When Might I Experience Pregnancy Symptoms
Whilst perhaps the most noticeable sign of pregnancy is missing a period, there are many other symptoms that may be evident during the early weeks. “Most women will experience some form of pregnancy symptoms and for many these will show up at about 6 weeks of pregnancy . However, some women report recognising symptoms as early as week 3 of pregnancy ,” according to midwife Liz Halliday from Private Midwives.
Telling The Employer About The Pregnancy
Employees must tell their employer about the pregnancy at least 15 weeks before the beginning of the week the baby is due.
If this is not possible the employer must be told as soon as possible.
Employees cannot take time off for antenatal appointments until theyve told the employer about the pregnancy.
What Monitoring May Be Necessary During Your Pregnancy
Electronic fetal monitoring: Sometimes late in pregnancy, a woman who is pregnant may be placed on a fetal monitor to verify the health of the fetus or to see if the woman is in early labor.
Biophysical Profile Test: This is a noninvasive test uses ultrasound to assess whether or not the baby is receiving an adequate supply of oxygen. It is typically performed during high risk pregnancies or if a woman has gone past her due date.
How Soon After Unprotected Sex Can I Take A Pregnancy Test
how soon after having sex without a condom can i take a test to see if im pregnant
Home pregnancy tests work best if you take them after youve already missed your period. ;Some tests say they can tell you if youre pregnant a few days before a missed period, but theyre not as accurate before that missed period.
Pregnancy actually doesnt start the day you have sex. It can take up to 6 days after sex for the sperm and egg to join, and then it has to form into a fertilized egg. It then takes another several days for the fertilized egg to grow, travel to the uterus, and implant itself into the lining of the uterus to start a pregnancy. So from when you have sex to when pregnancy happens can be up to 2-3 weeks.
If you dont want to be pregnant and youve had unprotected vaginal sex, you can use emergency contraception within 5 days of unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy.
Changes In Bathroom And Stomach Habits
In addition to nausea and vomiting, you may experience other stomach problems when you first become pregnantlike constipation, frequent urination and bloating, to name a few.
Constipation is normally characterized by fewer than three bowel movements a week, hard stool, dry stool or stool that is difficult to pass. The progesterone that starts to form from the placenta slows the bowels down, says Brown. Constipation can occur early on in pregnancy, but can come back during the third trimester, too.
Frequent urination is common. Symptoms can start even earlier than your missed period, since the fertilized egg implants itself into the uterus and begins making the pregnancy hormone hCG, prompting you to run to the bathroom more often.
Bloating can happen early on in pregnancy, and may continue throughout your nine months. The progesterone hormone causes your muscle tissues to relax, slowing down digestion. That, in addition to an expanding uterus, can put pressure on your rectum and cause it to feel heavy.
Heres how to keep your stomach happy during pregnancy:
- Aim to get at least 25 grams of fiber a day from foods like leafy greens and whole grains.
- Stay hydrated.
- Talk to your OBGYN about any iron supplements youre taking.
- Discuss with your OBGYN whether you need to try over-the-counter medications.
- When you feel the urge, do not hold in bowel movements.
- Eat slowly.
- Take it easy on foods that may upset your stomach, like beans, cabbage and fried items.
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How Does Teenage Pregnancy Affect Teen Mothers
Teens are at a higher risk for pregnancy-related high blood pressure and its complications than average age mothers. Risks for the baby include premature birth and low birth weight. Preeclampsia can also harm the kidneys or even be fatal for mother or baby.
Giving birth in the United States is safer than ever, but its still more dangerous for a teen than for a woman 20 or older. According to the World Health Organization Trusted Source , complications during pregnancy or childbirth are the leading cause of death globally for girls ages 15 to 19.
If you get pregnant as a teen, you might feel frightened and worried about telling your family and friends. Not talking to someone and not getting the help and support you need, can make you feel more isolated and depressed. This can lead to problems in home and at school.
Many pregnant teens drop out of school, and some never complete their education. That means a lot of mothers who get pregnant as teenagers live in poverty.
Women who first got pregnant as teens are more likely to have more than one child. About
A healthy pregnancy lasts 40 weeks. A baby thats delivered before 37 weeks of pregnancy is
premature. Teen mothers are to give birth to premature babies.
How To Tell If Youre Expecting A Boy Or Girl Without Having An Ultrasound
Gone are the days when gender prediction meant taking the word of the wise old lady in the village. Ultrasounds have increased hugely in quality and accuracy over the past 30 years and – unlike other areas of the world, such as Europe , or India and China – in the UAE, doctors are generally happy to scan you to your hearts content.
