How To Tell If I M Pregnant With An Iud

The Iud Is Making A Comeback


Later, at home, I took a pregnancy test, the kind with two dark lines for positive. I remember taking those tests over and over, trying for our first. Squinting, willing a second line into existence. I am glad those days are over. I was taking the test because my breasts were hot and sore and my period was late. I was taking the test so I could stop that little worm of worry that kept getting into my throat. I have an IUD there was only a slim chance. Such a wafer of a chance. And besides, my husband and I were done. We were past done. I was just starting to get myself back: Id lost the baby weight and then some I was writing again my days werent filled with the carrying of children. Often, my arms were empty, and that felt like freedom.

Days with my children are both routine and freewheeling, bursting with creativity and mired in drudgery. Every moment feels untidy, unkempt, pre-defined, both beyond my control and demanding of it. My child complained that I was taking too long. I was rushing around my head, planning lunch and naps and maybe a brief, quiet window of writing. Then they bloomed before me, life emphatic, a yes to the question I never even wanted to ask.

Two dark lines.

No, was my immediate response.

Id made the requisite follow-up appointment to have the IUD placement checked. But I never went to that appointment, likely fearing the return of the sadness I felt in that white room, how out of my reach any semblance of control in my life felt.



Dangers Of An Iud Pregnancy

With any concerns at any time, Brauer advises calling your doctor, especially if you think you’re pregnant with an IUD in place. “The first step is to determine where the pregnancy is. If it’s an ectopic pregnancy , management is the same, with medical and surgical options regardless of the IUD. If the pregnancy is confirmed to be a viable intrauterine pregnancy, management depends on whether or not the pregnancy is desired.”

Though IUD patients are not at higher risk for an ectopic pregnancy simply because they have an IUD, there is a higher likelihood that a pregnancy with an IUD in place could be ectopic. If left untreated, an ectopic pregnancy is potentially life-threatening. The tissue will need to be removed with either medication, laparoscopic surgery, or abdominal surgery, depending on the symptoms and when the ectopic pregnancy is discovered, per the Mayo Clinic.

Thankfully, even the most restrictive abortion laws protect the pregnant person in the event of an ectopic pregnancy, despite other rules and regulations surrounding abortion and/or birth control. Brauer adds that the “risk of an ectopic pregnancy is extremely low with any use of birth control, including IUDs.”

What Are The Chances Of Pregnancy With An Iud

Thankfully, the odds of conceiving with an IUD inserted is extremely low. “IUDs are very effective,” says Dr. Culwell. “In general, less than 1 percent of women with an IUD get pregnant each year.” In fact, the five brands of IUDs approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in the U.S. are all more than 99 percent effective at preventing pregnancy, according to the companies.

Of course, you can further minimize the chances of pregnancy with an IUD by also using condoms, which have a 13 percent typical failure rate, according to the CDC. This form of contraception blocks sperm from entering the uterus and thus prevents pregnancy and, unlike IUDs, also prevents STI transmission, per the CDC.

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Are There Chances Of Getting Pregnant With An Iud

Although intrauterine devices are one of the most effective forms of birth control, their rate of being effective rate is about 98%. Therefore, there is a narrow margin, and it is observed that the odds of pregnancy with IUD are 3 cases out of 100. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says that the failure rate of IUDs during the first year of use is less than 1%, the same as sterilisation procedures liketube tying. In rare cases where pregnancies do occur, its usually caused by the device slipping partly or completely out of place. In fewer cases, the IUD may move and become embedded in the uterus and lose its effectiveness.

Con: Iuds Dont Protect Against Stds

IUD (insertion and removal)

The IUD works by creating an environment in your uterus thats inhospitable to sperm and conception. Depending on the type of IUD, your uterine lining thins, your cervical mucus thickens, or you stop ovulating.

If you or your partner is at risk for STDs, always use a condom in addition to your IUD. Condoms lower, but dont eliminate, the risk for STDs, so ask your OB/GYN about other safer-sex practices, too.

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Signs Of Pregnancy With Mirena Iud

The signs of pregnancy with Mirena are the same as signs of any regular pregnancy. You will experience breast tenderness, nausea, fatigue, mild cramps, and light spotting along with missed periods. Some of these symptoms are similar to Mirena side effects. Threfore, you should check with a doctor to find the reason. You may also take a home pregnancy test if you missed your period.

An at-home pregnancy test may not indicate pregnancy as early as a blood test. Only the tests at a clinic can rightly detect a pregnancy.

Next, we answer some common queries that come up with Mirena usage.

Principal Findings Of This Study

Pregnancies with an IUD: 1) had a higher rate of MIAC and histologic chorioamnionitis 2) had a higher rate of intra-amniotic infection caused by Candida species 3) were associated with a higher rate of late miscarriage, preterm delivery, vaginal bleeding, clinical chorioamnionitis, and placental abruption and 4) had poorer neonatal outcomes in comparison to pregnancies without an IUD.

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What To Do Once You Get Pregnant With A Birth Control Iud

If you suspect that you are pregnant, you should take a home pregnancy test first. These are available over the counter, and they can diagnose pregnancy even at its earlier stage.

