Study Design And Area
The qualitative cross-sectional study was undertaken in six communities in Ebonyi State, which is located in south-east Nigeria. The state has an estimated population of 6,268,003 inhabitants, with over 40% under the age of 15 years . The NDHS report shows that maternal mortality rate among girls aged 1519 is 30.5% and 9.6% of girls in this age group have already begun child bearing . From each senatorial zone in Ebonyi state, we purposively selected 2 LGAs that were listed as having the highest rates of unwanted teenage pregnancies and abortions in the State.
Is There Ever A Time When You Dont Need A Condom Or Other Form Of Contraception
You or your partner are more likely to fall pregnant if you have sex during certain stages of the menstrual cycle.
However, to be on the safe side, you still should use a condom every time you have penis-in-vagina sex.
A person who has a vulva can become pregnant only during ovulation, which is when their ovary releases an egg. The egg can be fertilized 24 to 48 hours after ovulation occurs.
Ovulation generally happens about halfway through the menstrual cycle. A person who has a 28-day menstrual cycle, for example, will probably ovulate about 14 days after their period starts.
Sperm remains viable in the body for up to 5 days . This means that if you have PIV sex 5 days before the person with a vulva ovulates, pregnancy is still possible.
However, ovulation might be early or late. And if the ovulating partner has an irregular menstrual cycle, itll be difficult to accurately predict the day of ovulation.
So, to be on the safe side, you and your partner should always use a condom during PIV sex even during mensuration.
As mentioned, using a condom correctly decreases your risk of pregnancy. Heres what you need to know about using condoms correctly.
Strategies And Approaches For Prevention
Efforts are currently under way to explore strategies to reduce teen childbearing and its associated challenges for parents, children, and society. Research suggests that implementing evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention programs, expanding access to Medicaid family planning services and Title X clinics, and utilizing mass media campaigns to promote safer sex may reduce teen pregnancy and improve outcomes for youth who may be more likely to have a teen birth.1
Additionally, the Affordable Care Act, passed in 2010, aims to improve access to recommended healthcare services for the entire population, including adolescents. The law expands health insurance coverage for adolescents, and offers new support for preventive services, innovative models of care, and clinical training, all of which have implications for teen pregnancy in the United States.1,2
The sections below provide specific strategies and approaches to preventing unintended pregnancy for adolescents, parents, healthcare providers, and communities.
How Can I Make Condoms More Effective
The best way to make condoms work as well as possible is to use them correctly every single time you have vaginal, oral, and anal sex. That means wearing it the whole time, from start to finish. Make sure the condom is rolled on your penis the right way before theres any skin-to-skin genital contact. Read more about how to use condoms correctly.
Using condoms + another form of birth control is a great way to get extra pregnancy prevention AND protection against STDs. Using withdrawal while also wearing a condom can help keep sperm out of the vagina and lower the risk for pregnancy.
You shouldnt use a condom worn on the penis together with a internal condom. Condoms are designed to be used on their own, and doubling up wont necessarily give you extra protection. One condom used correctly is all the protection you need. Also make sure your condoms aren’t expired check the date on the wrapper or box.
Is It Better If You Both Use A Condom
Can you use an internal and an external condom at the same time? No.
Using two condoms at the same time is actually riskier, because the friction could cause one or both of them to break. This applies to two internal condoms, two external condoms, or one of each.
Instead, use one condom, and look into getting another form of contraception if you want to be extra safe.
You May Like: Vagisil Cream Pregnancy
Its Time To Write My Paper What Should I Do
I am ready to pay to write a paper for me! Where do I start? Our team hears these words every day. We really believe that every student should be happy. Thats why we offer you to look at the simple steps to make the process even more convenient.
- Fill in the comprehensible order form located on the main page of our website. If you need some help with it, feel free to contact our support team.
- Provide the necessary details such as the topic, subject or discipline, paper format, your academic level, etc.
- Select the deadline, and we will strictly follow it.
- Pay the total price. Submit a preferred payment method. The full sum will be deposited into your account on our website. The money will be transferred to your writer in case you approve the paper.
- If you have some additional materials provided by your professor or may simply assist in writing your paper, please attach them too. They will help the assigned writer to meet your professors expectations.
Every paper we can write for you is expertly researched, well-structured, and consistent. Take a look at some types of papers we can help you with:
- Business plans, etc.
Moreover, our pricing policy is flexible and allows you to select the options that totally suit your needs at affordable prices. You will be pleased with the results and the amount of money spent on your order. Our managers and writers will do the rest according to the highest standards.
Making A Difference Program Curriculum Overview
The Making a Difference Curriculum is an evidence-based, abstinence approach to teen pregnancy and HIV/STD prevention. The curriculum provides young adolescents with the knowledge, confidence, and skills necessary to reduce their risk of sexually transmitted diseases, HIV and pregnancy by abstaining from sex.
The goals of the Making a Difference! program are to:
- Help young people change behaviors that place them at risk for HIV, STDs, and pregnancy.
