What Happens If You Get Pregnant With An Iud
An intrauterine device or an IUD is a form of contraception very frequently used by women to protect themselves from unwanted pregnancies. Its practical sides, availability, and protection rates are features that make this contraceptive method popular and used by many.
Why this occurs and what the potential next steps are the topics of todays blog post.
These questions can also be answered by professional staff, and the options when it comes to pregnancy care centers in Pembroke Pines, Florida, are many, but you only want the best. In choosing the best, make sure you also take a look at services offered by NuWave Womens Health because it is essential to get the best possible care when talking about contraception and unwanted pregnancies.
How Much Does An Iud Cost
The cost of an IUD can vary depending on your health insurance and the type of IUD. Many health insurance plans cover the costs, and family planning clinics may charge less, particularly for teens and young adults.
How Can I Be Pregnant With An Iud In Place
Its possible for an IUD to slip partly or completely out of your uterus. An unexpected pregnancy may occur if you have sexual intercourse without realizing your IUD has fallen out of place. Or, a pregnancy can happen if your IUD had not started working when intercourse took place.
Not all IUDs offer immediate protection against unexpected pregnancies. Hormonal IUDs like Mirena and Skyla can take up to seven days to become effective. Paragard is a copper IUD that usually begins working right away. But even this may fail if your IUD has been in place longer than the manufacturer recommends.
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Principal Findings Of This Study
Pregnancies with an IUD: 1) had a higher rate of MIAC and histologic chorioamnionitis 2) had a higher rate of intra-amniotic infection caused by Candida species 3) were associated with a higher rate of late miscarriage, preterm delivery, vaginal bleeding, clinical chorioamnionitis, and placental abruption and 4) had poorer neonatal outcomes in comparison to pregnancies without an IUD.
Learn More About Paragard
- Dont use Paragard if you are or may be pregnant, have fibroids, a pelvic infection including pelvic inflammatory disease , get infections easily, certain cancers, unexplained bleeding, Wilsons disease, or a copper allergy. IUDs, including Paragard, have been associated with an increased risk of PID.
- Pregnancy with Paragard is rare but can be life threatening and cause infertility or loss of pregnancy.
- Paragard may attach to or go through the uterus and cause other problems.
- Tell your healthcare provider if you develop severe pain or fever shortly after placement, miss a period, have abdominal pain, or if Paragard comes out. If it comes out, use backup birth control.
- Tell your HCP you have Paragard before having an MRI or a medical procedure using heat therapy.
- At first, periods may become heavier and longer with spotting in between.
- Additional common side effects include anemia, pain during sex, backache, and vaginal discharge.
- Paragard does not protect against HIV or STDs.
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What Causes An Iud To Fail
Your IUD may not prevent pregnancy if it:
- Falls out. If the IUD falls out of your , you arenât protected against pregnancy anymore. Itâs important to check for the strings connected to the IUD to make sure itâs still inside you.
- Moves out of place. An IUD can also be in the wrong position. It wonât properly protect you if it isnât correctly fitted inside your uterus.
- Expires. IUDs have expiration dates. If you keep one in longer than the suggested amount of time, you have a slightly higher chance of pregnancy. You probably wonât have any side effects if you keep an IUD in after it expires, but we need more research to safely recommend this option.
- Hasnât started to work. A copper IUD, like Paragard, begins to work right after the doctor inserts it. But hormonal IUDs, like Mirena, donât start to work for 7 days. Use backup birth control, like condoms, for those 7 days to prevent pregnancy.
Remind Me How Does An Iud Prevent Pregnancy
An IUD is a form of long-acting reversible contraception thats inserted in the uterus. Depending on the type of IUD, it can be left in place for three to 12 years.
There are two kinds of IUDs: hormonal and non-hormonal. . The hormonal IUDs release progestin. They work by thickening the mucus in the cervix, thinning the lining of the uterus ,slowing down the cilia inside the fallopian tube , and, sometimes, preventing ovulation. The copper in non-hormonal IUDs are toxic to sperm. And they do all of that to prevent an egg and the sperm from fertilizing.
IUDs are considered one of the most effective forms of reversible contraception that we have, said Dr. Addante. However, she said, nothing is completely foolproof. Barrier protection can provide extra protection. And unlike IUDs, condoms can also help prevent the spread of STIs.
What Device Migration Lawsuits Are There
Miriam Cruz filed her Mirena lawsuit when the device she had implanted in 2008 caused her severe pain years after implementation. Bayer claimed that the only way Mirena would migrate would be if the doctor made a mistake during placement. However, since Cruz did not suffer until several years after placement, it is evident that the device did in fact migrate. In her Mirena lawsuit, Cruz claimed that the company did not properly inform her of such risks and that the product was not properly represented when she chose to use it.
