What Are The Effects Of Pregnancy

Pregnancy Complications: The Bottom Line

The surprising effects of pregnancy

While these conditions may differ from one another, you may have noticed one common thread: Regular prenatal care is crucial. Women are encouraged to come in for a preconception consult to talk about what they can do to reduce their risks. Being healthy before pregnancy is the best thing you can do for your baby.

Acid Reflux In Pregnancy

Acid reflux is sometimes referred to as heartburn, dyspepsia or indigestion. It’s another common side effect of pregnancy, occurring in around half of all pregnancies. Typical symptoms include heartburn, tummy or chest pain, an acid taste and feeling bloated.

The symptoms of heartburn may be helped by lifestyle changes such as:

  • Sitting up and not lying down just after eating.
  • Raising the foot of your bed when sleeping.
  • Eating small frequent meals, and not eating within three hours of going to bed.
  • Reducing fatty or spicy foods, fruit juice, chocolate and caffeine.

Antacid preparations such as Gaviscon® reduce acid reflux symptoms in pregnancy. Antacid products containing sodium bicarbonate or magnesium trisilicate should be avoided in pregnancy. Other medicines such as ranitidine or omeprazole may be considered if symptoms are severe and not controlled with antacids.

See also the leaflet Acid Reflux and Oesophagitis for more information.

How To Prepare For Ultrasound

You provider may ask to you to follow specific instructions to help in improving the quality of the pictures proceduced.

For example:- you may be recommended to

  • 1. Avoid drinking or eating for few hours before the scanning. This may be required before scanning your digestive system, involving the gallbladder and liver.
  • 2. Drink water and try to control your urge to urinate until your scan.

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Smell Sensitivity And Food Aversions During Early Pregnancy

Smell sensitivity is a symptom of early pregnancy thats mostly self-reported. Theres little scientific evidence about smell sensitivity during the first trimester. However, it might be important, since smell sensitivity may trigger nausea and vomiting. It may also cause strong distaste for certain foods.

You may experience either a heightened or lessened sense of smell during pregnancy, according to 2017 research. This is especially common during the first and third trimesters. Heightened smell is more common than lessened smell. Some smells that never bothered you before may become less pleasing or even trigger nausea.

The good news is that your sense of smell usually returns to normal after delivery, or within 6 to 12 weeks postpartum.

Pregnancy Diet And Exercise

Pregnancy Symptoms

For most women, eating an additional 500 calories a day is enough to properly nourish themselves and their babies, according to Cleveland Clinic. About 200 to 300 of these calories should come from whole foods with a lot of nutrients, such as whole grains, vegetables, fruits, leas meats and low-fat dairy.

Healthy Diet Tips

Women should avoid foods that could contribute to foodborne illnesses, such as unpasteurized cheese, milk or juice and raw meats including fish, eggs and deli meats.

Women with healthy, normal pregnancies should exercise to maintain optimal health. But its important to discuss exercise routines with a health care provider first. Walking, swimming, stationary bicycling, modified yoga or pilates are good choices.

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Health Effects Of Smoking And Secondhand Smoke On Babies

  • Mothers who smoke are more likely to deliver their babies early. Preterm delivery is a leading cause of death, disability, and disease among newborns.1,2
  • One in every five babies born to mothers who smoke during pregnancy has low birth weight. Mothers who are exposed to secondhand smoke while pregnant are more likely to have lower birth weight babies. Babies born too small or too early are not as healthy.1,2,3
  • Both babies whose mothers smoke while pregnant and babies who are exposed to secondhand smoke after birth are more likely to die from sudden infant death syndrome than babies who are not exposed to cigarette smoke.1,2,3 Babies whose mothers smoke are about three times more likely to die from SIDS.1
  • Babies whose mothers smoke while pregnant or who are exposed to secondhand smoke after birth have weaker lungs than other babies, which increases the risk for many health problems.1,2,3
  • Smoking reduces a womans chances of getting pregnant.1,2
  • Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk for pregnancy complications.1,2
  • Tobacco smoke harms babies before and after they are born.1,3

If I Take Antidepressants During My Pregnancy Will They Hurt My Baby

You may think you should stop taking medication for depression when you are pregnant. Remember that, if left untreated, depression can have serious effects for both you and your baby. If you are taking antidepressants and are thinking about getting pregnant , talk to your doctor first, before stopping any medication. You can also consult the following trusted resources: www.mothertobaby.org, www.medicinesinpregnancy.org.

Some newborn babies may have symptoms such as irritability, fast breathing, tremors and poor feeding if their mothers took antidepressants during pregnancy. These symptoms are usually mild and pass quickly, usually within 2 weeks. These babies typically respond well to a quiet environment, swaddling, skin-to-skin contact, and frequent small feeds. Serious problems such as heart defects or more severe breathing issues are very rare.After your baby is born, they will be watched closely to make sure they are healthy. Your doctors and nurses will make sure that you are both well before letting you go home. You may need to stay an extra day or two in the hospital so that they can be sure.

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During An Ultrasound Scan

Most ultrasounds scans takes around 15 to 45 minutes. This procedure usually takes place in the radiology department of the hospital and are performed by a sonographer, doctor, or a radiographer.

