The Connection Of Hormones With Climacteric Changes: Getting Pregnant
In our body, some reactions depend on others, it can be said that the endocrine system controls all other processes, including conception. Under the influence of estrogen and progesterone, the eggs mature, the uterus prepares to attach the fetal egg, and the mammary glands undergo changes to successfully feed the baby. Gradually, the ovaries begin to respond to the action of hormones worse, which does not allow the eggs to mature fully and regularly. For a woman, the first manifestation of menopause is the absence or irregular menstruation. But, being in menopause and pregnant naturally is possible.
In addition, estrogens are a kind of protection of blood vessels against atherosclerosis, which means that menopause affects the general well-being of a woman because the nutrition of all organs and tissues depends on arteries and veins, their poor state in itself reduces the likelihood of a favorable pregnancy outcome. So, can you get pregnant after menopause yes, but the likelihood is low.
Menopause in women is a physiological process in the body associated with the onset of a period of extinction of sexual function caused by age-related changes. The age of menopause, the nature, and symptoms of its course are individual for each woman, usually, these indicators are due to genetic heredity.
You Cant Get Pregnant After Menopause
Once youve had a full year without your period the reproductive stage of life is overand so begins a whole new era of life free from periods and fear of pregnancy. If you still want to start a family, there are other options available like adoption. There are still plenty of children out there in need of love and attention, just waiting for someone like you to say hello.
Were lucky to live in an era in which waiting to have children is not only an option but happening with increasing frequency. As long as youre aware of the risks, you can forge ahead down this new path freely empowered by the knowledge that some things may be more complicated, but at the end of this road you can still have the family youve always wanted.
There Are Some Steps You Can Take To Ease The Pregnancy Journey Before Perimenopause
If you or someone you know is interested in trying to get pregnant later in life but before reaching perimenopause, there are some general guidelines that could help ease the transition.
- Make an appointment before you conceive. Meet with your health care practitioner to discuss your overall health. They might have some suggestions for lifestyle changes that could have a positive effect on improving your chances of a healthy pregnancy.1
- Explore prenatal testing options.There are DNA screenings available to see if your developing baby is at risk. Talk to your doctor about these options.
- Avoid alcohol and tobacco. These substances are definitely off-limits during pregnancy, but given their stress on the body in general, it cant hurt to limit your exposure to them while trying to get pregnant as well.
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Contraception Still Matters During Perimenopause
Because you can still get pregnant during perimenopause, its important to continue using contraception if you dont want to get pregnant. There are hormone changes happening during perimenopause that can result in multiple eggs being released at the same time.1 This can not only make it more likely to get pregnant but to have twins as well! 1 Even if you have a tried and true contraceptive method, perimenopause is a good time to check-in with your doctor. Some contraceptive methods can exacerbate symptoms, while others may help alleviate them. Either way, its worth re-evaluating your options during this new stage of life.
How Do You Know If You Are Still Fertile
It is difficult to know about your fertility as the menstrual cycle turns irregular during perimenopause. You may or may not ovulate, and also the levels of estrogen, progesterone, and other hormones fluctuate while the egg quality could deteriorate. All these factors cause a decrease in fertility, but we cannot exactly predict the probability of natural conception.
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With All That Said You Can Still Have A Great Sex Life In Menopause
Pizarro and Brown-James both agree on this point. In fact, Dr. Pizarro says meno post-menopausal people have very active sex lives even without taking estrogen. Whats more, sexual satisfaction might increase once someones been through menopause.
There are a few reasons that might happen. The worry of being pregnant is no longer there, says Brown-James. Also, some people experience an increase in their sexual awareness of their bodies. Many women have not been taught to explore their bodies and have internalized ideas that the vulva or vagina are dirty or for someone elses pleasure, not theirs, she explains. A lot of times, if the knowledge that none of that is true hasnt taken root before, it gets dispelled at this point, and women realize their bodies are really for themselves. Bonus: That may also lead to more intense orgasms, says Brown-James.
Should I Freeze My Eggs
Aside from lifestyle interventions, its important to consider fertility preservation sooner rather than later if you think you may be deferred in being able to start a family, whether its through lack of a suitable partner or due to career progression. Sometimes the desire to have a child is aroused later on in women and sometimes it occurs because of a new relationship, but where possible, preservation via egg or embryo freezing up to the age of 40 is something that will give the best chance of success later on.
What has recently been hailed as a new menopause cure involves the surgical extraction of ovarian tissue, currently being done for women with severe conditions that would tip them into an early menopause, such as cancer.