Melody Williams filed a Mirena lawsuit claiming that Bayer Pharmaceuticals was guilty of fraud, negligent misrepresentation, and failure to warn patients of dangerous side effects. Williams started experiencing severe abdominal pain and cramping within a year of her implantation. Her device was found to have migrated through her right fallopian tube and required surgery to have it removed.
Demographic Characteristics And Obstetrical Outcomes Of The Study Population
Table 1 presents the demographic characteristics and obstetrical outcomes of the study population. Pregnancies with an IUD had a significantly lower mean gestational age at delivery than those without an IUD , and were associated with a higher rate of spontaneous preterm labor, preterm PROM, and late spontaneous abortion . These results remained significant after adjustment for maternal age, parity, history of preterm birth, underlying medical condition, smoking status, and pre-pregnancy BMI. Moreover, pregnancies with an IUD were associated with a higher rate of vaginal bleeding, clinical chorioamnionitis, and placental abruption than those with an IUD. These results remained significant after adjustment for maternal age, parity, gestational age at delivery, underlying medical condition, smoking status, and pre-pregnancy BMI.
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Can You Still Get Pregnant With Mirena
Mirena is reported to be effective at preventing pregnancy over 99% of the time. If pregnancy occurs, however, the presence of hormones may damage a developing fetus which may result in miscarriage and may cause the uterus to become infected or septic, resulting in a septic abortion, an extremely dangerous condition. If pregnancy is allowed to proceed, there is a high risk of premature birth. If a pregnancy occurs during Mirena use, it is recommended that the woman undergo surgical zygote removal.
Though pregnancy is rare with Mirena use, an estimated half of Mirena-related pregnancies are ectopic pregnancies. An ectopic pregnancy is often called tubal pregnancy as it often involves fertilized egg implantation in one of the fallopian tubes but may occur in the cervix or other areas outside of the uterus.
An ectopic pregnancy is generally considered a medical emergency and often requires surgical removal of the fallopian tube which can result in infertility. Women who have had a previous ectopic pregnancy are at higher risk and should not use Mirena.
What Is Spontaneous Abortion?
What Is a Septic Abortion?
What Is an Ectopic Pregnancy?
Ectopic pregnancies are not considered viable and most often require surgical removal. If discovered early enough, surgical termination may be performed through laparoscopy, but emergency cases will usually require abdominal surgery.
What Are the Symptoms of an Ectopic Pregnancy?
- Rapid heart rate
- Abdominal swelling
Taking Steps If You Think You’re Pregnant
Did You Know? While home pregnancy tests are most effective once youve missed your period, some are accurate 4 or 5 days before your period is due.
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Gynecologist Located In Philadelphia Pa
The intrauterine device is often considered the gold standard for birth control. Itâs the most effective temporary form of birth control, and you can become pregnant again by merely having it removed. Christine Wu, MD in Philadelphia can help you decide if an IUD is right for your needs. Schedule an evaluation to talk to Dr. Wu about IUD options by calling the office or by booking online.
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What Is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Mirena also increases the risk for pelvic inflammatory disease , a severe bacterial infection that affects the uterus and other reproductive organs. The risk is highest during the first 20 days after placement and patients who have an existing vaginal infection at the time of Mirena placement are more likely to get PID.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is a bacterial infection that can result in damage to the female reproductive organs and may result in infertility if not treated. PID may also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy, a life-threatening occurrence. Untreated PID can result in the growth of painful scar tissue which necessitates surgical treatment and, in some cases, requires a total hysterectomy to remove all reproductive organs. Many PID patients continue to have severe pelvic pain long after the infection is resolved. Women who have PID are more likely to have it again and should not use Mirena or any IUD.
What Are the Symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?
- Yellowish or greenish vaginal discharge
- Tenderness or dull pain in the stomach or abdomen
Symptoms of PID should be treated right away to minimize permanent damage.
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How Does An Iud Work
The copper-coated IUD prevents pregnancy by not allowing the sperm to fertilize the egg. It may also make it harder for a fertilized egg to implant in the uterus.
An IUD coated with progestin works in a similar way, but also thickens the cervical mucus and thins the uterine lining. In some cases, it stops . This prevents sperm from fertilizing the egg and implanting.
A progestin IUD also can be used to help reduce blood flow if you have heavy or painful periods.