There are variant ultrasounds scans, depending on the part of the body is getting scanned and reason for performing an ultrasound. The major kinds of ultrasounds are the following.

Internal ultrasound scan when the probe is inserted in your body.

External ultrasound scan the probe is moved over your skin.

Endoscopic ultrasound scan the probe is connected to a thin, long, and flexible tube and then passed further in your body.

Pelvic Girdle Pain In Pregnancy

The Shocking Effects Of Drinking Whilst Pregnant

The symphysis pubis is the joint between the two halves of the pelvis at the front – down low, over the front of your bladder. It can become very painful in pregnancy – usually in late pregnancy but sometimes as early as 14 weeks. This is because the joint in the bone can become loosened and the bones separate a little and then rub against one another. The joint softening is caused by softening to the ligament that holds together the bones. This does have a purpose in nature: the splitting of the pubic bone in this way widens the pelvic ‘outlet’ which is the exit route your baby will take in labour. This can be seen as a helpful preparation for labour. This is a small consolation for the pain.

Pelvic girdle pain can be severe. It is often worse on walking and on turning over in bed at night. It can be helpful to sleep with a pillow between the knees, which supports the shape of the pelvis. Pain is mainly at the front of the pelvis over the pubic bone, although pain can spread to the hips and tummy . It can be a severe problem some women may even struggle to walk and they then need a special belt or crutches.

Exercise and physiotherapy have been shown to help. Contact your doctor to discuss a referral to a physiotherapist who should be able to advise further.

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Pelvic Ligament Pain In Pregnancy

Many women experience pain in the lower tummy as the baby grows. This typically starts at around 14 weeks and goes on into late pregnancy. It is due to the growing womb pulling on the structures which hold it in place. This occasional side effect of pregnancy usually causes a stabbing pain down one or both sides of the tummy and sometimes down into the hips and genital area. The pain can be quite marked.

Some women feel it particularly when they turn over in bed. It can be so sharp that some worry it may be appendicitis. The ligaments stretch and pull as your womb grows bigger, and can go into spasm. This causes pain, particularly on sudden large movements.

The pain can happen again in subsequent pregnancies.

Why Does Pregnancy Sometimes Make Sleeping Difficult

When you’re pregnant, it can be hard to get a good nights sleep. As you get bigger, it gets tougher to find a comfortable sleeping position. You may need to pee in the middle of the night. And heartburn can wake you up.

Some women have leg cramps and backaches, especially as they begin carrying more and more weight. Many pregnant women report that their dreams become more vivid than usual, and some even have nightmares.

Stress can interfere with sleep too. Maybe you’re worried about your baby’s health, anxious about your abilities as a parent, or feeling nervous about the delivery itself. All these feelings are normal, but they might keep you up at night.

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Is It Safe To Get A Covid

Research shows that vaccines, including the Pfizer and Moderna mRNA vaccines, are safe and effective while pregnant or breastfeeding.

  • Vaccination prevents COVID-19 and reduces the risk of severe disease.
  • Vaccines are very effective against SARS-CoV-2 variants.
  • The antibodies your body makes after vaccination can travel to the baby before birth or through breastmilk after birth.

The CDC strongly recommends COVID-19 vaccination either before or during pregnancy.

Effects Of Marijuana Exposure Approaching Adolescence


Two years after the initial study, researchers followed up with those same children, who are now approaching their adolescent years. Dr. Baranger explained this age is a critical point to study because adolescence is an important time period for many mental health disorders.

Adolescence is a time when first really experience a heavy level of symptoms and might meet criteria for a diagnosis, said Dr. Baranger. So it suggests that they might be at higher risk for a full-blown mental health disorder in adolescence.

The goal of the follow-up 2022 study was to see whether those children who presented symptoms of a mental health disorder two years ago had any changes to the symptoms. Researchers found that overall, there wasnt much of a change from their original findings: children exposed to marijuana in utero had elevated mental health symptoms, including depression and anxiety.

Once they hit 14 or 15, were expecting to see further increases in mental health disorders or other psychiatric conditionsincreases that will continue into the kids early 20s, Baranger said in a Washington University press release about the study.

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Severe Maternal Morbidity In The United States

Maternal morbidity includes physical and psychologic conditions that result from or are aggravated by pregnancy and have an adverse effect on a womans health. The most severe complications of pregnancy, generally referred to as severe maternal morbidity , affect more than 50,000 women in the United States every year. Based on recent trends, this burden has been steadily increasing.

Rises in SMM are likely driven by a combination of factors, including increases in maternal age, pre-pregnancy obesity, pre-existing chronic medical conditions, and cesarean delivery. The consequences of the increasing SMM prevalence are wide-ranging and include higher health service use, higher direct medical costs, extended hospitalization stays, and long-term rehabilitation. The review of SMM cases provides an opportunity to identify points of intervention for quality improvements in maternal care. Tracking SMM will help monitor the effectiveness of such interventions.

Abortion Pill Side Effects Future Pregnancy

Abortion pills Side effects very heavy bleeding with large clots Depend pregnancy days, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, belly pain, or a fever for more than 24 hours.