If you have gotten a negative result but you are still worried, call your doctor who can confirm it for you or do additional tests if necessary.

Additionally, if you experience uncommon symptoms or suspect that the test is not accurate, you should see a doctor as well.

But if you got a positive result following the pregnancy test, make an appointment with and inform an ob-gyn or other health care provider and be sure to explain your situation.

The ob-gyn may order an ultrasound and perform urine or blood tests to confirm the results and discuss with you the next steps you should take from there.

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Amniotic Fluid Sample Collection

*EMOTIONAL* I GOT PREGNANT WITH AN IUD | Pregnant with Baby #2 | Taylor Lindsay

Amniocentesis was performed at the discretion of the treating physician. Amniotic fluid samples were obtained by transabdominal amniocentesis or at the time of Cesarean delivery. All specimens were cultured for the presence of microorganisms including aerobic and anaerobic bacteria as well as genital Mycoplasmas. White blood cell count, glucose concentration, and Gram stain were also performed shortly after collection as previously described . Intra-amniotic infection was defined as a positive amniotic fluid culture for microorganisms. Intra-amniotic inflammation was diagnosed by an amniotic fluid WBC count more than 50 cells/mm3 .

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Risks If Pregnancy Occurs With An Iud

Because IUDs are so effective at preventing intrauterine pregnancies, if a pregnancy does occur, theres a higher likelihood that it developed outside the uterus. For this reason, if you do become pregnant while using an IUD, you should be evaluated for an ectopic pregnancy.

“The chance of getting pregnant with an IUD is rare,” says Dr. Cackovic. “However, if you do get pregnant with an IUD in place, it’s more likely to be ectopic pregnancy as they primarily occur in the fallopian tubes, away from the contraceptive effect of the device.”

It also is important to understand that you are not at an increased risk for ectopic pregnancy just because you might have an IUD. Pregnancy, if it does occur, is just more than likely to occur outside the uterus with an IUD. For this reason, you should be evaluated right away if you suspect you are pregnant. ” can be very dangerous and cause life-threatening hemorrhage if undiagnosed and untreated,” Dr. Cackovic says.

Conversely, if it is an intrauterine pregnancy and not an ectopic pregnancy, it is generally recommended that the IUD be removed, Dr. Cackovic adds. But even after removal, there are some additional risks associated with pregnancy with an IUD.

“If there is an intrauterine pregnancy with an IUD in place, there are increased risks for miscarriage, infections such as septic abortion and chorioamnionitis, preterm birth, and abruption,” Dr. Meng says.

Risks From Pregnancy With An Iud

While pregnancy with an IUD is uncommon, it can be dangerous for the pregnant person and the fetus. In some cases, a pregnancy with an IUD may result in an ectopic pregnancy.

An ectopic pregnancy is a rare condition in which the egg attaches to tissue outside of the uterus, such as the lining of the fallopian tubes. If this type of pregnancy isnt removed, it can cause tears, bleeding, and even death.

Becoming pregnant with an IUD in place increases your risk of:

  • Infection of the fluids and tissue around the fetus
  • Slow growth of the fetus
  • Early membrane rupture
  • Low birth weight

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Resolving Mirena Ectopic Pregnancy

A ruptured ectopic pregnancy is treated as a medical emergency due to risk of life-threatening hemorrhage or blood loss. Surgery will be performed to control internal bleeding and may include removal of the fallopian tubes and other involved tissue, resulting in termination of the pregnancy.

If ectopic pregnancy is discovered prior to rupture, removal of the device and termination of the pregnancy will be recommended. Termination may be performed through laparoscopy and a medication known as methotrexate may be used to assist in dissolution of the pregnancy. In some cases, removal of the fallopian tube may also be required even when rupture has not occurred. This may have an impact future fertility.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Iud

14 (Very) Early Pregnancy Symptoms

Although an IUD is an effective method of contraception, there are some things to consider before having one fitted.


  • It protects against pregnancy for 5 or 10 years, depending on the type.
  • Once an IUD is fitted, it works straight away.
  • Most people with a womb can use it.
  • There are no hormonal side effects, such as acne, headaches or breast tenderness.
  • It does not interrupt sex.
  • It’s safe to use an IUD if you’re breastfeeding.
  • It’s possible to get pregnant as soon as the IUD is removed.
  • It’s not affected by other medicines.
  • There’s no evidence that an IUD will affect your weight or increase the risk of cervical cancer, womb cancer or ovarian cancer.


  • Your periods may become heavier, longer or more painful, though this may improve after a few months.
  • It does not protect against STIs, so you may need to use condoms as well.
  • If you get an infection when you have an IUD fitted, it could lead to a pelvic infection if not treated.
  • Most people who stop using an IUD do so because of vaginal bleeding and pain, although these side effects are uncommon.

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Using An Iud After Giving Birth

An IUD can usually be fitted 4 weeks after giving birth . You’ll need to use alternative contraception from 3 weeks after the birth until the IUD is put in.

In some cases, an IUD can be fitted within 48 hours of giving birth. It’s safe to use an IUD when you’re breastfeeding, and it will not affect your milk supply.

