Can I Eat Lobster When Pregnant
Seafood is a great source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids, which are good for your heart. But if youre pregnant, youve probably heard that you should avoid some types of sushi and seafood. The good news is that most types of seafood, including crab and lobster, are safe to eat while youre pregnant.
What You Can Eat
- pasteurised or unpasteurised hard cheeses, such as cheddar, Gruyere and parmesan
- pasteurised semi-hard cheeses, such as Edam and Stilton
- pasteurised soft cheeses, such as cottage cheese, mozzarella, feta, cream cheese, paneer, ricotta, halloumi, goats’ cheese without a white coating on the outside and processed cheese spreads
- soft or blue cheese that has been cooked until steaming hot
- pasteurised milk, yoghurt, cream and ice cream
Iodine And Iodine Deficiency
Iodine is an essential nutrient required in small amounts to support normal growth and development, including brain development. It is important that unborn babies receive enough iodine. Requirements for iodine increase during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Even with a well balanced diet, it is difficult to get enough iodine from food alone.
Choose foods that are important sources of iodine and take a daily iodine-only tablet throughout your pregnancy.
Important sources of iodine in foods include well-cooked seafoods, milk, eggs, some cereals and commercially made bread .
- Take one 0.150 milligram /150 microgram iodine-only tablet daily during your pregnancy.
For further information, contact a health practitioner such as your LMC, dietitian, practice nurse or pharmacist.
Supplements containing seaweed, kelp and iodine are not recommended for pregnant women because the iodine content and quality of the supplements is variable.
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Foods To Eat And Avoid During Pregnancy
Its well known that a mothers diet during pregnancy is very important to the health of her baby. Expecting mothers need to consume more vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that are helpful for a fetus growth and development. However, there are also some foods pregnant women should avoid.
UC Davis Health registered dietitian Katherine Stone shares foods to eat and avoid during pregnancy:
Broccoli And Dark Leafy Greens
No surprise here: Broccoli and dark, green vegetables, such as kale and spinach, pack in so many of the nutrients youll need. Even if you dont love eating them, they can often be squirreled into all kinds of dishes.
Benefits include fiber, vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin A, calcium, iron, folate, and potassium. Theyre a bonanza of green goodness.
Adding in servings of green veggies is an efficient way to pack in vitamins and fend off constipation due to all that fiber. Vegetables have also been linked to a reduced risk of low birth weight .
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Keeping Active Is Important
Being physically active each day can help you avoid putting on excess weight, strengthen your heart and lungs and give you the extra energy and strength needed for the birth. Unless your LMC advises otherwise, aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on most, if not all, days of the week.
Choose activities you enjoy that match your level of fitness. Suitable activities include brisk walking, swimming, aqua-jogging or any activity that is comfortable for you and leaves you with enough breath to hold a conversation.
Wear suitable clothes when being physically active, for example, a good support bra, loose clothing and supportive footwear. Take breaks for a drink, food or a rest if you need to.
Contact sports and vigorous physical activity are not recommended. Avoid physical activity in extremely hot weather. Dont start a new sport during pregnancy.
You may need more rest. Listen to your body. If you are tired, rest.
Food Cravings During Pregnancy
You’ve probably known women who craved specific foods during pregnancy, or perhaps you’ve had such cravings yourself. Some old theories held that a hunger for a particular type of food indicated that a woman’s body lacked the nutrients that food contains. Although this turned out not to be so, it’s still unclear why these urges occur.
Some pregnant women crave chocolate, spicy foods, fruits, and comfort foods, such as mashed potatoes, cereals, and toasted white bread. Other women crave non-food items, such as clay and cornstarch. The craving and eating of non-food items is known as pica. Consuming things that aren’t food can be dangerous to both you and your baby. If you have urges to eat non-food items, notify your doctor.
But following your cravings is fine as long as you crave foods that contribute to a healthy diet. Often, these cravings let up about 3 months into the pregnancy.
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Foods To Eat Or Avoid When Pregnant
Use this handy guide to help make decisions about what to eat and what to avoid during pregnancy.
It highlights some foods that are not recommended for pregnant women.
Foods to avoid are listed for a range of reasons, but in most cases there is a higher risk those foods may contain harmful bacteria such as listeria or salmonella.
Red = Don’t eat
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Meat, Poultry & Seafood
Make A Healthy Food Swap
These food swaps provide you with more nutrients to support your babys growth and help control blood sugar levels and prevent constipation.
- Swap white bread for wholegrain.
- Swap ice cream for yoghurt.
- Swap soft drinks for sparkling water.
- Swap chips for plain, unsalted popcorn.
Tip: Add an extra handful of vegetables when cooking and try baking or grilling food instead of frying it in oil.