- Delay the initiation of sex among sexually inexperienced youth.
- Reduce unprotected sex among sexually active youth.
- Help young people make proud and responsible decisions about their sexual behaviors.
To reduce STD/HIV and pregnancy risk-related behaviors, young adolescents not only need knowledge and perception of personal vulnerability, but also positive attitudes and beliefs regarding abstinence, abstinence negotiation skills, and confidence in their ability to abstain from sex. The Making a Difference! curriculum is designed to meet those needs.
The programs goal is to empower young adolescents to change their behavior in ways that will reduce their risk of pregnancy and HIV or other STD infection. Specifically, this curriculum emphasizes that young adolescents should postpone sexual activity and that practicing abstinence is the only way to eliminate the risk for pregnancy and STDs, including HIV.
You May Like: Can You Get Lasik While Pregnant
Beliefs About Reusability Of Condoms
Misconceptions about reusability of condoms were found to prevail among male adolescents compared to females. Some adolescent boys had the notion that particular brands of male condoms could be washed and reused for up to two or three times before disposal.
The use of condom can prevent pregnancy and diseases. It can be washed and used two times .
We have soft condom that will not harm you and the person you’re having sex with. That is the one you can use two or three times after using it you wash it .
Access To Condoms Does Not Prevent Teen Pregnancy And A Whole New Attitude Towards Young Role Models Will Have More Of An Impact
Access to condoms might help prevent a few instances of teen pregnancy, but for better impact, I believe the role of young women on television should be considered. Young women see singers and actresses dressed like “ladies of the night”, dancing half naked, using very suggestive moves. That example is followed by younger girls in their hometown, at parties, in the malls, without them fully understanding that what they see on TV is just an act. Teens need to understand the dignity and sanctity of their own body, and in doing so, they will think twice before going to bed and finding themselves pregnant.
Also Check: Accidentally Donated Plasma While Pregnant
Our Writers Can Help You With Any Type Of Essay For Any Subject
How it works
Based on the study findings, the researchers concluded that the school-based programs had a direct association with sexual behavior of the teens as well as the acquisition and exploitation of condoms. It thereby meant availing condoms in schools, increased the likelihood of an individual to pick and use a condom. Moreover, availing the protection did not increase sexual activity. In fact, at some point sexual activity declined . Notably, providing the contraceptive in learning institutions promotes safe sex and fosters positive sexual behavior.
The goal of the article was to assess the effect of availing condoms in learning institutions had on teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases . In the study, Kirby went on to examine the perspectives of different entities, including the American Medical Association Council and Tom Coburn the United States Representative. Based on Coburns views, distribution of contraceptives in schools only escalates the use of protection, but it does not reduce the rates of STDs and unwanted pregnancy . Whereas, the AMA about of the perception that providing condoms in learning organizations reduced instances of unprotected sex. However, it also claimed there was insufficient evidence pointing out that school-based initiatives boosted utility of condoms.
Committee on Adolescence. Condom use by Adolescents. Pediatrics, vol. 107, no. 6, 2001, 1463-1469. https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/107/6/1463
We Just Don’t Want Jenny Pregnant Teenage Issues Of Sex Relationships And Psychology
I am very pro choice AND pro sex ed but I do not believe that handling out free condoms would guarantee usage. Sex is more than just the act…There are way too many other issues that we as a society have to deal with like teenagers making unprotected sex sound romantic, that it’s ok to go with the “spur of the moment”, that having a baby solves issues, proves you love the person, etc. Why are we still having high teenage pregnancy in the 21st century? Because neither side of the argument deal with the psychological issues surrounding sex we just don’t want Jenny pregnant. We don’t correlate sex with self-esteem or peer pressure and we need to otherwise we will continue to have these problems. We need to invest in classes that not only deal with condoms, but why people have sex in the first place. Our schools need real counselors or access to counselors where girls and boys can discuss their sexual issues without judgement or cost. Teenagers will have sex, but without the psychological support they need in general, Jenny will still get pregnant.I do not blame liberals or conservatives.
Also Check: Is It Bad To Donate Plasma While Pregnant
Condom Handouts In Schools Prevent Disease Without Encouraging Sex
UN study finds misgivings over impact of condom distribution in secondary schools are misplaced
Making condoms available to teenagers at school does not make them more promiscuous â but neither does it reduce teenage pregnancy rates.
According to a major review by the UN Population Fund , giving out condoms in secondary schools does not increase sexual activity, or encourage young people to have sex at an earlier age.
The research, thought to be the largest review of scientific literature on the issue, found that introducing condoms to schools reduced sexually transmitted infections .
The review recommended further investigation into the impact of school condom schemes on HIV and teenage pregnancies. Many of the studies were conducted in wealthy countries where such rates were already low, or where teenagers had access to other forms of birth control, researchers said.
