How Do You Know If Your Birth Control Is Causing Your Headaches Or Migraines
If headaches or migraine attacks start or get worse when you start a new birth control method, after an increase in dosage, or improve after a reduction in dosage or stopping the birth control, its quite likely that birth control hormones are to blame.
Its normal to experience an increased frequency and severity of headaches when you first start birth control, but this often improves with time. However, any neurologic symptoms, such as aura symptoms, or severe or debilitating headaches, are not a normal birth control side effect, and you should notify your healthcare professional if you experience them.
Birth Control Pills And Mini
Birth control pills are hormonal contraceptives. They contain either a combination of estrogen and progestin , or just progestin .
Women whose main reason for taking birth control pills is to manage heavy periods often choose to take the mini-pill. The low-dose progestin-only mini-pill is taken every day, without any breaks. This usually causes menstrual bleeding to become irregular, and sometimes women may even stop getting their period.
Combination pills are mainly used as contraceptives. Most women take the combination pill for 21 days per cycle. The bleeding starts during the seven-day break that follows. Low-dose combination pills can be taken continuously too. Then the woman usually stops getting her period completely, and only has light spotting at the most.
But combination pills have not yet been approved for continuous use in Germany. So if they are used in this way it is considered to be off-label use . Its important to discuss the possible consequences of this type of use with your doctor.
The possible side effects of birth control pills include fluid retention, headaches and breast tenderness. The combination pill in particular increases the likelihood of blood clots , so women who have a greater risk of thrombosis are advised not to take it.
What It Really Takes To Get Pregnant After Birth Control
You’ve quit your contraceptive and are ready to start a family, but could your pill or IUD have lingering effects on your fertility?
When Camillia, 34, decided that she and her partner were ready to try for a baby, she went to her doctor to have her IUD removed. “My doctor said I could get pregnant right away, but I thought that because of my age it would take longer,” she says. Turns out, her doctor was right. Camillia was surprised when she became pregnant just ten days later.
It’s not uncommon for women to believe that there will be a delay in fertility after being on birth control, and it’s a concern that gynecologists constantly try to squash. So what’s going on? Glenmarie Matthews, an OB-GYN in the family planning division at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City says that misunderstandings surrounding conception and birth controlsparked by both poor research and well-circulated mythsare to blame. “There were a lot of misconceptions around the pill when it was first introduced, and in the 1980s there was some research that suggested that oral contraceptives might delay fertility after discontinuation,” she says. But since then, multiple studies have been published that show that the pill does not in fact affect fertility. Ditto goes for most other forms of birth control.
Still questioning how your specific form of birth control will impact your pregnancy plans? We break it down here:
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Early Signs Of Pregnancy
If you miss a period, take a pregnancy test to make sure that youâre not pregnant. Other signs include tiredness, bloating, having to pee a lot, moodiness, nausea, and tender, swollen breasts. Most pregnancy tests will be positive by the time you miss your first period, but if yours isnât, itâs still important to see your doctor if youâre more than a week or two late to rule out any other health conditions and to confirm that you arenât pregnant.
How K Health Can Help
Do you know you can access affordable primary care with the K Health app? If you have any concerns about the efficacy of your birth control method or would like to get an experts opinion about how to prevent pregnancy, speak to or chat with one of our doctors at K Health.
to check your symptoms, explore conditions and treatments, and if needed, text with a doctor in minutes. K Healths AI-powered app is HIPAA compliant and is based on 20 years of clinical data.
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How Stopping Birth Control Affects Your Menstrual Cycle
After you stop taking birth control, the hormones will leave your system, causing your body to take over and revert to a natural menstrual cycle. And this happens relatively fast: “The hormones only stay in your body for a short time, which is why you need to take the pill regularly to avoid a contraceptive failure,” says Dr. Strand.
In other words, you should expect your cycle to return to normal soon after stopping birth control. “For some women it can take a little time, typically not more than a few weeks, for the to start functioning again after discontinuing the birth control pill,” says Dr. Insogna. “This isn’t always the case, however. It’s important to remember that some women will ovulate and resume regular periods almost instantly after stopping the birth control pill.”
Injectable birth control options, like Depo Provera, can cause things to take a bit longer to get back to normal. “Although the Depo shot is given every three months, it can take six to 12 months for a patient’s menstrual cycle to return,” says Dr. Strand.