The tissue is frozen and then re-implanted into the woman, allowing a woman the chance to have biological children later in life and avoid the debilitating symptoms of the menopause for what could be another decade or two. However, though healthy children have been born around the world this way, it isnt clear whether this is something that should become a fertility preserving measure in women who are not at risk of an early menopause.
The key is to consider your fertility from earlier in life and to discuss it with your doctor, to help you make the best decisions.
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When Should I Call My Doctor
If any of your postmenopause symptoms bother you or prevent you from living your daily life, contact your healthcare provider to discuss possible treatment. They can confirm you have completed menopause and are in postmenopause.
Some questions you might ask are:
- Are these symptoms normal for people in postmenopause?
- Is there treatment for my symptoms?
- Is hormone therapy still an option?
- What can I do to feel better?
If you experience any vaginal bleeding during postmenopause, contact your healthcare provider to rule out a serious medical condition.
Theres Nothing Wrong With Needing Help In The Lubrication Department
Whether you decide to opt for extra hormones or not, using vaginal moisturizers like Replens and regular ol lube can help ease vaginal discomfort. In fact, Tami Rowen, M.D. an obstetrician and gynecologist specializing in sexual health at the University of California San Francisco, highly recommends using a lubricant to help make sex more enjoyable if you experience vaginal dryness. If youre new to lube, its important to know that there are several types: silicone-based, oil-based, water-based, and hybrids. Generally, water-based lubes that dont contain glycerin are a good choice because theyre suitable for people with sensitive skin. Further, Dr. Rowen suggests buying a lube that mimics the natural pH of your vagina. Changes to its natural state can cause an overgrowth of bacteria and lead to infections like bacterial vaginosis, according to the Cleveland Clinic. . Before heading to the store, you can do research online to find a product that fits within this scale. Dr. Rowen recommends lubes like Almost Naked by Good Clean Love . This one falls between 4.2 â 4.7 on the pH scale, according to the manufacturers website.
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Can Menopause Be Reversed
The short answer is no, but researchers are working on it.
One avenue of study is treatment using a womans own platelet-rich plasma . PRP contains growth factors, hormones, and cytokines.
Early efforts to restore activity in the ovaries of perimenopausal women indicate that ovarian activity restoration is possible, but only temporarily. Research is still in the early stages. Clinical trials are underway.
In a small study of postmenopausal women, 11 of 27 who were treated with PRP regained a menstrual cycle within three months. Researchers were able to retrieve mature eggs from two women. IVF was successful in one woman.
Much additional research on larger groups of women is needed.
Is It Pregnancy Or Menopause How Do You Know The Difference
The absence of menses for a couple of months is quite normal in the peri-menopausal phase. However, this can often be confused with a late or induced pregnancy. One of the earliest things to be done is to get a urine pregnancy test performed in the absence of menses to rule out a pregnancy. Also, normal and physiological signs and symptoms of pregnancy like swollen extremities, nausea and emesis, increase in the abdominal girth, striae over the abdomen, which would be absent in the case of menopause, thus helping differentiate a pregnancy from menopause.
Although it is certainly possible for a woman to get pregnant in the peri-menopausal period, it is highly unlikely to conceive once menopause has been achieved, and menses have ceased permanently. It should be noted that peri-menopausal pregnancy is associated with pregnancy-related risks and potential complications owing to the advanced age and its physiological changes in the female body. It is advisable to have a planned and completed family well before the peri-menopausal period in order to ensure a safe and complication-free pregnancy and labour for women.
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Features Of Being Pregnant After Menopause
Pregnancy is a huge stress for the female organism since there is a restructuring in the work of the kidneys, liver, hormonal background is disturbed, and all this against the background of the ongoing restructuring factors in the body. The risk of developing diabetes in pregnant women, high blood pressure increases. In addition, by the age of 40-45, many women have a whole range of chronic diseases, and being in menopause and pregnant can trigger their aggravation.
If a woman decides that she will keep the child, then, first of all, she should begin to carefully monitor her health. Be sure to consume a large number of vegetables and fruits, it is possible to take multivitamins and menopause supplements to become pregnant. An indispensable condition for well-being is physical activity, for example, daily walks in the fresh air. You should also regulate the diet eat egg yolks, cottage cheese, etc.
The process of carrying and caring for the baby can smooth out the rapid course of menopause. It is believed that late birth can prolong youth, but this is not entirely true. Of course, hormonal changes during pregnancy and breastfeeding have a positive effect on the body, but then health can deteriorate sharply, shortage of vitamins and minerals, the supply of which is already small, will affect your teeth and bones will become brittle. Being in menopause and pregnant can be a hard experience: renal function may be impaired, and pelvic organ prolapse may occur.
In Vitro Fertilization After Menopause
IVF after menopause has been successfully demonstrated.