The researchers concluded that once condom programmes are in place in schools, students use them â and that this improves sexual health. If such schemes were introduced in countries where students face a higher risk of HIV and early pregnancy, the benefits were likely to be even greater, said Bidia Deperthes, senior HIV prevention adviser for the UNFPA.
The number of adolescents living with HIV rose by a third between 2005 and 2016. Aids is the leading cause of death among young people aged 10-24 in Africa, and the second leading cause globally.
Why Would I Ask You To Write Paper For Me
Despite the obvious and even natural resistance to the idea of paper writing in principle that may occur with any student, you may also ask yourself, Why would I need you to help me write my paper? The answer to this question lies in the spectrum of your routine actions. It is not surprising that our studying is just part of our lives, and we all have many other things to handle every day.
When you write your essay or another academic paper, you just do one of the numerous things you face daily or weekly. This part of your life consumes lots of energy and time, but how to get around to other things like having fun, working, doing sports, helping relatives, spending time with friends?
People are social creatures, and its typical of us to do many things together or hire professionals who definitely know what to do and how to do them. Thats why we ask doctors, electricians, or plumbers to help us. They are specialists. Who writes essays for you better than you do? Right, people who practice their professions every day. We are experts in academic writing aimed at satisfying all your needs related to education.
If you write my papers for me, what other benefits can I gain? We have many things to offer and take pride in improving our services every day to make them more convenient for you.
Also Check: Is It Safe To Donate Plasma While Breastfeeding
Did Teens Engage In Riskier Behavior Decide Not To Use Birth Control Pills
There are a handful of theories that can explain why teen birth rates were higher in places with school condom problems. And while this paper doesn’t explore which theory is right, theyre interesting to run through while considering the public health lessons of this paper.
One theory is that condoms encouraged teenagers to engage in riskier behavior than they would have otherwise with the condoms available, they could possibly decide to have sex in situations where they otherwise wouldnt. This was a worry raised by social conservatives as condom distribution programs became more common.
One study of the Los Angeles School District found this wasnt the case it surveyed nearly 2,000 high school students before and after a condom distribution program and found no changes in their sexual behavior.
Another possible explanation is that teens didnt look for better contraceptives. A teenage girl who may have asked her doctor about birth control pills, for example, could decide not to when she knew condoms were available at school.
Buckles and Hungerman also discuss one last theory: that when schools implemented their condom programs, they put less effort toward otherteen pregnancy prevention programs. School officials might have felt like they had taken steps to address the problem and could turn their efforts elsewhere.
How Do You Deal With Teenage Pregnancy
Heres advice on how to help your pregnant teen: Keep your anger in check. Its natural for you to feel angry and disappointed. Support them. Offer your daughter emotional, physical and financial support. Consider all the options. Remind your daughter she has options. Help them stay in school. Get some help.
Also Check: Can I Get Lasik While Pregnant
Beliefs And Misconceptions About Condom Use
Many adolescents appeared to know that, consistent use of condom during sexual intercourse protects, although not a hundred percent full proof, from unwanted pregnancy and STIs. However, there were some misconceptions about reusability of condom and effect of condom use on sexual pleasure during intercourse.
Does Access To Condoms Prevent Teen Pregnancy
Does Access To condoms Prevent Teen Pregnancy? By: Kristin Boyd Its a late Saturday afternoon. After finishing a successful date with your significant other, youre feeling a bit more frisky than usual. Youre interested, but knowing you want the full package, that package must be wrapped. You travel to the nearest convenience store, your local gas station. You acknowledge that this is where you receive the wrapping paper for your rather pleasant surprise. Step by step, you make your way into the store.
Obviously embarrassed, your face begins to blush and your eyes widen. Your mouth stiffens and you begin to second-guess your purchase. Your heart throbs every moment you step closer to the counter. After moments of discouraging yourself to by the wrapping paper, you leave, without a second thought. Although you left the shiny rubber wrapping, your date still remains present. You begin to forget as if all previous events had happened, losing yourself. After getting caught up in the moment, you receive your present, but have failed to wrap it.
We Will Write a Custom Essay SpecificallyFor You For Only $13.90/page!
Recommended Reading: Is It Safe To Donate Plasma While Pregnant
Condoms Do Prevent Pregnancies
Sex isn’t for fun. Sex is for making babies as we all know i hope. If you feel that financially and physically that you can have a baby talk to your parents, they’ll prove you wrong. If you don’t want kids at the moment at least use a condom or plan b because pregnancy while you’re young is getting out of control for teenage girls. Don’t knock a girl up and leave. Teenage girls should be able to choose between keeping the baby or adoption. Abortion is not a good option while you’re young because one day you’ll want a baby and it’ll be hard for you to get pregnant again because of you having an abortion. Use abstinence please . Learn that safe sex and not having sex at all is okay. For example , take a beautiful rose in your hand , now crumble it up….Now try to put that rose back to the beautiful rose that it was…You cant its gone…Just like your virginity if you all don’t practice abstinence