But although your babys XX or XY combo of chromosomes is determined from the moment of fertilization, his or her genitalia does not even begin to develop in a visible way until about nine weeks. Youre also likely to have to wait until about 20 weeks for the detailed anatomy scan in order to find out his or her sex with the most accuracy . This four-month waiting period can spark a lot of curiosity and excitement in expectant parents, prompting random guesses from friends and family about whether or not the shape of your tummy or the glow of your skin could mean youre nurturing a baby girl or baby boy. Most of these guesses stem from folklore dating back centuries to when sex prediction wasnt medically possible – although interestingly, some of them do contain strands of what we now know to be truth in them.; We spoke to Pranjul Tandon, Childbirth educator and newborn care coach at Wombandbeyond.info, to help us do a fact check and discover the truth behind these theories
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How Does Pregnancy Happen
Each month your ovaries release an egg about 14 days before the first day of your period. This is called ovulation. When you and your partner have unprotected sex around the time of ovulation, his sperm swim to meet your egg and fertilize it. The fertilized egg moves through your fallopian tubes and attaches or implants to the wall of your uterus where it grows and develops into a baby.
You can get pregnant if you have unprotected sex any time from 5 days before and the day of ovulation. The more often you have sex during this time, the more likely you are to get pregnant. Your egg is fertile for 12 to 24 hours after ovulation. Your partners sperm can live inside you for up to 72 hours after you have sex.
Depending on the kind of birth control you used, it may affect how soon you start ovulating. There are several ways to figure out when you ovulate such as using the .;
Are There Things Your Partner Can Do To Help Improve His Sperm
Yes. Your partner may be able to make his sperm healthier and to make more sperm to help you get pregnant. Heres what he can do:
- Get treated for health conditions. Having diabetes, kidney problems and being obese, may affect his sperm.
- Talk to his provider about any medicines he takes. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicine, supplements and herbal products. Ask your partner to talk to his provider to make sure the medicine he takes doesnt affect his sperm. ;
- Stop smoking, drinking alcohol and using drugs that can affect his fertility . Drugs that can affect your partners fertility include and cocaine.
- Talk to his provider about chemicals that can affect fertility, including metals and radiation and chemotherapy for cancer.
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Do All Women Get Early Symptoms Of Pregnancy
Every woman is different. So are their experiences of pregnancy. Not every woman has the same symptoms or even the same symptoms from one pregnancy to the next.
What follows is a description of some of the most common early symptoms of pregnancy. You should know that these symptoms may be caused by other things besides being pregnant. So the fact that you notice some of these symptoms does not necessarily mean you are pregnant. The only way to tell for sure is with a pregnancy test.
Estrogens Interacts With Progesterone
Progesterone and estrogen are both hormones. They are often taken together. Progesterone can decrease some of the side effects of estrogen. But progesterone might also decrease the beneficial effects of estrogen. Taking progesterone along with estrogen might cause breast tenderness.Some estrogen pills include conjugated equine estrogens , ethinyl estradiol, estradiol, and others.
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How Will I Know If I’m Pregnant
If you think youre pregnant, take a home pregnancy test. If its positive, call your provider to get a blood test to confirm that youre pregnant.
If youre having unprotected sex, you can get pregnant if you have sex any time from 5 days before to the day of ovulation.
Use the March of Dimes Ovulation Calendar to find out when you ovulate so you know when to have sex to try to get pregnant.
If youre having trouble getting pregnant, dont give up! It may just take time. Talk to your provider if youre worried that its taking too long.
Heightened Sense Of Smell
During early stages of pregnancy, you get a new nose. You can smell everything from a distance. You might not be able to bear aroma of cooking food.
This is because your nasal membrane becomes sensitive. It is because of hormonal fluctuations.
Nasal congestion during pregnancy is because of the hormones surging in your blood.
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How Does Teenage Pregnancy Affect Teen Fathers
Fathering a child as a teenager can be a frightening and life-changing event. Teen fathers dont have to worry about the health implications of pregnancy and childbirth, but they could face similar difficulties staying in school and earning a living.
State laws vary on the legal age for people to have sexual intercourse.
Arrest or legal action against teens who are sexually active can have devastating effects. A young man may be required to register as a sex offender if he has reached the legal age and his partner has not .
When To Take A Pregnancy Test
A pregnancy test measures the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin hormone in the urine. This hormone is only present when a woman is pregnant. As the egg grows into an embryo, the cells that surround it and later become the placenta produce hCG.