Combination Birth Control Methods
You may have heard it takes at least three months for ovulation to start up again after you stop the pill. This is not usually true. For most people, ovulation will start within weeks. For some, though, it can take one to three months.
Think about it like this: The pill works because it stops ovulation. If you miss a couple of pills, you might ovulate and you might get pregnant. Some healthcare providers even say you are most fertile just after you stop taking the pill.
So where does the three-month myth come from? Your healthcare provider may tell you to use a condom until you have had three periods. This is just because waiting will help you keep track of your cycle. That way, if you get pregnant, it will be easier to guess when the pregnancy happened.
There is no medical reason to wait after you stop birth control before trying to become pregnant. Just be prepared that your fertility may return within the first month.
NuvaRing and the Patch work the same way as the pill, so the same goes for these methods. Fertility should return quickly. Most research shows that 80% of people who stop using these methods and want to get pregnant will get pregnant within the first year. This number is the same as that of the general population.
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Barrier Methods And Natural Methods
If you were using a barrier method, there is good news. These methods do not interfere with fertility. Barrier methods include:
Barrier methods block sperm from reaching your egg. These methods do not stop ovulation. Whether you are using them or not, your monthly cycle does not change.
As an added bonus, condoms also protect you from sexually transmitted infections . Left untreated, some STIs can lead to infertility.
Some people use natural family planning methods. If this is you, you may be able to get pregnant faster. Many of these methods have you keep track of your most fertile days. So now, just do the reverse. Instead of avoiding sex around those days, go try to make a baby.
It Helps To Manage Endometriosis
Endometriosis is a painful condition that happens when the tissue lining your uterus, called the endometrium, grows in places other than inside your uterus. This tissue bleeds during your period, no matter where its located. When the tissue bleeds in places where blood cant easily get out of your body, it causes pain and inflammation.
Hormonal birth control methods help because they allow you to skip periods. Continuous birth control pills and IUDs are usually good options for managing endometriosis.
30 million Americans 75 percent of those being women. This is partly because hormonal changes are a major trigger for migraines in some people.
Experts think menstrual migraines are linked to a drop in estrogen and progesterone just before your period starts. Hormonal birth control methods that allow you to skip your period, such as a continuous pill, implant, or IUD, can help to avoid this drop.
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What Is A Progestin
A progestin-only contraceptive is one kind of birth control pill. It is often called the mini-pill. Regular birth control pills have two female hormones: estrogen and progesterone. The mini-pill has only progesterone in it. Because this pill doesnt contain estrogen, it may not have as many side effects.
How Long Does It Take For Birth Control Pills To Work
The time it takes birth control pills to work depends on when you start taking them and what type of pills you use. You may begin taking the birth control pill any day of the month. It is however, advisable to use a backup birth control method, such as condoms, for about a week once you start taking the pills.
Combination oral contraceptive pills
- When started within five days after the first day of your period, the combined pill will protect you from pregnancy right away.
- If you get your periods on a Monday morning and you start taking the combined pills any time before Saturday morning, you will be instantly protected from a possible pregnancy.
- If the pills are started at any other time, it is best to use an additional method of birth control, like a condom, for the first week after you start taking the combined pills.
- Progestin-only pills, POPs or mini pills can be started any day of the month. They will protect you from pregnancy after 48 hours of taking the first pill.
- In this case, you must use another method of birth control to prevent pregnancy during the first two days.
You must always discuss with your nurse or doctor about which birth control pill option would be best for you.
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When To See A Doctor
Women should speak to a doctor as soon as possible if they suspect that they are pregnant or have had a positive result on a pregnancy test while on birth control.
Conversely, if a woman misses a period and gets a negative pregnancy test result, she should also seek medical advice unless she is taking a form of birth control that prevents regular periods.
Although they are rare, false negatives are possible. There may be other underlying conditions causing missed periods or other pregnancy symptoms.
Not Starting A New Pack Right Away
It is essential to start a new pack of pills the day after finishing the previous one. However, sometimes a person may not have their new package yet. Missing a few days between packs can make the pill less effective at preventing pregnancy.
According to the , anyone who misses two or more pills in a row should use a backup contraceptive method or avoid sexual intercourse until they have taken the birth control pill for 7 consecutive days.
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Can Taking The Birth Control Pill While Pregnant Hurt My Baby
If you’ve been taking the birth control pill and discover you are pregnant, you may wonder whether this could cause the baby harm and if there a chance that it may lead to a miscarriage or stillbirth.
