How Much Calcium Daily Pregnant
How much calcium daily pregnant? While youre pregnant, try to get at least 1,000 mg of calcium every day. If youre 18 or younger, then you need at least 1,300 mg of calcium every day. Dairy foods such as milk, cheese, and yogurt are some of the best sources of calcium. Dark, leafy green vegetables also have calcium but in much smaller amounts.
When should a pregnant woman take calcium? Getting enough calcium in your diet is especially important during the last three months of your pregnancy, when your baby is growing quickly and has the greatest need for calcium. Calcium can also reduce your risk of hypertension and preeclampsia.
What happens if you dont take calcium during pregnancy? Not getting enough calcium during pregnancy makes you more susceptible to osteoporosis, a condition causing brittle bones. Many women recover lost bone mass after pregnancy and breastfeeding, but its still a good idea to stay ahead of the game and bone up on calcium during pregnancy.
Does calcium restrict blood vessels? Plaque, which is a collection of calcium, cholesterol, and fat, can build up in these vessels. Over time, this build up can restrict blood flow to the heart, causing a heart attack or a stroke. This disease is known as Coronary Artery Disease.
Why Calcium Is Important During Pregnancy
Women who dont get enough calcium may be at risk for increased bone turnover during pregnancy. Without enough calcium, the body steals it from the bones which leads to bone loss. But adequate calcium intake is associated with improved calcium balance, providing a protective effect against bone loss during pregnancy.
Research shows that calcium supplementation in pregnancy has the potential to decrease the risk of developing hypertensive disorders during pregnancy, which are associated with preterm birth, the leading cause of early neonatal and infant mortality.
Additionally, a systematic review of 13 clinical trials involving 15,730 pregnant women concluded that pregnant women consuming low amounts of calcium could reduce their risk of preeclampsia by 3165% if they consumed an additional 1,000 mg of calcium each day. The study found good quality evidence that calcium supplementation with high doses during pregnancy is a safe and relatively cheap way of reducing the risk of preeclampsia. Although extremely encouraging, more studies are needed to confirm these findings.
Foods Rich In Calcium
Where is football found?
In milk and all its derivatives, in which a highly available form is present, but also in dried fruit, vegetables of the cruciferous family and legumes.
– foods that provide calcium therefore include
- dairy products such as milk, cheese and yogurt ,
- dark green leafy vegetables,
- some foods are fortified with calcium, such as some breakfast cereals, breads, fruit juices, or soy drinks.
Read Also: How Long Until First Signs Of Pregnancy
Can High Calcium Damage Brain
Hypercalcemia can interfere with how your brain works, resulting in confusion, lethargy and fatigue. It can also cause depression. Heart. Rarely, severe hypercalcemia can interfere with your heart function, causing palpitations and fainting, indications of cardiac arrhythmia, and other heart problems.
Why You May Not Need Morecalcium While Pregnant
Whats unique about calcium when compared to other vitamins and minerals is that your calcium status is less vulnerable to dietary fluctuations. Instead, your bone tissue is constantly undergoing cycles of breakdown and repair, depositing and absorbing calcium as needed to keep circulating levels constant.
During pregnancy, your body continues this vigilant control over calcium levels with the following adaptations:
These inherent processes that keep calcium levels under tight control doesn’t mean you can ignore calcium you still need to get the recommended 1,000 mg per day, from food or supplementation. And other bone-building nutrients that work synergistically with calcium, like vitamin D, can help with calcium absorption and bone mineralization.*
Also Check: How To Keep Weight After Pregnancy
How Can You Boost Your Calcium Intake During Pregnancy
Before you take steps to boost your calcium levels, you must know how much calcium you need during pregnancy. Pregnancy does not increase the requirement of calcium. If you are an adult woman , you must intake 1000 mg calcium throughout your pregnancy and breastfeeding.
For minors, the quantity increases to 1300 mg per day.
Read Also: Can U Donate Plasma While Pregnant
Calcium Transfer From Mother To Fetus
Folic acid, also known as folate, is a B vitamin that is important for pregnant women. Folic acid may help prevent major birth defects of the fetuss brain and spine called neural tube defects .
When you are pregnant you need 600 micrograms of folic acid each day. Because its hard to get this much folic acid from food alone, you should take a daily prenatal vitamin with at least 400 micrograms starting at least 1 month before pregnancy and during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Women who have had a child with an NTD should take 4 milligrams of folic acid each day as a separate supplement at least 3 months before pregnancy and for the first 3 months of pregnancy. You and your ob-gyn or other obstetric care provider can discuss whether you need to supplement with more than 400 micrograms daily.
Iron is used by your body to make the extra blood that you and your fetus need during pregnancy. Women who are not pregnant need 18 mg of iron per day. Pregnant women need more, 27 mg per day. This increased amount is found in most prenatal vitamins.
Calcium is a mineral that builds your fetuss bones and teeth. Women who are age 18 or younger need 1,300 mg of calcium per day. Women who are 19 or older need 1,000 mg per day.
