How To Prevent Yeast Infections
Consistently practicing good genital hygiene is the key to preventing vaginal yeast infections. Here are some ways to avoid yeast infection pregnancy symptoms:
- Avoid wearing tight bottoms and undergarments made of synthetic materials, especially overnight.;
- Wear loose, cotton underwear to keep things dry and airy in the vaginal area
- Change out of workout garments, sweaty clothing, and wet swimsuits immediately.
- Avoid scented soaps and body washes, especially in the vaginal area
- Refrain from using scented toilet paper and scented sanitary napkins and tampons
- Always wipe from front to back
- Do not douche, especially later in pregnancy
- Avoid added sugars in your diet
- Eat probiotic-rich foods, such as yogurt
- Maintain a healthy diet filled with fruits, vegetables, protein, and whole-grains
These methods of yeast infection pregnancy symptoms are avoidable when you take the proper precautions. But remember, there is usually no cause for concern because yeast infections during pregnancy are common and treatable overall.;
How Can This Affect My Pregnancy
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 1 million pregnant women get BV each year. Pregnant women are at increased risk for BV because of hormone changes that happen during pregnancy. Hormones are chemicals made by the body.
If you have BV during pregnancy, your baby is at increased risk for premature birth and low birthweight. Premature birth is birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Low birthweight is when your baby is born weighing less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces. Being born too early or too small can cause health problems for your baby.
BV also can cause pelvic inflammatory diseases . PID is an infection in the uterus that can increase your risk for infertility .
Complications Of Vaginal Yeast Infection
Thankfully, yeast infections that occur during pregnancy rarely have harmful effects. In more extreme cases, an infection may cause burning during urination and fissures or sores on the vulva or vagina.;
Yeast infections may be passed to your baby during delivery. In infants, yeast infection presents in the mouth and/or diaper area. Rarely, a yeast infection can lead to serious complications in an infants body or heart, as their immune systems are not yet equipped to fight infection. This is most often seen in infants with underlying immune conditions or infections.;
In pregnant women with conditions that weaken the immune system, such as HIV, a yeast infection may cause systemic infection or complications. This is why, even if you believe it to be a simple overgrowth of yeast, yeast infection early pregnancy is best treated under the supervision of a doctor.;
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Uterine Infections During Pregnancy
An infection in the uterus can be dangerous for a variety of reasons. The infection may affect the placenta, harm the developing baby, cause premature labor, or lead to birth abnormalities.
Uterine infections can also make labor more dangerous and difficult. Some individuals experience organ failure and other life-threatening complications.
Uterine infections often develop when bacteria from the vagina travels to the uterus, so an untreated vaginal infection is a risk factor for uterine infections. A person is more susceptible to uterine infections if their membranes rupture during an extended labor.
Treatment includes antibiotics and may require hospitalization. If a fever develops during labor, a doctor or midwife will monitor the fetus. If the symptoms are severe, the doctor may recommend a cesarean delivery.
Advice From Our Practice
At University Park OBGYN, we are fully equipped to guide you through the comprehensive care you deserve. From treating a pesky yeast infection while pregnant to delivering your infant, we guarantee thorough, compassionate care. Give us a call or visit our website today to learn more about the various services we offer in gynecological, preconception, obstetric, and postpartum care.;
We look forward to hearing from you!
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What Can Cause Yeast Infections During Pregnancy
While pregnancy with a yeast infection is common, it is helpful to know what may cause it. Here are some factors that may contribute to an overgrowth of yeast leading to yeast infection early pregnancy:
- Normal changes in hormone levels
- A reaction to your partners natural yeast or bacteria;
- Pre-existing conditions that weaken the immune system, such as HIV
- Taking immunosuppressant medication, like steroids;
- Taking antibiotics, which can disrupt the vaginal PH
- Birth Control Pills
- Allergic reaction in the vaginal area;
- STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea
- Another common infection called BV, or bacterial vaginosis
How Do I Know For Sure If I Have A Yeast Infection
At your doctors office or medical clinic, a clinician will use a simple, painless swab to remove the discharge or vaginal secretions and examine it through a microscope. Usually, upon a simple examination of the vagina, a physician can diagnose a yeast infection. In rare cases, the culture may be sent to a lab.
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Causes And Symptoms Of Yeast Infection During Pregnancy
Pregnancy leaves a woman susceptible to many kinds of infections including yeast infection. In fact more than 70% of pregnant women suffer from yeast infection at one point or another in their pregnancy. Some even have recurrent yeast infection while pregnant. Yeast infection commonly occurs during the second and third trimester of pregnancy.
Yeast infection does not cause harm to the baby but it is important to be treated before the pregnancy terminates in labor and the baby comes out. Many babies born naturally to mothers suffering from yeast infection develop thrush inside their mouths as a result of the infection.
How To Prevent Yeast Infections During Pregnancy
While you cant control your hormones , you;can;take a few steps to prevent yeast infections during pregnancy. Some tactics to try:
- Excess moisture can exasperate an imbalance, making your vagina a more welcoming environment for fungal growth.;Wear cotton undergarments that allow your genital area to “breathe.”
