Tell Me More About Mirena
Mirena is a hormone-releasing intrauterine device thats placed in your uterus to prevent pregnancy or treat heavy periods . It looks like a tiny T and works by releasing small amounts of the progestin hormone levonorgestrel directly into your uterus.
Having a hormonal IUD is great for those who dont want to worry about remembering to take a pill or get a shot. It can also help lessen or eliminate your period.
IUDs last for several years, and the Mirena can be left in for 5 to 6 years, depending on whether youre using it mainly for heavy flow control or to prevent pregnancy.
The Device Is Not Fully Effective Yet
The type of IUD that you have can impact when you can have sex without the worry of pregnancy. ParaGard is the only copper IUD available in the nation. It is also the only IUD that begins working the moment it is inserted. In fact, it is so effective at preventing pregnancy, that it can actually be used as a form of emergency contraception when placed in the uterus within five days of unprotected sex.
Conversely, hormonal IUDs require that the IUD insertion occurs within a week of the start of your period in order to be effective immediately. The Mayo Clinic notes that if any of these devices are inserted more than seven days after the start of your period, be sure to use backup contraception for one week. When this advice is not taken, pregnancy can occur.
Will I Get My Period With An Iud
Concerned that a missed period means you became pregnant with an IUD? Don’t fret just yet, says Cristina Perez, M.D., an OB-GYN at the Women’s Specialists of Houston at Texas Children’s Pavilion for Women. About 25% of menstruating people stop having their period while on Mirena , she says.
The other type of IUD, ParaGard, relies on copper to prevent pregnancy. “ParaGard has no hormones,” Dr. Perez explains, so if you’re using it, you should still be getting your period as long as you’re not pregnant. Either way, if don’t get your period as expected and you could be pregnant, it’s a good idea to contact your doctor and take a pregnancy test, just in case.
Also Check: What I Need To Know About Being Pregnant
How Can You Get Pregnant Using An Iud
A woman’s photo of her newborn baby just delivered, and with the intrauterine device that failed to prevent her pregnancy clenched in his tiny fist has gone viral. But how does a woman get pregnant while using an IUD?
The woman, Lucy Hellein of Fort Mitchell, Alabama, posted the photo of her newborn son to Facebook last week with the caption Mirena fail!” according to Metro.co.uk. A surgeon discovered the IUD behind the placenta during the delivery, according to Metro. Hellein told Metro that this was her third Mirena IUD, which she had inserted last summer. But in December, she found out she was 18 weeks pregnant. Her doctors initially assumed the IUD had fallen out, but then it turned up during her C-section.
An IUD is a type of long-acting, reversible contraception that is inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy.
Pregnancy among women who have IUDs is very rare. According to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists , IUDs are one of the most effective forms of birth control, with a failure rate of less than 1 percent during the first year of typical use. That’s about the same rate as sterilization procedures such as “tube tying,” ACOG said. According to Mirena, which makes a hormonal type of IUD, fewer than eight out of 1,000 women become pregnant over five years using the device.
Morning Sickness Or Nausea
That telltale, queasy feeling known as morning sickness can hit you at any time of day and it typically begins when youre about 6 weeks pregnant, though it can vary and strike even earlier. For most women, nausea starts by week 9.
Hormones, mainly increased levels of progesterone , can cause the stomach to empty more slowly, resulting in this early pregnancy symptom resembling seasickness.
Dont Miss: How Do You Get A Period
Don’t Miss: What To Expect At 31 Weeks Pregnant
How Is An Iud Removed
The arms of the IUD are flexible and will fold up as they come through your cervix, but you may feel a cramp. Removal is typically much less uncomfortable than insertion. If youd like to continue using an IUD, you can have a new one inserted during the same visit.
An IUD can be removed at any time during your menstrual cycle if youre ready to try to conceive. Make sure youve started taking prenatal vitamins and talk to your doctor about your medical history, medications, and need for any other screening prior to conceiving. If youre switching to another method of contraception, however, discuss the timing with your provider. You may need to start using your new method before the IUD is removed to make sure youre completely protected.
First A Quick Primer On How An Iud Works
An IUD, or intrauterine device, is a small, T-shaped piece of flexible plastic thats inserted into a womans uterus through a quick procedure. The insertion process feels different for everyone. For some women, especially those whove already given birth, insertion is a minor annoyance.
For others, however, it can be rather painful, especially if the doctor needs to call in tools like dilators to further open up your cervix in order to get the IUD placed in the proper spot. The good news, though, is that the worst discomfort should be over in a matter of minutes. But you might experience cramping or spotting for three to six months after insertion, according to Planned Parenthood.
A hormonal IUD, like the Mirena, works to prevent pregnancy by releasing the hormone progestin, which thickens the mucus in the cervix to stop sperm from fertilizing an egg. It also keeps the lining of the uterus thin so its not a hospitable environment for fertilization, explains Sherry A. Ross, MD, ob-gyn and author of She-ology: The Definitive Guide to Womens Intimate Health. Period.
Recommended Reading: Can You Still Cramp And Be Pregnant
Who Can Use An Iud
Most people with a womb can use an IUD.
