Can A Conception Calculator Be Wrong
As much as youd love to know the exact timing of conception , conception calculators can be wrong because of the amount of estimation involved. Having an irregular cycle, a longer or shorter than average follicular phase, or an early or late implantation date can all affect your due date.
A study published in the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics found that only 5% of women actually gave birth on their EDD, regardless of the dating method, while 66% of births occurred within a week of their EDD.
How Do I Calculate My Due Date If I Had Ivf
If you used embryo cryopreservation and in vitro fertilization to get pregnant, you can use your IVF transfer date to calculate your due date. If your provider transferred the embryos five days after they retrieved your eggs, count ahead 261 days from the transfer date.
If your provider transferred the embryos three days after egg retrieval, count ahead 263 days to determine your due date. On your transfer day, your provider will calculate your due date and share this information with you.
Gestational Age Vs Fetal Age
Gestation Age is the time between your last menstrual period and birth. Gestational age is the measurement used to tell you how far along you are in your pregnancy, and its measured in weeks from the first day of your last period NOT CONCEPTION! This means that even though you werent pregnant yet, your last period counts as part of your pregnancy.
Healthcare providers use gestational age since ovulation occurs anywhere from day ten to day twenty in a twenty-eight-day cycle, which makes it almost impossible to pinpoint the exact conception date. Ultrasound has given us more accurate measurements, but tradition in Obstetrics has remained in use.
Fetal age is the age of the fetus, which is measured from the date of fertilization. The fetal age is usually two weeks behind the gestational age since conception typically occurs about two weeks from your last period. For example, if your gestational age is twelve weeks, your fetal age would be about ten weeks.
You May Like: Accidentally Donated Blood While Pregnant
Calculating A Reverse Due Date
When you look in reverse the due date becomes a bit harder to pinpoint, particularly if you have no idea when you got pregnant. But, this method starts with the due date .
The method is simple in theoryyou take the due date and subtract 266 days. The reason this is tricky is that youre not really doing one equation of numbers. You have to figure it out by months and partial months. Essentially, starting with 266, you sequentially subtract away each month until you arrive at the likely date of conception.
Here is an example using the due date of December 8th:
- 258 minus 30 days in November = 228
- 228 minus 31 days in October = 197
- 197 minus 30 days in September = 167
- 167 minus 31 days in August = 136
- 136 minus 31 days in July = 105
- 105 minus 30 days in June = 75
- 75 minus 31 days in May = 44
- 44 minus 30 days in April = 14
- 14 minus 14 days would be March 15th.
To double-check this date, you can put your first day of the last period into a pregnancy due date calculator. If you’ve done your math correctly, you should get the due date that you started with.
Are Online Conception Calculators Different From The Wheel One That My Doctor Uses
When you visit your doctor to discuss your pregnancy, they may use a gestational calculator called a pregnancy wheel. Like many conception calculators, the pregnancy wheel uses the date of your LMP. By shifting one layer of the wheel to the appropriate LMP date, other notable dates are revealed.
The information provided by the pregnancy wheel and conception calendars is the same. However, while a pregnancy wheel helps to determine your EDD, it also provides additional information about the various stages of pregnancy, such as the estimated weight of the fetus and the optimal windows for various types of prenatal screening.
A few years ago, The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists reinvented the pregnancy wheel as an app, and now encourages the use of this app in place of the older physical, plastic wheel.
You May Like: Is Kinesio Tape Safe For Pregnancy
How Long Is Pregnancy
Pregnancies last approximately 280 days, which is 40 weeks, or about 10 monthsnot nine like we traditionally hear. Your pregnancy is considered full-term after 37 weeks. Delivery prior to 37 weeks is considered preterm.
- At 37 weeks, the pregnancy is considered early-term .
- At 41 weeks, the pregnancy is considered late-term.
- At 42 weeks, the pregnancy is considered post-term.
How Is The Due Date Calculated
The expected date of delivery is calculated by adding one year, subtracting three months, and adding seven days to the first day of a woman’s last menstrual period . The result is approximately 280 days from the LMP.
Example: LMP = 8 May 2019+ 1 year = 8 May 2020- 3 months = 8 February 2020+ 7 days = 15 February 2020
The calculation method above does not always result in a 280 days because not all calendar months are the same length, not does it account for leap years. In modern practice, calculators, reference cards, or sliding wheel calculators are used to add 280 days to LMP.
LMP may not be the best date to use as the basis of a due date calculation, but it remains popular because few women know exactly what day they ovulate or conceive a pregnancy, and because no algorithm can predict the exact day that spontaneous labour will occur no matter what considerations are taken into account.