Postmenopausal eggs are no longer viable, but there are still two ways you can take advantage of IVF. You can use eggs you had frozen earlier in life, or you can use fresh or frozen donor eggs.
You will also need hormone therapy to prepare your body for implantation and to carry a baby to term.
When compared with premenopausal women, postmenopausal women are more likely to experience both minor and major complications of pregnancy after IVF.
Depending on your overall state of health, IVF after menopause may not be an option for you. Its worth consulting with a fertility expert who has worked with postmenopausal women.
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Do You Still Need Contraception During Perimenopause And Menopause
Although you are less likely to get pregnant during the perimenopausal and menopausal stages, it is advisable to use contraceptives. There is a possibility to ovulate, even if the periods are irregular. Contraceptives, such as condoms, not only prevent unplanned pregnancy but also help you avoid sexually transmitted infections .
Perimenopause And Your Fertility: The Facts
Then, there is the additional risk of being pregnant at an older age to take into account. Being older may mean that youve accrued medical conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, fibroids or cervical disease, that could render any pregnancy more complicated. Risks such as pre eclampsia, preterm labour, placental problems and growth restriction of the baby can all be more common.
However, looking after yourself and ensuring that your body is as capable as possible of supporting a healthy pregnancy, as well as producing the best possible quality of eggs, is really important, as both can improve the chance of conception, and lead to a healthier baby. There is no doubt that using donor eggs at this stage leads to the best chance of success of up to around 40%. However, for many women, this is not an easy decision and can be complicated if she already has biological children of her own.
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Difference Between Menopause And Perimenopause
The primary distinguishing factor between menopause and perimenopause is menstruation. Women in perimenopause are capable of producing oestrogen and are having periods regularly while women in menopause havent had a period for 12 months at least. Perimenopause is a time period the body needs to prepare for menopause than a physical condition itself while menopause is a medical diagnosis where menses are absent for a minimum of 12 months.
Perimenopause is defined at a transition time when your body produces less of oestrogen and progesterone. Your periods become irregular in terms of frequency and length while your hormone levels will fluctuate, leading to hot flashes and sweating at night. During menopause, however, LH and FSH levels are high and ovulation stops. A common question asked by women is how long does it take for menopause to end. The answer is obvious- Never. This is when postmenopause starts.
Can You Get Pregnant During The Menopause
Yes, you can get pregnant while going through the menopause. This might happen in the years leading up to your periods stopping, or even after your periods have stopped completely.
During the menopause your oestrogen levels fall and your ovaries wind down egg production. Your periods are likely to become erratic in the years leading up to the menopause years they might also become heavier or lighter. This makes conception far less likely, but not impossible.
In short, if youre going through the menopause, dont assume youre protected from pregnancy, even if your periods are irregular or youve missed several in a row.
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How Do I Manage Symptoms Of Postmenopause On My Own
Certain lifestyle or at-home changes can help you manage symptoms of postmenopause. Some of these include:
- Using a water-based vaginal lubricant during sex to make it more pleasurable. Lubricating the vagina helps with dryness and pain.
- Regular exercise, meditation and other relaxing activities can help with depression and other side effects of postmenopause.
- Eating a diet rich in phytoestrogens such as whole-grain cereals, flaxseed, chickpeas and legumes. Reducing caffeine and alcohol intake has also been shown to help.
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As you head toward the big change, keep in mind that diaper changes arent quite out of the picture just yet. You can still get pregnant during perimenopause defined as the years leading up to your final period.
This menopausal transition brings unpredictable ovulation cycles as estrogen and progesterone hormone levels go up and down. During these years of yo-yoing hormone levels, your ovaries continue to release eggs for fertilization. Translation: You can still become pregnant.
Premier Health Ob/Gyn physician J. Scott Bembry, MD, says hes seen a handful of patients in his own practice whove become unintentionally pregnant in their late 40s.
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Are You Pregnant Or Perimenopausal
Healthcare providers may perform blood tests to determine if a woman who has skipped one or more periods is either pregnant or approaching menopause. These tests measure the levels of certain hormones, some of which signal pregnancy and others that can provide clues about a woman’s ovarian function or decline.
FSH, or follicle-stimulating hormone, is produced in the brain and increases as the number of eggs produced by a woman’s ovaries decreases. A consistently elevated FSH level along with the ending of menstrual cycles for 12 months supports a diagnosis of menopause.
That being said, FSH levels fluctuate during perimenopauseso it is difficult to interpret a single number. This is why an FSH blood or urine level cannot accurately diagnosis perimenopause or menopause. It is simply another piece of the pie. A women’s symptoms and menstrual history are also needed to put the whole picture together.