A GP or nurse will ask about your medical history to check if an IUD is suitable for you.
The IUD may not be suitable if you:
- think you might be pregnant
- have an untreated STI or a pelvic infection
- have problems with your womb or cervix
- have unexplained bleeding between periods or after sex
People who have had an ectopic pregnancy or who have an artificial heart valve must consult their GP or clinician before having an IUD fitted.
Period Pains But No Period: Could I Be Pregnant
Period symptoms but no period might actually be a sign of pregnancy. This is because when the embryo implants into the uterine lining, cramping may occur. Following this, breast tenderness, headaches, fatigue, and more symptoms occur as the body begins going through various changes to carry the fetus. If you suspect this might be what youre experiencing, watch for these signs of pregnancy.
A pregnancy test can detect pregnancy as early as 10 days after conception. But there are things that can make a positive urine home pregnancy test inaccurate, and here are some of them:
- Not following test instructions or misinterpreting the results
- Blood or protein in the urine
It is also possible for a negative home urine test to be wrong:
- Taking a test too early or checking results too quickly
- Diluted urine
- The hook effect, which is something that happens when there are so many hCG molecules in the urine that they prevent the test from working properly. They are simply washed off the test, so the result will be negative.
However, the absence of menstruation doesnt necessarily mean youre pregnant. There are lots of things that can cause period symptoms like cramps without actually having periods.
Recommended Reading: 90 Day Employee Probationary Period Template
Recommended Reading: Can Vitamin C Prevent Pregnancy
How Do You Tell If You Are Pregnant With An Iud
If a woman becomes pregnant while using an IUD, they may notice some typical pregnancy symptoms particularly if the embryo has implanted in the uterus. These symptoms may include: nausea. fatigue.These can include:
Is it normal to have period symptoms with IUD?
IUDs can affect a persons period in several ways. Both types of IUD can cause heavy or irregular bleeding immediately after insertion. Any additional menstrual changes and symptoms a female experiences will depend mainly on the type of IUD. Those who have a hormonal IUD may experience lighter or irregular periods.
Should you remove IUD if pregnant?
However, while taking out the IUD improves the pregnancy outcome, there is still a higher risk of pregnancy complications compared to patients who never had an IUD in place. For most women whose IUD strings are visible through the cervix, we recommend removal of the IUD at the first visit.
What Happens When You Stop Taking Copper Iuds
Over time, when you stop using the IUD, your body will return to what it was before you had it. So if your periods get harder with the copper IUD, it will go back to what was normal for you before the IUD was placed. If you stop having your period with your hormonal IUD, your period will eventually return after the IUD is inserted.
Also Check: Usaa New Car Grace Period
Don’t Miss: How To Control Pregnancy Hormones
Are There Any Problems With Iuds
The most common side effects of the IUD include:
- irregular bleeding for the first few months
- with the copper IUD, heavier periods with more cramps
- lighter and shorter periods with some kinds of progestin IUDs
- PMS-like symptoms such as moodiness, headaches, acne, nausea, and breast tenderness with the hormonal IUD
Rare problems include:
Expulsion. An IUD can come out of the uterus by accident . Sometimes a woman doesn’t know this has happened. If an IUD comes even part of the way out, it does not protect against pregnancy. After someone has an IUD inserted, she’ll need to go back for a follow-up visit to check that the IUD is properly in place.
Perforation of the uterus. There’s an extremely small risk that an IUD might push through the wall of the uterus while it is being put in.
Pelvic inflammatory disease . There’s a very low risk of infection from bacteria getting into the uterus during IUD insertion. Most such infections happen in the first 20 days after placement of the IUD.
Is It Actually Possible
Yes, you can get pregnant while using an IUD but its rare.
IUDs are more than 99 percent effective. This means that less than 1 out of every 100 people who have an IUD will become pregnant.
All IUDs hormonal, non-hormonal, or copper have a similar failure rate.
Read on to learn why this happens, your options for emergency contraception, when to take a pregnancy test, and more.
Don’t Miss: How Long After Birth Control Can I Get Pregnant
Vaginal Bleeding During Pregnancy
Although you cant have an actual period while pregnant, you can experience vaginal bleedingwhich is often mistaken for a period. Bleeding in pregnancy may be dark brown discharge, spotting light pink, or heavy and bright red similar to or more than a period, says Dr. Steve Rad, MD, FACOG, of the Los Angeles Fetal & Maternal Care Center. It may or may not be accompanied by pain, but painless bleeding can still be equally dangerous!
You Have Pain Even Though The Iud Is In
One sign of pregnancy that absolutely shouldn’t be ignored is pain, especially in your abdomen. “If you are having abdominal or pelvic pain that does not go away with over the counter pain medications, or you are having heavy vaginal bleeding, you need to be evaluated immediately,” explains Dr. Farid. Unfortunately, pain can be a sign of something more worrisome. Women who do get pregnant while using an IUD have an increased risk of an ectopic pregnancy, which is very risky for a woman’s health.”