Most research suggests that you need not worry. There are some types of birth control that may cause complications, but, for the most part, using birth control pills or other hormone delivery devices is relatively safe.
Brianna Gilmartin / Verywell
Does The Morning After Pill Affect Fertility
The short answer: The ‘morning after pill’ doesnt affect long-term future fertility.
The long answer: Similar to the combined contraceptive pill, the ‘morning after pill’ is designed to prevent pregnancy by delaying or preventing ovulation. This method of emergency contraception has no effect on future fertility. There is no evidence to suggest that the morning after pill affects fertility in any way except by preventing pregnancy in the short-term as intended.
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Can You Ovulate With High Progesterone
If your progesterone level is elevated within a certain range during the luteal phase, it likely means you are ovulating. If your progesterone level is not elevated, it can mean that youre not ovulating. If your menstrual cycle is irregular, you may be asked to come in for several blood tests until your period begins.
Does Birth Control Affect Infertility 4 Facts You Need To Know
A popular belief is that birth control can have long-term effects on fertility. This is not true. One large study evaluated women who had been using birth control for 7 years. After stopping birth control, 21% of these women were able to get pregnant within the first month, and almost 80% were able to conceive within a year. So why does the myth persist that birth control affects fertility?
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How Can Sex Lead To Stds
Anybody who has sex may be at risk for sexually transmitted infections and/or pregnancy.
Sexually transmitted infections can be spread during many kinds of sexual activity: like oral sex, anal sex, vaginal sex, and skin-to-skin genital touching . Some infections are spread through body fluids like semen, vaginal fluids, and blood. Others can be passed when the skin of your mouth or genitals rubs against the skin of someone elses genitals.
So pretty much any type of sexual contact with another person where theres body fluids or genital skin touching can put you at risk for STDs.
Sexually transmitted infections are super common most people get one at some point in their life. Some STDs can be serious, but the good news is they can usually be cured or treated. If youre having sex, protect yourself by using condoms and getting tested for STDs. Read more about STDs.
Are You Being Pressured To Have Sex
In a 2019 survey of U.S. high school students, 7% reported that they had been physically forced to have sex when they did not want to. Many more may feel pressured into it. Sex should always be consensual. If anyone is physically forcing, coercing, or pressuring you to have sex with them, seek help from a trusted adult, parent, school counselor, teacher, or healthcare provider. You can also call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 800-799-SAFE or text START to 88788.
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Starting After The 5th Day Of Your Cycle
You will not be protected from pregnancy straight away and will need additional contraception until you have taken the pill for 7 days.
If you start the pill after the 5th day of your cycle, make sure you have not put yourself at risk of pregnancy since your last period. If you’re worried you’re pregnant when you start the pill, take a pregnancy test 3 weeks after the last time you had unprotected sex.
Ways You Probably Won’t Get Pregnant When Having Sex
How hard is it to get pregnant? The chances of conception depend on various circumstances, ranging from your menstrual cycle to your birth control. Here, experts share the scenarios where you’re least likely to conceive.
Many women spend the better part of their fertile years actively trying not to get pregnant, so it might be a surprise to learn that conception isn’t that easy. Indeed, there’s a relatively short window during a woman’s cycle that’s ideal for conceiving, whether or not she’s on birth control or actively trying, says Anate Brauer, M.D., a reproductive endocrinologist at the Greenwich Fertility and IVF Centers and assistant professor of OB-GYN at NYU School of Medicine.
According to the American Pregnancy Association, a healthy 30-year-old has a 20 percent chance of pregnancy each month with frequent unprotected sex. Of course, every woman is different, and you should always use protection if you’re not trying to conceive. But if you’re wondering which occasions make for the least likely opportunity, check out these expert-stamped scenarios where your chances of pregnancy are lowest.
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What Are The Chances Of Getting Pregnant First Month Off Birth Control Pill
The NHS advises that of women who are having regular sex:
- aged 19 to 26, 92% will conceive after 1 year and 98% after 2 years
- aged 35 to 39, 82% will conceive after 1 year and 90% after 2 years
As soon as you come off the pill there is a chance you will become pregnant. In fact, one study has suggested that as many as 40% of women who come of the pill will have a period or get pregnant in the first month. This goes up to 99% in 3 months.
If you dont want to get pregnant when you come off the pill, you will need to use another form of contraception such as condoms.