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Fish From Local Waters
Unless you know your local streams, bays, and lakes are unpolluted, avoid eating fish you catch yourself. Some lakes and rivers are contaminated with industrial chemicals. Locally caught bluefish, striped bass, salmon, pike, trout, and walleye may be affected. Check with your state’s fish and wildlife department for more information.
When Should You Stop Eating Off
Short answer: Right away! In fact, even if youre in the process of trying to get pregnant, its a good idea to stop eating raw fish. The no-undercooked-or-raw-fish-sushi rule applies to all three trimesters.
During the first trimester, several significant developments are happening, so its crucial to abstain as soon as you know youre pregnant. During weeks 1 to 8, the brain and spinal cord begin to form. This is also the time that the tissues that form the heart begin to beat and the eyes, ears, and nose develop.
All of your babys major organs will develop and function by the end of the first trimester. Its during these first 12 weeks that the fetus is most vulnerable and susceptible to damage and harm from exposure to toxic substances.
During pregnancy, your immune system is lowered since youre sharing it with a growing fetus, says Dara Godfrey, MS, RD, registered dietician for Reproductive Medicine Associates of New York. When you have a weakened immune system, Godfrey says youre more susceptible to bacteria or parasites that could be present in raw or improperly handled fish.
However, if you just found out youre pregnant and youve been indulging in raw or undercooked sushi, take a deep breath. Its going to be OK. To help ease any concerns, let your doctor know that youve had sushi with raw fish. Theyll be able to answer any questions you may have and guide you on safer food choices during pregnancy.
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Vitamin B12 In Your Diet
Good sources of vitamin B12 for vegetarians include milk, cheese and eggs.
Good sources for vegans include:
- breakfast cereals fortified with vitamin B12
- unsweetened soya drinks fortified with vitamin B12
- yeast extract, such as Marmite, and nutritional yeast flakes which are fortified with vitamin B12
What Kind Of Sushi Is Off
Any sushi with raw or undercooked seafood is off-limits, according to FoodSafety.gov. Eating raw or undercooked fish can expose your growing baby to mercury, bacteria, and other harmful parasites.
Due to immune system changes during pregnancy, pregnant women are more susceptible to infection, which can increase the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, uterine infection, and preterm delivery, says Kristian Morey, RD, LDN, clinical dietician at The Center for Endocrinology at Mercy Medical Center.
Whats more, your baby is especially vulnerable to mercury exposure, which Morey says can result in neurological issues, as methylmercury has toxic effects on the nervous system during development.
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Are Scallops Safe When Pregnant
Scallops can be a good addition to a healthy diet during pregnancy. Just make sure that you get fresh scallops, clean them thoroughly, and cook them properly before you enjoy them. And if you prefer to give them a pass while youre pregnant, consider replacing them with other types of fish that are low in mercury.
How Do Scallops Have Babies
Scallops reproduce by the spawning method. When the males release sperms into the water, there are absorbed by the female. Among hermaphrodites these roles may change or they may release both eggs and sperm. After birth, baby scallops feed on plankton and settle on the sea bed through byssal threads.
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It’s Wise For Expecting Mothers To Watch What They Eat But What About Fruit All About Women Physicians Discuss Which Fruits To Eat During Your Pregnancy And Which Fruits To Avoid
When it comes to a pregnancy diet, it can feel like the restrictions never end: no caffeine, seafood, deli meat, etc. Women should certainly be cautious about what goes into their bodies because it’s very possible that a baby’s growth and development could be negatively affected by certain foods and drinks.
Fruits can provide women with a plethora of healthy vitamins and minerals that can be very beneficial for a newborn child however, some fruits carry risks when they are eaten during a pregnancy.
Read on to learn which fruits should and should not be eaten while you are pregnant.
Vitamin D In Your Diet
From late March or early April until the end of September, most people should be able to get enough vitamin D from sunlight.
Although we get vitamin D from sunlight, vegetarian food sources include:
- egg yolk
- foods fortified with vitamin D, including some breakfast cereals and fat spreads
- dietary supplements
Because vitamin D is found only in a small number of foods, it is difficult to get enough from foods that naturally contain vitamin D and fortified foods alone.
That’s why the government recommends that all adults, including those who are pregnant and breastfeeding, should consider taking a daily supplement containing 10 micrograms of vitamin D during the winter months .
You may be at particular risk of not having enough vitamin D if:
- you have brown or black skin
- you cover your skin when outside or spend lots of time indoors
You may need to consider taking a daily supplement of vitamin D all year. Talk to a midwife or doctor for advice.
If you’re vegan, check the label to make sure your vitamin D is suitable for vegans.
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How You Catch Listeriosis
Listeriosis is usually caught from eating food containing listeria bacteria.