What are the side effects of drug abortion?

The side effects of drug abortion are closely related to the drugs administered to the patient.

However, the most common side effects of a drug abortion procedure are:

  • abdominal pain of varying intensity
  • nausea and vomiting
  • vaginal bleeding that may continue for several days after treatment ends
  • Gastrointestinal cramps
  • Other possible side effects of greater severity, which may actually be considered complications of treatment, include:
  • pelvic inflammatory disease.

Clearly, the above are just some of the side effects that can occur after administration of abortion medication and prostaglandin analogs. In addition, it should be noted that the type and intensity of side effects may vary according to the week of pregnancy during which the drugs are taken, according to each womans individual sensitivity to the drugs administered and even according to that conditions. The emotional and psychological experiences in which the patient finds himself.


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Given the fragility of the situation and the emotional and psychological effects it can have on the woman, family, partner and the same health care staff, she should be provided with all necessary help and support before, during and after treatment. ,

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What Are The Side Effects Of Pregnancy

If you are new to pregnancy, you probably have a lot of questions about what to expect in the nine months ahead. One of the biggest may be, What are the effects of being pregnant?

There are a lot of ways that being pregnant can affect your life but, in this article, well focus on the physical effects of being pregnant and carrying a baby to term. There are both positive and harmful effects of pregnancy, and its important that every expectant mother is 100 percent prepared for whats ahead of her before getting too far in her pregnancy.

First, know this: Every pregnancy is different, so what some women experience as the effects of being pregnant may not be the same as what you experience. Your doctor is always the best person to determine if what you are feeling is normal for your pregnancy or a cause for concern. The information below should not be taken as medical advice please rely on your doctors counsel before making any important decisions during your pregnancy.

Side Effects of Pregnancy: Early Months

Often, women ask, What are the side effects of early pregnancy? Perhaps theyve been actively trying to become pregnant for a while, or they are experiencing odd symptoms that they think may point to an unexpected pregnancy. Either way, they often wonder whether these symptoms are a sign of pregnancy.

If youre asking, What are the side effects if youre pregnant? know that you may experience these symptoms during early pregnancy:

Loss Of Government Revenue:

How Racism Impacts Pregnancy Outcomes
  • In most developing nations, governments plan welfare schemes to take adequate care of teen mothers and their dependent children. As the low-qualified mother cannot get a good job, she completely depends on such welfare schemes to overcome the impending financial distress.
  • In the United States, the annual expenses to fund the teenage pregnancies cost around $7 billion. The government has to spend money on public assistance, child health care, and foster care, to facilitate proper upbringing of the child.
  • Teen mothers do not have to pay the taxes, and the government has to face a huge loss of revenue.

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Concluding Remarks And Future Perspectives

Taking into account the changing physiology and immune responses during gestation, pregnant women are more susceptible to developing severe COVID-19, which can lead to pregnancy-related complications. There is limited information for the association of COVID-19 and its direct complications to the growing fetus during pregnancy. These may include preterm birth, stillbirth, or long-term complications for the newborn . A study conducted on 827 pregnant women, who have been given the COVID-19 mRNA vaccine, found that the proportion of adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes were similar to incidence reported in similar studies conducted prior to the pandemic . Furthermore, vaccination of pregnant women has been shown to result in maternal IgG production 5 days after the first dose of vaccination, as well as the transplacental transfer of IgG 16 days after the first dose of vaccination . However, longitudinal follow-up is needed to monitor those who are vaccinated, especially during the first trimester, in order to be informed about maternal, pregnancy, and neonatal outcomes. Another important consideration with COVID-19 infection during pregnancy is that current diagnostic tests such as X-ray and CT scans cannot be performed in pregnant women due to potential risks to the growing fetus . These factors may therefore delay the diagnosis and treatment of pregnant women, particularly those with more severe symptoms.

How Do I Deal With Backache In Pregnancy

The following methods may help:

  • Light exercise – brisk walking and exercises such as yoga.
  • Avoiding sitting or standing for long periods of time.
  • Avoiding heavy lifting including, if you can help it, toddlers wanting to be carried!
  • If you have to sit, supporting your lower back with a cushion.
  • Considering asking your doctor to refer you to a physiotherapist for advice on simple exercises.
  • Trying exercising in water.
  • Taking warm baths and simple painkillers such as paracetamol may be helpful: ask your doctor or midwife for advice.

See the separate leaflet called Pregnancy and Physical Activity.

Read Also: How Do We Get Pregnant

Other Causes Of Stress

Apart from pregnancy-related factors, you may also be experiencing stress due to other causes. Stress can be caused by a wide range of events from everyday annoyances to major traumatic events, says Jennifer McMahon, MD, a perinatal psychiatrist at Yale Medicine.

These are some of the other potential causes of stress:

  • Negative life events, such as the loss of a job, a serious illness, a major accident, the death of a loved one, or a divorce
  • Chronic stressors that cause long-term stress, such as financial difficulties, housing status, abuse, or serious health issues
  • Catastrophes, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, terrorist attacks, or shooting incidents
  • Sociocultural factors, such as racism, or exposure to crime or violence

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