- Try sleeping without underwear or pajama bottoms at night to allow for increased air flow.
- Take showers instead of baths .
- Never douche or use vaginal sprays or deodorants.
- Avoid sitting around in a wet bathing suit.
- After showering or swimming, make sure your genital area is completely dry before putting on your underwear and clothes.
- Take antibiotics only when prescribed by your doctor and use them exactly as directed.
Adding yogurt containing live;probiotic cultures might also help to keep symptoms at bay, and you can ask your doctor whether they recommend a probiotic supplement.
Some women with chronic yeast infections also find it helpful to cut back on foods that feed yeast, such as sugar and baked goods that are made with refined flour.
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Common Yeast Infection Pill Tied To Miscarriages
4 Min Read
– Pregnant women who take fluconazole, an oral antifungal used to treat vaginal yeast infections, may be more likely to have miscarriages than women who dont take this pill during pregnancy, a Canadian study suggests.
About one in 10 pregnant women develop yeast infections, a risk that is up to 10 times higher than in nonpregnant women, researchers note in CMAJ. While topical medicines are usually the first thing prescribed for yeast infections, women who dont improve with this approach may be given fluconazole even though using this drug in pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of certain birth defects including skeletal and heart malformations.
For the current study, researchers examined data on 29,458 pregnancies ending in miscarriage between 6 and 19 weeks gestation and on 245,059 pregnancies that didnt end in miscarriage.
Women who took low doses of fluconazole were more than twice as likely to have a miscarriage as women who didnt use this drug at all during pregnancy, and women who took higher doses of the drug had more than triple the miscarriage risk.
Regardless of dosage, oral fluconazole use is associated with the risk of spontaneous abortions, said lead study author Anick Bérard of the University of Montreal in Quebec.
The drug wasnt associated with an increased risk of stillbirth, however, and only high doses were linked to heart defects, Bérard noted.
SOURCE: bit.ly/2XfFTAy CMAJ, online February 19, 2019.
Got A Yeast Infection Try These Easy Home Remedies
Three out of four women will experience at least one yeast infection in their lifetimes. If youve had one, you know the signs: severe vaginal itching and irritation accompanied by a thick, white discharge. Sometimes you might feel a burning sensation during urination or sex. Yeast infections certainly arent pleasant, but under most circumstances, theyre easy to treat.
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Both Low High Doses Assessed
For the study, researchers with McGill University and the Universite de Montreal conducted three case-control studies using Quebec Pregnancy Cohort data from 1998 through 2015.
From the data, which include all pregnancies covered by the Quebec Prescription Drug Insurance Plan, they were able to identify women who were prescribed oral fluconazole during pregnancy and those who weren’t. They were looking to assess the impact of exposure to low-dose or high-dose fluconazole during pregnancy on the occurrence of miscarriage, major congenital malformations, and stillbirths.
From 441,949 potentially eligible pregnancies, 320,868 were included in the analysis of miscarriages, 226,599 for congenital malformations, and 7,832 for stillbirths. Of the women who received fluconazole, 69.5% received a common single dose of 150 mg, and the remainder received a dose of more than 150 mg.
Adjusting for potential confounders, the researchers found that exposure to low-dose fluconazole was associated with an increased risk of miscarriage compared with no exposure . In the 249 women exposed to high-dose treatment, the associated risk was even greater .
When the researchers looked at congenital malformations, they found that low-dose fluconazole exposure was not associated with increased risk of overall congenital malformation. But exposure to high-dose treatment in 13 women during the first trimester was associated with increased risk of cardiac septic closure anomalies .
What Are Its Symptoms
The most common symptom of a yeast infection in most cases is the itching of the vulva and the vagina. Along with that, women may also experience a white-colored discharge, which is odorless and looks like cottage cheese in texture. Some other symptoms of a yeast infection are:
- pain or soreness in the vulva or the vagina
- a burning sensation while peeing
- a rash that appears in and around the vulva, which can spread to other areas like the thighs and the groin.
These signs can take from a few hours or even weeks to subside.;
In newly born babies and those women that have a weak immune system, the yeast infection might occur in the mouth area. This is referred to as thrush.
However, if you are experiencing these symptoms, it does not always mean that you are suffering from a yeast infection as some other conditions also come with the same types of signs and symptoms like:
- an allergic reaction to a type of soap that you have used to clean your genitals or a birth control method such as a condom.
- a sexually transmitted disease like gonorrhea and chlamydia
- Or it can be due to bacterial vaginosis, which is a type of infection of the vagina.;
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What Crosses The Placental Barrier
The substances not likely to pass in significant amounts include bacteria, heparin, sIgA, and IgM. Other substances that pass through the placenta include red blood cell antigens, carbon dioxide, oxygen, some viruses, and nutrients. The placental size increases throughout the pregnancy, but not in constant proportion.
Checking In With The Doctor Or Midwife
Even if you are fairly certain what you have is a yeast infection, its a good idea to consult with a medical professional. This is especially true if you try something and symptoms go away. Its possible that it could be a bacterial infection such as bacterial vaginosis rather than a yeast infection, which can be much more dangerous.