What Is An Intra Uterine Device

An IUD is a small object that goes inside your uterus.

There are two types of IUDs:

  • Copper IUD contains copper, a type of metal
  • Hormonal IUD contains the hormone progestogen

The IUD is put in your uterus by an experienced nurse or doctor. This is simple and safe. The procedure itself takes about five to 10 minutes, but your appointment will take about 30 minutes. During this time the nurse or doctor will explain how the insertion is done and will give you instructions about what to expect once your IUD is in place.

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What To Do If You Have An Iud And Suspect Pregnancy

First, take a home pregnancy test. Todays tests are very good at diagnosing pregnancy early. If the test is negative and youre still worried, call your health care provider, who can answer your questions, perform an exam, or do additional testing if you need it.

If your test is positive, call your Ob/Gyn and explain your situation. The doctor can order an ultrasound and perform an exam. If you develop right- or left-sided pelvic pain with vaginal bleeding and cant be seen by your doctor right away, its reasonable to visit the emergency department because the cause might be an ectopic pregnancy.

IUDs are an incredibly good form of birth control for many women, but no contraceptive is 100 percent effective. If youre considering an IUD, talk to your doctor or other healthcare provider about whether this form of highly effective contraception is right for you.

Pro: Its Ready When You Are

My IUD Experience – Things to Know

Having an IUD means that as long as youre practicing safer sex, you can be spontaneous without worrying about pregnancy. Your IUD offers reliable contraception for years at a time. The copper IUD starts working instantly.

Hormone-releasing IUDs should be removed and replaced every 3-10 years, depending on the brand. The copper-wrapped IUD can stay in place and offer continuous protection for up to 12 years.

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What Happens If You Do Become Pregnant While An Iud Is Inserted

If you do become pregnant with an IUD in place, and the egg has implanted itself in the lining of your uterus, then you are at an increased risk of miscarriage, sepsis, premature labor, and premature delivery.

You should go to your doctor straight away and get the IUD removed if the strings are visible or can be retrieved however, the success of this depends on how far along your pregnancy already is. Research has shown the risk of miscarriage is up to 27% when the IUD was removed compared with 77% if the IUD was left in place.

Leaving an IUD in place if you become pregnant increases your risk of spontaneous abortion, septic abortion, septicemia, septic shock, premature labor, premature delivery, a hysterectomy or permanent infertility, or death.

If an IUD cannot be removed or if you choose not to have it removed, you will need to monitor yourself and report immediately to your doctor any flu-like symptoms, fever, chills, cramping, pain, bleeding, vaginal discharge, or leakage of fluid, or any other symptom that suggests complications of the pregnancy.

Women who are already pregnant should not have an IUD inserted because it may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes.

What About A Missed Period On The Copper Coil

There are lots of reasons why you might have a late or missed period with the copper coil . The copper coil is hormone free so should not affect your natural cycle . So in this case, other things may affect your natural cycle include stress, illness, excessive exercise, or weight change. Sometimes we never know what caused the disruption.

If you have an IUD and your period is late, you can do a pregnancy test if youre worried. In some rare cases women with copper coils can have ectopic pregnancy . If you have a positive pregnancy test, then you need to seek urgent medical attention.

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What Happens If I Get Pregnant With An Iud

The intrauterine device is one of the most popular and reliable forms of reversible birth control on the market. Its a small T-shaped device made of either copper or hormone-embedded plastic that is inserted through the cervix into the uterine cavity and designed to prevent fertilization. There are two strings attached that a doctor, advanced practice nurse, or physician assistant can use to remove the IUD when it expires , when a patient chooses to become pregnant, or, in rare cases, when a complication develops.

About 10 percent of women choose this type of birth control because the risk of pregnancy is so low less than 1 percent per year. Many women have an IUD placed right after delivery so they go home from the hospital with an established birth control method.

However, no form of birth control is 100 percent effective. While rare, its possible to become pregnant while using an IUD. Such was the case for a patient I saw in the spring of 2018. She had an IUD, and when she took a home pregnancy test, it was positive. The patient came in for an ultrasound, and the reason for the IUD failure was obvious the IUD was sitting in the cervix, not higher up in the uterus where it could have been three times as effective at preventing pregnancy.

Does The Amount Of Urine Affect A Pregnancy Test

PREGNANT 1 â Nat Kringoudis

If youre following Clearblue® Early Detection Pregnancy Test instructions, you will need to place the tip of the test in your urine stream for five seconds or place it in a urine sample collected in a clean, dry container for five seconds. The logistics are simple, but its easy to start overthinking the details. Does it matter how much you pee on a test?

Pregnancy tests require a specific amount of urine. If youre worried about keeping precise time while urinating directly on the test, opt for using a container. Its important to follow the instructions as accurately as you can. If you think you misjudged the time or volume , dont be afraid to take another test.

Keep in mind that drinking too much water or other liquid can . Drinking lots of liquid before testing dilutes the amount of hCG in your urine, making it harder for the test to detect, so try taking a test first thing in the morning, when hCG is more concentrated.

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