Give you energy
Donât Miss: Allergies Early Sign Of Pregnancy
Don’t Miss: How To Know How Many Days Pregnant You Are
Types Of Calcium Supplements
Calcium supplements include:
- Prenatal vitamins: While they usually contain a little calcium, its not enough to cover your daily requirement. You will still have to get calcium through your diet. Different brands have different amounts of vitamins and minerals, so check the label and talk to your doctor.
- Calcium citrate: Your doctor may recommend a calcium citrate supplement if you are having trouble getting enough calcium or you are at risk for high blood pressure in pregnancy.
- Calcium carbonate: Calcium carbonate is the active ingredient in some antacids such as Tums. Let your doctor know if you use Tums to relieve heartburn and follow your doctors advice on how to take it. Depending on how many times you take Tums each day and your overall diet, you could be getting too much calcium.
Calcium And Infant Health
Interpreting the effect of maternal calcium intake during pregnancy on infant bone density measured during the postpartum period is challenging. In a clinical trial conducted by Koo et al., 256 women were randomized before 22 weeks gestation to 2 g/day of elemental calcium or placebo until delivery. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measurements of the whole body and lumbar spine of the neonates were performed within the first week of life. The total body bone mineral content was significantly greater in infants born to calcium-supplemented mothers than that in the placebo group . Maternal calcium supplementation averaging 1300 mg/day from midpregnancy to term can enhance fetal bone mineralization in women with low calcium intake .
Don’t Miss: Can You Drink While Pregnant
When To Take Them
If you are not getting what you need in your daily diet, you may need to take a supplement, especially if youre having trouble getting enough calcium because of:
- Severe nausea and vomiting
- A diet that doesnt include dairy products
- Health conditions such as IBS or celiac disease
Be sure to talk to your doctor before starting any new supplement on your own. While you want to be sure youre getting enough calcium, you’ll also want to be sure that you arent getting too much.
Let your doctor know if you are already taking an over-the-counter prenatal vitamin, calcium supplement, or antacid. Your doctor will advise you about the safest supplements or provide you with a prescription for what you need.
How Much Calcium Is Too Much When Pregnant
If you are pregnant, you should not take more than 2,500 mg of calcium per day however, if you are 18 or younger, you should take 3,000 mg. Before making any adjustments to your diet or lifestyle, you should consult with your primary care physician if you are worried that you may already be getting an adequate amount of calcium. This Week Will Be Your First Trimester!
Don’t Miss: Can Blood Test Detect Early Pregnancy
How Much Calcium During Pregnancy
Calcium may be found in a variety of foods, but some of the finest sources of calcium include dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt.
Dietary Intake Of Calcium
Average daily dietary intakes of the 255 study subjects from North India were as follows: energy 1563 Â± 267 kcal protein 48.7 Â± 8.7 g fat 31.3 Â± 9.3 g and calcium 543.7 Â± 161.3 mg. Diets were typically cereal based with a very low intake of protective foods such as milk and milk products, flesh foods, fish, fruits and vegetables. Animal sources of protein were consumed irregularly .
Women who chronically consume low amounts of calcium may be at risk for increased bone turnover during pregnancy. If diet does not provide enough calcium, then body steals it from the bones. Dietary calcium intake has a negative correlation with bone resorption markers. High calcium intake is associated with improved calcium balance, perhaps providing a protective effect against bone loss during pregnancy.
Zeni et al. reported that as dietary calcium intake increased in women with previously low intakes, production of 1-a-hydroxylase was upregulated to increase activation of 1,252D, resulting in increased calcium absorption. This increase in calcium absorption decreased markers of bone resorption. This suggests that an increase in 1,25 2D may allow the maternal skeleton to store calcium in advance of peak fetal demands later in pregnancy.
National dietary surveys of American Diet Association have reported that the median calcium intake of women of reproductive age is 467 mg/day for African-American women and 642 mg/day for Caucasian women .
Don’t Miss: When Can You Get Pregnancy Symptoms
Which Foods Contain Calcium
The bioavailability of calcium varies from food to food and depends on other nutrients present2.
Dairy foods are a rich source of calcium with good bioavailability. Choose low sugar, unsweetened whenever possible.
If youre using dairy alternatives, such as nut milks or soya drinks, its best to choose unsweetened versions that are fortified with calcium, and other vitamins.
Other good sources of calcium during pregnancy include cereals, green, leafy vegetables and fish.
Believe it or not, skimmed milk provides just as much calcium as whole milk? Thats because calcium is found in the liquid part of milk, so its not removed when the fat content is skimmed off.
When Should I Take Calcium Supplements
Although its always a good idea to get an early start, its important to remember that most babies do not start to absorb a large amount of calcium until the second half of pregnancy. As the baby develops, pregnant mothers should begin to take notes of the amount of calcium that they consume on a day-to-day basis.
Those who are not getting enough calcium should look into either adding more calcium-rich foods into their meals or taking calcium supplements. As pregnancy can come with some weird surprises, its always a good idea to start incorporating these supplements and foods earlier on during the pregnancy.