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Facts About Thrush During Pregnancy
Common among women, vaginal yeast infection known as thrush is mainly caused by the Candida fungus and affects 3 out of 4 women at least once during their lifetime. Often triggered due to consumption of antibiotics or wearing tight clothing and underwear, pregnant women can get thrush because of the rapid changes affecting their bodies. Hormonal imbalances, and especially the high level of oestrogen, increases the likelihood of developing vaginal thrush.
If you develop thrush during pregnancy or whilst trying for a baby, you should not worry. Here are some facts about thrush in pregnancy that every soon-to-be mother should know:
Thrush will not prevent you from getting pregnant
Thrush is not known to harm your unborn baby
In only around 2% of cases is thrush passed on to a baby during delivery
Having A Yeast Infection During Pregnancy
Yeast infections during pregnancy are common and do not pose any medical risk to the unborn baby. There are safe medications available for use during pregnancy. However, if you are pregnant and have an active yeast infection, it is possible to pass the infection on to the baby during labor. Typically, the yeast infection will affect your infants mouth in the form of an oral yeast infection called thrush. Thrush is easily treatable in infants.
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How To Avoid And Treat Thrush During Pregnancy
There are a number of precautionary steps every pregnant woman can take to lower the risk of developing thrush while pregnant. They are easy, practical and effective in preventing a vaginal yeast infection. Proper hygiene, breathable cotton underwear, and regular check-ups with your GP are some of the things that help lower the risk of thrush.
However, if you still develop a yeast infection, first see your GP before undertaking any yeast infection treatments. Thrush treatments often include recommending an anti-fungal vaginal pessary or cream. Medicines can affect the unborn baby. Always talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking any medicine in pregnancy. ;It is important to know that oral capsule containing fluconazole should not be taken during pregnancy for treating thrush.
Here are some tips to help you avoid thrush:
Wear breathable cotton underwear that is not too tight
Ensure proper hygiene but avoid bubble baths, using soaps or any personal care products made with harsh chemicals around your vagina
Do not douche as it might increase the risk of vaginal irritation and disrupt the vaginal pH balance
Change underwear daily and wash it in hot water
Wipe from the front to the back to stop the bacteria from being transported to your vagina
What Are The Symptoms Of Yeast Infections
The symptoms of a yeast infection may include one or more of the;following:
- Discharge that is usually white/tan in color, similar;to cottage cheese and may smell like yeast/bread
- Other discharge may be greenish or yellowish,;also similar to cottage cheese and may smell like yeast/bread
- An increase in discharge
- Redness, itching, or irritation of the lips;of the vagina
- Burning sensation during urination or intercourse
Common Yeast Infection Pill Tied To Miscarriage
Fluconazole is a prescribed pill used to treat yeast infections. However, Canadian research now suggests its use greatly raises a pregnant woman’s odd for miscarriage, as well as the odds that her baby will have a heart defect.
The findings could have implications for standard gynecological practice, according to one expert who reviewed the findings.
“Vaginal yeast infections can affect up to 75 percent of women during their lifetime and are more prevalent among pregnant women,” said Dr. Mitchell Kramer, chair of obstetrics and gynecology at Northwell Health’sHuntington Hospital inHuntington, N.Y.
The new study echoes prior research “that revealed the adverse effect oral fluconazole has on pregnancy,” he said. “Therefore, the use of oral fluconazole should be avoided in pregnancy.”
He stressed that most pregnant women already avoid fluconazole.
“First-line treatment, especially in pregnant women, is a topical imidazole vaginal cream or suppository,” Kramer said.
Fluconazole is still often used to fight yeast infections in women who aren’t pregnant, however.
In the new study, a team led by Dr. Anick Berard, of University of Montreal in Quebec, examined data on nearly 442,000 pregnant women who took part in the Quebec Pregnancy Cohort between 1998 and 2015.
Canadian Medical Association Journal
How To Treat Yeast Infection During Pregnancy
Normally, yeast infection is treated using vaginal creams and antibiotics. However, during pregnancy antibiotics are not recommended unless absolutely necessary. Diflucan is another drug that is given in single dosage to treat yeast infection. But the safety of this drug has not been proven for pregnancy. So, do not take this drug as it is available over-the counter.
There are other methods to treat yeast infection during pregnancy. These are natural remedies and are absolutely safe for pregnant women. Yogurt is a natural home remedy for treating yeast infection. Insert a tablespoon of yogurt using a clean finger. Do not use tampons or any other such object for injecting yogurt in the vagina as you may increase the risk of spreading the infection further. Use only plain yogurt and not sweetened or flavored yogurt.
Spread some yogurt on the lips of the vagina as well to reduce the need to itch severely. You can apply a thin layer of the yogurt on an unused Whisper pad and wear it to prevent itching. Some people highly recommend the use of Greek yogurt for treating yeast infection at home.
The yogurt you use must contain live cultures of acidophilus and should be used cold for best results. Do this treatment 3-4 times during the day. Wash and dry yourself well before re-applying the yogurt to the vagina. Eating plain yogurt will also help treat the yeast infection. Eat a bowl of yogurt every three hours to fasten the treatment.