Heres how it happens. During an ectopic pregnancy, the fertilized egg doesnt grow in the uterus , but rather in the fallopian tube, although it can occur in the ovary, or even the cervix, the Mayo Clinic reported. It can lead to pelvic or abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, and pregnancy loss. And if you experience sudden severe pain in your abdomen, shoulder, or lower back, or feel cramping on one side of your pelvis, or even faint, you should go to the emergency room, ACOG reported.
Recommended Reading: What’s The Best Early Pregnancy Test
Though It Rarely Ever Occurs People With Iuds Can Get Pregnant For A Few Reasons
The one thats really in your control: Keeping your IUD past its removal deadline.
You may be more likely to get pregnant if you dont remove your IUD per the manufacturer-approved timeline, Jessica Shepherd, M.D., a minimally-invasive gynecologist at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas, tells SELF. How long is too long to keep your IUD past its deadline?
Whats interesting about this is that some research shows IUDs are actually effective past their manufacturer-approved expiration dates, but only in certain populations . For instance, a 2014 review in the journal Contraception found that Mirena was actually effective for up to seven years when its only recommended up to five, but these results were specifically in people who were at least 25 with children at the time of insertion. In that same demographic, Paragard was effective for up to 12 years . But, on the other hand, no evidence showed that Skyla was effective past its three-year deadline in any group of people.
Can I Take 2 Pill Packets Back To Back
You can take up to three packets back to back. However some women do experience breakthrough bleeding or spotting and can feel bloated. Most combined contraceptive pills can be taken back-to-back to delay your period, including Microgynon, Rigevidon, Cilest and Yasmin.
Can I run two pill packets together?
Run together packets. Women often do this to avoid periods on holiday and it is fine to do. For example, take 3 packets of pills in a row and then have a 4 day break. Some women can run more than 3 packets together before break through bleeding starts and some prefer to run together just 2 packets.
Dont Miss: What Are The Best Period Underwear
Recommended Reading: What Month Should I Get Pregnant
Pregnancy & Intrauterine Devices
While extremely rare, pregnancy can occur with an IUD. If you find yourself in this scenario, it is imperative that you talk to your OG-GYN immediately. Unfortunately, when you get a positive result on a home pregnancy test with an IUD in place, a large percentage of the time the pregnancy is extrauterine. More commonly referred to as ectopic pregnancy, this is a life-threatening condition that needs to be addressed immediately.
That is not to say that all pregnancies will turn out this way, but it is always best to err on the side of caution since the risk of ectopic pregnancy is higher in women who use an IUD as their main form of contraception. Your doctor will conduct an ultrasound and an exam to determine if the pregnancy is viable or not.
If they determine that the implantation occurred effectively, you can go on to have a healthy pregnancy. In this instance, it is recommended that the IUD is removed immediately. This will allow you to achieve an optimal outcome for you and your baby.
Research shows that women who conceived with an IUD in place and chose to continue the pregnancy without removing the IUD need close follow-up, as there appears to be a higher risk of adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcome. This is especially true when the IUD has moved out of place and into the cervix. This position can increase your risk of miscarriage.
Getting Pregnant After Removing An Iud
Research shows that fertility returns quickly after the removal of an IUD, assuming there are no underlying fertility concerns.
If you have decided you want to try to conceive, give your OB-GYN a call to have your IUD removed and plan a preconception visit. Some doctors recommend waiting three months after removing an IUD to start trying to conceive to give your body time to bounce back to its usual menstrual cycle. Waiting can also help you get a sense of your cycle and fertile window and give you time to plan and get some healthy habits in place.
But according to Dr. Perez, there’s no medical need to wait: “You can ovulate and get pregnant the next month!” So, if you’re ready to become a parent and don’t want to wait, you can start trying the very first cycle after your IUD has been removed.
Read Also: How Can I Up My Chances Of Getting Pregnant
How Does Mirena Work
Mirena birth control works by releasing levonorgestrel. This hormone thins the lining of the uterus. It also thickens the mucus in the cervix.
As a result, sperm has a hard time moving and surviving in the uterus. This prevents pregnancy.
The thinning of the uterine lining can also reduce or stop menstrual bleeding.
Recommended Reading: Can I Drink Breakfast Essentials While Pregnant
Foreign Body Reactions: The Iuds Last Line Of Defense
While the primary methods of action for IUDs are outlined above, both types of IUD also have a secondary line of defense known as a âforeign body reaction.â
So, what exactly is a foreign body reaction? It may sound serious, but itâs actually a process that keeps bodies healthy. And in this case, it works to prevent pregnancy. When a foreign object is inserted into the human body, the body responds by causing inflammation in the area .
The body sends white blood cells into the uterus to prevent infection from the IUD .
The result is inflammation. Theoretically, this inflammation inside the uterus makes it difficult for an embryo to implant inside the lining of the uterus . However, this serves as a last possible line of defense against pregnancy, because IUDs greatly reduce the risk for fertilization in the first place by preventing sperm from reaching an egg as well as making cellular changes to the egg the fertilization process .
Further, there is evidence that even if an egg is fertilized, it doesnât undergo normal developmental processes and thus wonât develop into an embryo .
Also Check: What Are Some Pregnancy Cravings