Planned Parenthood indicate that it is best to take a pregnancy test as soon after a missed period as possible. A pregnancy test may return a positive result as early as 10 days after a person has had sex without contraception. However, it typically takes about 3 weeks before theres enough hCG in the urine to produce a positive pregnancy test.
There are many affordable and reliable pregnancy tests available over-the-counter or online. A home pregnancy test can tell whether you are pregnant in a few minutes, with most claiming to offer almost 99% accuracy .
If a woman takes the pregnancy test earlier than 1 week after a missed period, it may give a negative result, even if the person is actually pregnant.
If a person believes they are pregnant despite a negative test result, they should repeat the test after 1 week.
To avoid a false negative result, check the pregnancy tests expiration date, and carefully follow the written directions.
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What Factors Determine The Outcome Of You And Your Baby’s Health
Many events determine the outcome of a pregnancy.
Maternal weight gain: The amount of weight a woman gains when pregnant can be important in predicting the outcome of pregnancy. Excess weight gain places a woman who is pregnat at risk for diabetes and hypertension, and it may increase the chance for needing a cesarean birth . Too little weight gain places the infant at risk for interuterine growth restriction and the mother at risk for anemia, nutritional deficiencies, and osteoporosis.
Nausea and vomiting: Even if a pregnant patient experiences what seems like an abnormal amount of nausea and vomiting , it probably will not affect the baby’s health, particularly if the woman is still gaining weight at the anticipated rate.
Low or high red blood cell counts: The normal red blood cell count range varies slightly between laboratories, but is generally 4.2 – 5.9 million red cells per microliter. The risk of delivering prematurely is increased if the woman’s blood count is low . Low blood counts also put her at risk of requiring a transfusion following a delivery. If the woman’s blood count is too high , her baby may be larger than expected.
Maternal obesity: A person with a body mass index over 30 is considered obese. If a woman who is pregnant is obese and has diabetes, her baby is three times more likely to have a birth defect. If she is obese but does not have diabetes, the risk of birth defects is not increased.
Raised Body Temperature During Early Pregnancy
A higher basal body temperature may also be a sign of pregnancy. Your bodys core temperature may also increase more easily during exercise or in hot weather. During this time, youll need to make sure to drink more water and exercise cautiously.
Fatigue can develop any time during pregnancy. This symptom is common in early pregnancy. Your progesterone levels will soar, which can make you feel sleepy.
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What Will Happen In Your Belly In The First Three Weeks Of Pregnancy
If you have a typical 28-day menstrual cycle, one of your ovaries will release an egg around 14 days after the first day of your last period. The egg will travel down one of the fallopian tubes where it may be united with sperm.
Itâs worth noting that sperm can live inside your body for up to five days, and your egg has a lifespan of up to one day.
This means your window of fertility is about five days before you ovulate to one day after.
Read on to find out what happens from before conception and onward.
1 Week Pregnant
Your journey through pregnancy starts now, but did you know youâre not technically pregnant yet? Healthcare providers calculate the length of a pregnancy as 40 weeks from the first date of your last menstrual period, and, as we mentioned above, ovulation happens about 14 days after the start of your period, assuming you have a 28-day cycle.
So, for the sake of calculation, this week and the next are considered part of your pregnancy, even though you havenât conceived just yet. It can be mindboggling, but at one week pregnant, youâre actually not!
2 Weeks Pregnant
At two weeks pregnant, so to speak, your period may be over and ovulation may be just days away. At the end of this week, if you have sex, egg and sperm can meet and conception can take place. If this does happen, your uterus is about to become a very busy place!
3 Weeks Pregnant
A Missed Period And Light Bleeding
A missed period is probably the most well-known pregnancy symptom, and the one that most often prompts women to take a pregnancy test. If your period is late or doesnt come at all, you may be pregnant.
But newly pregnant womenone-third to be exactmay have whats called implantation bleeding, or bleeding that is lighter, shorter and spottier than a regular period. When you become pregnant, the fertilized egg latches on to the uterus lining and embeds itself, which initiates the pregnancy. The movement may cause light bleeding a few days before your period is supposed to start. And while the amount differs from woman to woman, implantation bleeding is typically pinkish or dark brown in color. It will likely occur for a few days to a few weeks.
Brown recommends that all women track their menstrual cycle, especially if they are trying to get pregnant. You can use a regular calendar, or one of many phone apps. These apps can help you see what a normal menstrual cycle looks like for you, including how long it is and how heavy your period is. They can also anticipate your period and ovulation days for the months to follow, says Brown. I think this is really helpful for patients who are trying to get pregnant. It can help them track when theyre most fertile.