 18 and 19 year-olds.

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    Figure : London’s Conception Rate Has Decreased The Most Over The Decade

    Conceptions per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44 years by area of usual residence, English regions and Wales, 2009 to 2020

    This trend of London seeing the largest decreases is also mirrored in the under-18 conception statistics. London now has the lowest conception rate at 9.8 conceptions per 1,000 women aged under 18 years, a 27% drop from 2019 .

    Across all English regions, the North East had the lowest overall conception rate for women of all ages , it also had the highest conception rate for women aged under 18 years. The North East has consistently had the highest under-18 conception rate of all the English regions since 2003.

    The legal termination of a pregnancy under the 1967 Abortion Act.

    Sexual Behaviours Among Adolescents

    Teen pregnancy rates reach new low, but rate for Hispanics still high

    There has been a decrease in sexual intercourse between the adolescents surveyed in 2002, 2008, and those surveyed in 2011 and overall 38.8 %, reported to have ever had sex in the combined sample.

    Table shows descriptive characteristics of boys and girls, by year and for the combined sample. There are notable differences on ever had sex between boys and girls throughout the survey years. About 51 % of boys in 2002 reported to ever had sex compared to 34.0 % of girls in the same survey year. Sex among boys and girls in the study continued to decrease from 2002 50.9 %, , 2008 45.1 %, , to 2011 45.2 %, for boys and 34.0 %, 30.1 %, 29.8 %, for girls in 2002, 2008, and 2011, respectively. In the combined sample similar proportions of both boys , and girls reported to ever making someone pregnant for boys or ever having been pregnant in the case of girls. Overall, 11.0 % of the adolescents reported to ever made someone pregnant or ever been pregnant in this study.

    Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the total samplea by year

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    How Does Teenage Pregnancy Affect The Population

    According to the United Nations Population Fund , “Pregnancies among girls less than 18 years of age have irreparable consequences. … Teenage pregnancy also affects girls’ education and income potential as many are forced to drop out of school which ultimately threatens future opportunities and economic prospects.

    Abortion Rates Are Falling Too

    Although the state has among the nations most liberal abortion policies, that doesnt seem to be whats driving the drop in adolescent births. The latest numbers from the Guttmacher Institute, a reproductive rights nonprofit, indicate a California abortion rate of just over 16 abortions per every 1,000 women of reproductive age. . The states overall abortion rate is somewhat higher than the national rate of nearly 14 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44 but since 2014, the state abortion rate has declined twice as much as the 8% decline nationwide.

    Nationwide, the percentage of females ages 15 to 19 receiving an abortion has dropped significantly in the past decade.

    Theres a long history of California being the beacon state in terms of a strong commitment to family planning and the rights of adolescents to get confidential, nonjudgmental health care around reproductive health, said Claire Brindis, founding director of UC San Franciscos Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health.

    One example is the states Family Planning, Access, Care, and Treatment program, which gives more than a million low-income Californians free contraceptives and counseling to better understand their family-planning options. The program is available through 2,200 private and public providers, including CSU and UC campus health centers and local community clinics.

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    How Easy Is It For A Teenage Girl To Get Pregnant

    Nicole Noyes explains, when we first learn about pregnancy in our teens, it is easier to get pregnant than it will be for the remainder of our lives. âThe odds of conceiving in a given year are about 75% at age 30âbut if you’re a teenager, it’s 90%,â she says. âWomen are most fertile from ages 13 to 30.

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