You May Like: Is It Safe To Use Vagisil Cream While Pregnant
Using Ultrasounds To Determine Your Due Date
For a variety of reasons, a lot of women don’t know when their last period was . A history of irregular periods, medications and plain ol’ forgetting are all normal reasons to be unsure.
A transvaginal ultrasound can help to figure out your estimated due date, especially when done in the first trimester. The ultrasound technician will measure the size of the embryo and use the information gathered to determine your due date.
Surprisingly, as your pregnancy progresses, it becomes harder to calculate the gestational age and size of the fetus with an ultrasound .
Can I Plan My Due Date
Some people are planners by nature, which extends to the desire to plan a pregnancy and delivery. They may want to aim for a delivery in a particular season or month, or they may want to avoid having a new baby at a particular time. For example, you may dread the idea of being pregnant during a long, hot summer. Or you might like to avoid having a baby during a month when many of your other family members already have birthdays. Its a good idea to talk with your healthcare provider in advance if you have specific timelines for pregnancy and delivery.
As already noted, due dates are estimates. But you can give yourself a better chance at achieving a due date in your desired range by tracking your period to find out when youre ovulating. Among other methods, some women opt to use ovulation predictor kits to detect luteinizing hormone in their urine. A rise in this hormone signals that ovulation is imminent. Once you have a good handle on your ovulatory time, you can plan sexual intercourse to coincide. And hopefully, youll get lucky.
But if not, dont panic, especially if youre just getting started with trying to get pregnant and you dont have any complicating health issues that youre aware of. Sometimes its normal for it to take three to six or eight months to conceive, Anderson says.
Also Check: Vagisil Pregnant
What Is A Due Date
It takes about 38 weeks for human babies to develop fully in the womb. Your due date is the day youre expected to give birth based on this 38-week gestation process.
But keep in mind that healthcare providers consider a pregnancy to be full-term anywhere between 37 and 42 weeks. Babies can be born at any time, and many factors play a role in determining when you go into labor and when your baby will actually enter the world.
What Does It Mean If My Doctor Changes My Due Date
Your doctor may change your due date if your fetus is significantly smaller or larger than the average fetus at your particular stage of pregnancy.
Generally, your doctor orders an ultrasound to determine the gestational age of your baby when theres a history of irregular periods, when the date of your LMP is uncertain, or when conception occurred despite oral contraceptive use.
An ultrasound allows your doctor to measure the crown-rump length the length of the fetus from one end to the other.
During the first trimester, this measurement provides the most accurate estimation for the age of the baby. Your doctor may change your due date based on the ultrasound measurement.
This is most likely to occur in the first trimester, especially if the date estimated by the ultrasound differs by more than one week from the date estimated by your doctor based on your LMP.
In the second trimester, an ultrasound is less accurate and your doctor probably wont adjust your date unless the estimates vary by more than two weeks.
The third trimester is the least accurate time to date a pregnancy. Estimates based on an ultrasound can be off by as much as three weeks, so doctors rarely adjust dates during the third trimester.
However, its not uncommon for a doctor to perform an ultrasound in the third trimester if theyre thinking about changing your date.
Don’t Miss: Side Effects Of Donating Plasma While Pregnant
What If You Have An Irregular Cycle
Its more difficult to calculate the fertile period for women with irregular cycles. Therefore, even with these estimates, women may still fail at getting pregnant or prevent pregnancy. If you get your period at different times during your cycle, its easy to make a mistake when tracking your days.
However, if you want to calculate the fertile days in an irregular menstrual cycle, this is what you should do. First, you have to record your menstrual cycle for at least six months. For example, one month may last 22 days, another 27, another 31 and so on. After taking these notes, youll need to use a formula:
- Subtract 18 days from the shorter cycle and 11 days from the longest menstrual cycle. For example: If the shortest cycle was 22 days and your longest cycle was 31 days, then 22-18=4 and 31-11=20.
- Therefore, your fertile period will fall between days 4 and 20 of the cycle, which is about 17 days. Of course, this estimate is inaccurate and long, but if youre trying to get pregnant, you should have sex during these days.
When you have an irregular cycle, its safest to resort to ovulation tests. These are sold in pharmacies, and you should make sure to follow the instructions very carefully. This is the best way to determine your fertile days, whether you want to prevent pregnancy or want to get pregnant.
What Exactly Is The Date Of Conception
The date of conception is the day that the egg and sperm meet.
Women who track their ovulation may know their exact date of conception. But for many women, date of conception can be tricky to pinpoint.
Sperm can live in a womans body for up to five days, and the ovum can live for up to 24 hours after being released. In other words, you have a six-day window where you could potentially get pregnant each month.