Signs Of Pregnancy With An Iud
If you become pregnant with an IUD, you might experience some typical pregnancy symptoms, such as nausea, fatigue, cravings, mood changes, tender breasts, and a missed period. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, low back pain, mid pain in the abdomen or pelvis, and mild cramping on one side of the pelvis.
If you do turn up pregnant, your doctor will need to determine the safest path going forward for you. “If an IUD is left in place, there are studies that show an increased risk of miscarriage, preterm delivery, and infection during and after labor, says Brauer. If an IUD can be removed easily, it may be best to remove it however, this also may increase the risk of miscarriage. Risks and benefits of each should be discussed with your doctor.”
Dr. Anate Brauer, a reproductive endocrinologist and IVF director at Shady Grove Fertility
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Improper Iud Placement Due To Migration
The proper placement is key to the IUDs effectiveness. Once you choose to use this form of birth control, your healthcare professional will place the device at the fundus of the uterus. This is the top of the organ in between where the fallopian tubes attach.
Unfortunately, even when an experienced doctor places the IUD accurately in place, the device can move into the cervix or other parts of the body. Women younger than 25 and those with severe period cramps or heavy bleeding are more at risk for this movement. Certain medications and herbal supplements have also been shown to interact with hormonal therapies.
The Iud Removal Process
IUD removal is a simple and quick procedure, but it must be done by your doctor. . No matter what type of IUD you have, you can have it removed at any time. A non-hormonal copper device should be removed after ten years. Hormonal devices have an expiration period that ranges from three to six years. With such a device, you must have it removed upon its expiration. Delaying its removal can complicate the removal process and can leave you unprotected against pregnancy. Leaving an IUD in past its expiration can also create serious health risks for you, such as an increased risk of an ectopic pregnancy, which can result if you become pregnant with an IUD in place.
Your first step in having an IUD removed is to consult with your doctor and schedule an appointment to have it removed. Removal can be done at any time of the month in your cycle. No drugs or anesthesia are needed. Removal is faster and easier than having the IUD inserted.
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Who Is An Iud Right For
IUDs are a good birth control option for many people, but aren’t recommended for someone:
- with PID or an active STD infection
- who is already pregnant or may be pregnant
- who has problems with her uterus, like a disease or malformation, or has abnormal bleeding
Experts recommend IUDs as a good birth control option for younger adults and teens because they last for many years, need no daily care, and are very effective at preventing pregnancy.
What About Getting Pregnant After Removing An Iud
Research shows that fertility returns quickly after the removal of an IUD, assuming there are no underlying fertility concerns.
If you have decided you want to try to conceive, give your OB-GYN a call to have your IUD removed and plan a preconception visit. Some doctors recommend waiting three months after removing an IUD to start trying to conceive to give your body time to bounce back to its usual menstrual cycle. Waiting can also help you get a sense of your cycle and fertile window and give you time to plan and get some healthy habits in place.
But according to Dr. Perez, there’s no medical need to wait: “You can ovulate and get pregnant the next month!” So, if you’re ready to become a parent and don’t want to wait, you can start trying the very first cycle after your IUD has been removed.
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Will I Get My Period With An Iud
Typically, one of the first signs of pregnancy is a missed period. But if you have an IUD, you may not be able to rely on that sign alone. Cristina Perez, M.D., an OB-GYN at the Women’s Specialists of Houston at Texas Children’s Pavilion for Women, explains that about 25% of menstruating people stop having their period while on Mirena .
The other type of IUD, ParaGard, relies on copper to prevent pregnancy. “ParaGard has no hormones,” Dr. Perez explains, so if you’re using it, you should still be getting your period as long as you’re not pregnant. Either way, if don’t get your period as expected and you could be pregnant, it’s a good idea to contact your doctor and take a pregnancy test, just in case.
How Do Iuds Work
Both copper IUDs and hormonal IUDs prevent pregnancy by changing the way sperm cells move so they canât get to an egg. If sperm cant make it to an egg, pregnancy cant happen.
The Paragard IUD uses copper to prevent pregnancy. Sperm doesnt like copper, so the Paragard IUD makes it almost impossible for sperm to get to that egg.
The hormones in the Mirena, Kyleena, Liletta, and Skyla IUDs prevent pregnancy in two ways: 1) they thicken the mucus that lives on the cervix, which blocks and traps the sperm, and 2) the hormones also sometimes stop eggs from leaving your ovaries , which means theres no egg for a sperm to fertilize. No egg, no pregnancy.
One of the awesome things about IUDs is that they last for years but theyre not permanent. If you decide to get pregnant or you just dont want to have your IUD anymore, your nurse or doctor can quickly and easily take it out. Youre able to get pregnant right after the IUD is removed.
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