Recommended Reading: Is It Ok To Lose Weight During Pregnancy
Calcium Metabolism During Pregnancy
During the course of pregnancy, a remarkable series of physiologic changes occur, aimed at preserving maternal homeostasis while at the same time providing for fetal growth and development. These changes which have direct implications on calcium metabolism include falling albumin level, expansion of extracellular fluid volume, increase in renal function and placental calcium transfer. Calcium homeostasis is a complex process involving calcium and three calcitropic hormonesparathyroid hormone, calcitonin and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D 3 2D). Total serum concentrations fall during pregnancy due to hemodilution. This fall mainly occurs in albumin bound fraction of the total calcium and due to fall in serum albumin. Ionized calcium levels do not differ from that in non-pregnant women. However, constant blood levels of calcium are maintained by homeostatic control mechanism. Calcium homeostatic response during pregnancy includes increase in intestinal calcium absorption, increase in urinary excretion of calcium and increase bone turnover. The skeleton of a newborn baby contains approximately 2030 g of calcium . The bulk of fetal skeletal growth takes place from midpregnancy onward, with maximal calcium accretion occurring during the third trimester.
Why You Need Calcium During Pregnancy
When you’re pregnant, your developing baby needs calcium to build strong bones and teeth. Calcium also helps your baby grow a healthy heart, nerves, and muscles as well as develop a normal heart rhythm and blood-clotting abilities. Getting enough calcium in your diet is especially important during the last three months of your pregnancy, when your baby is growing quickly and has the greatest need for calcium.
Calcium can also reduce your risk of hypertension and preeclampsia. And if you don’t get enough calcium in your diet when you’re pregnant, your baby will draw it from your bones, which may impair your own health later.
Also Check: How To Get Pregnant After 35
What Nutrients Do Pregnant Or Breastfeeding Women Need
Here are some of the essential nutrients that will help you and your baby thrive. They’re found in fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts, beans, dairy products, and lean meats. Your doctor may also recommend a daily prenatal multivitamin with iron.
Calcium helps build strong bones and teeth, and plays an important role in helping the circulatory, muscular, and nervous systems work properly. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should get 1,000 mg of calcium a day. Healthy sources of calcium include low-fat dairy products, calcium-fortified orange juice and milk-alternatives, cereals, and kale.
Eating carbohydrates helps provide energy to support the growth and development of a baby and, after delivery, breastfeeding. The best sources of carbs are whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, which also are good sources of fiber. Try to limit refined carbs like white flour and white rice and added sugars.
Fiber is a nutrient that can help ease the constipation thats common during pregnancy. Whole grains and fruits, vegetables, and legumes are good sources of fiber.
Folic acid helps with the development of a baby’s brain and spinal cord. It’s also needed to make red blood cells and white blood cells. Women who get at least 400 micrograms of folic acid daily before conception and during early pregnancy can reduce the risk that their baby will be born with a neural tube defect .
When Should A Pregnant Woman Start Using Calcium
During the latter three months of your pregnancy, when your baby is developing rapidly and has the greatest demand for calcium, it is very vital to ensure that you get an adequate amount of calcium through your food. Calcium has been shown to lower the chances of developing hypertension as well as preeclampsia.
Also Check: What Helps With Back Pain In Pregnancy
Can I Have Vitamin D While Pregnant
The study confirmed vitamin D at this level is not only safe for you, but for your baby, and the researchers from this study now recommend this daily dosage of vitamin D for all pregnant women. The average prenatal vitamin only contains 400 IU of vitamin D, so additional supplementation should be taken daily.
Why Calcium Helps A Pregnancy
Moms who dont consume enough calcium during pregnancy may experience some complications. When you consume plenty of calcium, it can help you have an easier pregnancy thats more comfortable for you. When it comes time to deliver your baby, if you choose to breastfeed, keep your calcium intake high while you lactate.
Theres a lot to gain from making sure youre getting enough calcium while pregnant!
Below, well discuss a few ways that calcium can help your pregnancy.
Don’t Miss: Is Spotting Normal In Pregnancy
How Much Calcium Do You Need A Day
There is a daily requirement of 1000 milligrams of calcium for pregnant and nursing mothers, whereas there is a daily requirement of 1300 milligrams of calcium for pregnant and nursing adolescents. Because of this, many people are curious about the natural sources of calcium.
Calcium Content Of Supplements
Median calcium intake from supplement use at 8 weeks of gestation was 120 mg/ day among users .
The median calcium intake from prenatal vitamins at 8 weeks of gestation was 120 mg/day . The calcium content of various calcium-containing prenatal vitamins ranged from 60 to 326 mg calcium per tablet. Three of twenty-three prenatal vitamins did not contain calcium.
For general multivitamins, the median calcium intake was 103 mg/day at 8 weeks of gestation. The content of the 66 reported general multivitamins ranged from 10 to 500 mg per tablet and 18 reported general multivitamins did not contain any calcium.
The median calcium intake from calcium supplements at 8 weeks of gestation was 337 mg/day . The content of reported calcium supplements ranged from 240 to 1000 mg calcium per tablet.
Read Also: When Is Getting Pregnant Most Likely