Do you already know your due date but want to know when you likely conceived? Try our reverse due date calculator.
Recommended Reading: Vagisil And Pregnancy
What Do I Need To Know About Using A Pregnancy Due Date Calculator
A due date calculator may not be completely accurate. This is especially true if you arent exactly sure when you had your last period, you have irregular periods or you dont know when you conceived. You should see your provider for a more precise test, such as an ultrasound, to confirm your due date.
When Did I Conceive Based On My Last Menstrual Period
Its nearly impossible to precisely know when you conceived based upon your LMP because the window of ovulation can vary considerably. Again, if you use a period tracker and have learned to recognize when youre ovulating, you can get a more accurate conception date.
If not, you can still guesstimate that you conceived approximately 11-21 days from the first day of your LMP.
The gold standard of measuring when you conceived is by ultrasound.
Read Also: Can You Donate Plasma When Pregnant
How To Use A Conception Calculator
You dont have to do much for using a conception calculator. All you have to do it type the length of the menstrual cycle and the first day of last period. When you will input this information, the calculator will generate the answer. If you want to calculate your gestational age, then add two weeks to the answer.
Special cases of having longer or shower cycles require extra steps. But that is why you calculate the date manually. Once you use an online conception calculator, it wont matter.
Conception Calculator Based On Lmp
The other method of using the pregnancy conception calculator is to provide the first day of your last menstruation and the average length of your menstrual cycle. The majority of cycles last around 28 days. However, typical values range between 21 and 35 days.
In cycles of 28 days, ovulation happens around 14 days before the beginning of the next cycle. So, if a cycle lasts 28 days, ovulation occurs the 14th day after the first day of the cycle . If it’s shorter, you subtract the corresponding number, e.g., for a 22 days cycle – ovulation occurs on the 8th day. If it’s longer, you add some days, e.g., for a 34 day cycle – ovulation is on the 20th day. For cycles longer than 35 days or shorter than 21 days, these calculations are not applicable and you should consult by a doctor. If you’re not sure how long your cycles are, leave the default number of 28 days.
When does conception happen? How long does conception take? The fertile window begins 3-5 days before the ovulation date, and ends one day after it. It means, to get pregnant, you should have intercourse within this time. Although sperm can survive up to 7 days inside a woman’s body, conception does not happen until ovulation. Therefore, conception day is the day of ovulation and might last for 24 hours after the egg is release. Therefore, the formula to estimate the conception date based on the LMP:
LMP + cycle length – 14 = conception date
You May Like: Restylane While Pregnant
How Accurate Is A Baby Due Date Calculator
A due date calculator is only an estimate. Your healthcare provider will examine you and your developing fetus to confirm your due date.
To get a more accurate idea of when your baby will be born, your provider will perform an ultrasound. During an ultrasound, your provider measures your baby. These measurements help your provider determine your babys gestational age and confirm your due date.
How Long Do Sperm Live
Sperm can live for up to five days inside of a woman’s body after intercourse. In some rare cases, and with perfect conditions, some sperm may even live up to seven days after intercourse!
Strong, healthy sperm can reach a woman’s fallopian tubes in as little as 30 minutes, while it may take others several days. If an egg is there within the 30 minutes, conception can occur right then. If the egg is not there yet, the sperm can live a few days in the fallopian tubes and fertilize the egg once it is released.
Read Also: Sore Breasts After Mirena Removal
Your Ivf Transfer Date
During IVF, your provider will retrieve your eggs, create embryos, then transfer the embryos into your uterus. Day 1 will depend on how many days after your egg retrieval that the embryo transfer occurs on.
In other words, you may have a standard 28-day cycle, or you might not. You might ovulate exactly two weeks after the first day of your period, but you might not. And since your menstrual cycle may vary, that can affect your due date.
An ultrasound scan can also provide some useful info and even shed a little more light on the gestational age. But the earlier that you get an ultrasound, the better, says Dr. Hoffman. That is, the closer to actual conception, the more accurate the ultrasound will be. We usually do a sonogram at the first visit, Dr. Hoffman says. Usually we see people at seven, eight or nine weeks, or sometimes six weeks.
What If Your Lmp Is Not Known Or Periods Are Irregular
The due date calculation works ideally if your periods are regular, i.e., if they follow a 28-day cycle.
If your periods are irregular or you do not remember your last period, you should wait for your first ultrasound pregnancy scan. Also known as a dating scan, it will provide the number of weeks remaining for your due date .
If the scan does not give the correct results, your doctor may ask you to wait for some more time. Ideally, the dating scan will be done between six and 13 weeks plus six days .
You May Like: Can You Donate Plasma While Breastfeeding