You can get it from lots of types of food, but it’s mainly a problem with chilled, ready-to-eat foods, such as:
- cooked sliced meats and cured meats
- smoked fish and cooked shellfish
- blue veined and mould-ripened soft cheeses, like camembert and brie
- some pre-prepared fruit, including melon slices
- unpasteurised milk
- dairy products made from unpasteurised milk
These foods do not always cause listeriosis. If you have eaten them recently, you do not need to do anything unless you get symptoms of the infection.
Although it’s less common, you can also catch listeriosis from:
- someone else who has it for example, if you eat food they’ve handled when they’ve not washed their hands
- close contact with farm animals especially sheep and cows that are giving birth
Better Safe Than Sorry: Know Exactly What Not To Eat During Pregnancy With The Help Of A Certified Prenatal Nutritionist
When pregnant, be careful and find out exactly what not to eat during pregnancy. If there is anyone who can tell you accurately what foods to avoid while pregnant, its a certified prenatal nutritionist and dietitian. Ensure the safe delivery of your baby with the help of a professional. This will also guarantee your babys long-term well-being. If you do go through your pregnancy eating the right way for you, you can be confident that your newborn will be safe from diet-related complications and enjoy their childhood in good health.
Relying on hearsay and the internet is not the best approach. It is true that there are websites that offer legitimate advice, but each pregnancy is different. The foods that you eat should match your current health status, age, symptoms and lifestyle.
To be 100% sure, talk to a professional nutritionist. Having one near you will make you feel confident and safe whenever you get confused about your pregnancy.
Family Health Centers of San Diego specializes in prenatal counseling, as well as complete prenatal care for expecting moms. We have a team of professional and certified nutritionists and dietitians who will guide you through your pregnancy. Our commitment is to help you get through your pregnancy and ensure the safe delivery of your baby through a comprehensive diet plan and regular prenatal consultations.
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Eat And Keep Active For A Steady Weight Gain
A healthy weight gain during pregnancy is best for you and your baby.
Its normal to gain some weight during pregnancy due to the growth of the baby, placenta and amniotic fluid. However, gaining too much extra weight can increase your chances of:
- high blood pressure in pregnancy
- diabetes during pregnancy needing a caesarean section
- having a large baby. This increases their risk of becoming obese in childhood and early adult life
- difficulty losing weight after your baby is born. This may increase your risk of developing diabetes, heart disease and some cancers later in life.
Not gaining enough weight during pregnancy can increase the chances of having a premature birth, or a small for age baby.
Talk to your LMC about what a healthy weight gain during pregnancy is for you.
In the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, you don’t need to eat any more food than you would usually eat when not pregnant, but it is important that you eat nutritious food. If you are of normal weight, the total amount of extra food you need each day after the twelfth week of your pregnancy is about the same energy value as a wholegrain cheese and tomato sandwich or a wholegrain peanut butter sandwich and a banana. If you were overweight before pregnancy, the extra energy you require is about one slice of wholegrain bread or two apples per day.
Nutrition For Expectant Moms
A healthy diet includes proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and plenty of water. The U.S. government publishes dietary guidelines that can help you determine how many servings of each kind of food to eat every day. Eating a variety of foods in the proportions indicated is a good step toward staying healthy.
Food labels can tell you what kinds of nutrients are in the foods you eat. The letters RDA, which you find on food labeling, stand for recommended daily allowance, or the amount of a nutrient recommended for your daily diet. When you’re pregnant, the RDAs for most nutrients are higher.
Here are some of the most common nutrients you need and the foods that contain them:
|meat, whole-milk dairy products, nuts, peanut butter, margarine, vegetable oils|
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Raw Undercooked Or Deli Meats
Raw or undercooked meats can carry harmful things like toxoplasmosis and salmonella, while other foods can have listeria. These include:
- Hot dogs
- Cold cured meats like salami and smoked fish
To be extra safe, cook meat well and either avoid cold cuts while youre pregnant or heat them thoroughly. And be sure to wash your hands really well with soap and hot water after handling raw meat such as chicken and pork.
Raw Fish And Shellfish
- Sushi: The common advice from doctors is to not eat raw fish sushi while youre pregnant, as raw fish can contain parasites and bacteria that can make you sick. However, if you regularly go to a sushi place and havent gotten sick there, you may be okay to keep eating there during your pregnancy.
- Raw shellfish: You should avoid eating things like raw oysters while youre pregnantthose parasites and bacteria again.
And dont forget: fish thats low in mercury is good for you and your babythose omega 3 fatty acids can help your babys brain and visual development. So dont shy away from eating cooked fish like salmon and mackerel.
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What About Listeria And Pregnancy
Theres also listeria, a food-borne illness thats riskier for pregnant people. You are more likely to get it when you are pregnant, and you are more likely to have complications from it.
It is very rare, but there are still instances of it every year.
So how do you avoid it? Take extra food safety measures to keep yourself safe regardless of which foods you decide to eat:
- Practice safe food handling
- Clean your fridge and kitchen regularly
- Cook things until well-done