Cmo Tomar Prenatal Multivitamins Para Amamantar A Su Beb
Antes de tomar prenatal multivitamins, dígale a su médico acerca de todas sus condiciones médicas y todas las medicinas que usted esté usando. Pregúntele un médico antes de usar un suplemento vitamínico o mineral si usted está siguiendo una dieta baja en sal. Usted tal vez seguir tomando prenatal multivitamins si está dando de amamantar a su bebé.
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Supplements During Pregnancy: Whats Safe And Whats Not
If youre pregnant, you may think that feeling overwhelmed and confused comes with the territory. But it doesnt have to be so confusing when it comes to vitamins and supplements.
If you did your extra credit work, we bet you already know that high mercury seafood, alcohol, and cigarettes are off-limits during pregnancy. What may surprise you is that some vitamins, minerals, and herbal supplements should be avoided as well.
Information on which supplements are safe and which arent varies and can make things feel even more complicated. Weve got you, though.
This article breaks down which supplements are believed to be safe to take during pregnancy and why some supplements should be avoided.
Getting the right nutrients is important at every stage of life, but its especially critical during pregnancy, as youll need to nourish both yourself and your growing babe.
What Are The Different Kinds Of Prenatals
Walking into the pharmacy or searching for prenatals on Amazon makes it feel like there are approximately 10 billion different kinds of prenatals. But they can broadly be divided into these categories:
- Capsules or tablets: “If a woman wants to get all the necessary vitamins and minerals in one prenatal vitamin, a pill that you swallow whole is the best choice,” says Purdie.
- Liquids, powders and chewables: “For women experiencing nausea, a chewable or liquid vitamin may be a better option, but these may be missing some of the above essential nutrients,” says Dr. Purdie. It is important to read the labels to see if you would need to take an additional supplement.
- Prescription: Some women who experience side effects with their prenatals may want a prescription. “Both prescription and over-the-counter vitamins will have all the necessary nutrients, however, the formulation may be different the prescription vitamin may have iron that causes less constipation, or it may include a stool softener to help with constipation or vitamin B6 to help with nausea, says Dr. Purdie. But assuming you can tolerate the OTC versions, there’s no reason to go running to the doctor. “In general it’s easier, more convenient and maybe even less expensive to stick with an over-the-counter vitamin,” Dr. Rankins adds.
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Taking Extra Folic Acid
Your midwife or GP may ask you to take a larger amount of folic acid if:
- youve had a baby with a neural tube defect before
- someone in your close family has a neural tube defect
- youre taking medicines for epilepsy
- you have diabetes
- youre overweight and your body mass index is 30 or more
- you have sickle-cell anaemia or thalassaemia
What To Look For In Prenatal Vitamins
Research indicates that nearly 2 billion people are deficient in key vitamins and minerals. These deficiencies worsen during pregnancy due to increased energy and nutritional demands. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicates that one in six women in the U.S. is iron deficient during pregnancy.
When these types of deficiencies occur, they can lead to adverse effects for the pregnant person and their baby. But the good news is that these issues can be mitigated by using supplements like prenatal vitamins. The key is finding a vitamin that contains adequate amounts of the essential vitamins and minerals that pregnant people need.
“Each prenatal vitamin has a unique amount of vitamins and minerals,” says Godfrey. “But, generally, they differ from a regular multivitamin in that they contain extra folic acid and iron to support a woman during pregnancy. I suggest looking for a prenatal that also has vitamin D3, omega-3s , and added choline.”
It is important to read the labels and talk to your healthcare provider to determine how much you need of each vitamin and mineral. And keep in mind that every prenatal vitamin will have different amounts of ingredients, with some being more comprehensive than others.
|Recommendations for Prenatal Vitamins|
|Promotes the development of the baby’s brain and retina|
|Calcium||Prevents reduction of pregnant person’s bone density|
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What Happens To The Sperm When A Woman Is Already Pregnant
WhilehappenspregnancypregnantspermpregnantThe Vitamins Youll Need to Conceive
- Zinc. Newsflash: You and your partner should be getting plenty of zinc.
- Folic acid. This one is a must-have.
- Multivitamins. If youre already taking a multivitamin, youre in good shape.
It is usually really useful that you simply take a day by day vitamin d complement. Dont take cod liver oil or any dietary supplements containing vitamin a whenever youre pregnant. An excessive amount of vitamin a might hurt your child. You additionally have to know which meals to keep away from in being pregnant.
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Do You Need A Prescription For Prenatal Vitamins
Prenatal vitamins are readily available over the counter and a prescription is generally unnecessary. Theres not much difference between over the counter and prescription prenatals, and both are adequate, assures Dr. Nwankwo.
Sometimes prescription prenatals may have special formulationsfor example, they may have a stool softener added to help with constipation, or they may have additional iron. The pills may also be smaller and easier to take. But its not necessary, she says.
If you want to take a prescription prenatal, be sure to check with your insurance first to see if theyre covered if so, youll likely need your doctor to give you a prescription for them.
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Take Vitamins And Folic Acid
Take a vitamin and mineral supplement that includes at least 0.4 milligrams of folic acid.
- Folic acid reduces the risk of birth defects, especially problems with the babys spine.
- Start taking a vitamin with folic acid before you want to get pregnant.
- Avoid high doses of any vitamin, especially vitamins A, D, E, and K. These vitamins can cause birth defects if you take more than the normal recommended daily amounts. Regular pregnancy prenatal vitamins do not have excessively high doses of any vitamin.
What Is Your Family Health History And Why Is It Important Before You Get Pregnant
Your family health history is a record of any health conditions and treatments that you, your partner and everyone in your families have had. Its a good idea to start putting your family history together before you get pregnant so you can share it with your provider at your checkup. Use the March of Dimes Family Health History Form to gather information.
Your family health history can help your provider:
- Identify health conditions that run in your or your partners family or ethnic group. An ethnic group is a group of people, often from the same country, who share language or culture. Certain genetic conditions, such as sickle cell disease and Tay-Sachs disease, are more common in people from certain ethnic groups. For example, people who are Ashkenazi Jews are more likely than others to have Tay-Sachs and other genetic conditions.
- Find the cause of a condition you had in a past pregnancy. Your provider may use tests like blood tests or ultrasound to help find the cause of the condition. Getting treatment can lower the chances of you having the same complication in your next pregnancy.
- Treat health conditions before pregnancy. Some chronic health conditions can lead to pregnancy problems and, sometimes, birth defects. Getting treatment before pregnancy for conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, lupus and PKU can improve your chances of having a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.
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What Is The Best Prenatal Vitamin
The best prenatal is the one youre actually going to take consistently, says Dr. Nwankwo.
Vitamins come in multiple forms: pill, soft-gel capsule and gummies. For some, swallowing and holding down a pill can be difficult especially when youre queasy due to morning sickness. If thats your situation, try a soft-gel capsule or a gummy vitamin.
Here are some of the most popular choices recommended by doctors and real parents to consider when deciding on the best prenatal vitamin for you.
Best Affordable Prenatal Vitamins
Its no surprise that everyones favorite one-stop online shopping resource is now in the vitamins business. Solimo, Amazons own brand of everyday essentials, makes a prenatal gummy vitamin that includes nine vitamins and minerals , omega-3s, choline and more. Theyre also extremely affordable.
Keep in Mind
These vitamins are gluten-free but theyre not vegan, as they contain fish oil and pork gelatin. And theres no iron or calcium.
Key Nutrients In A Prenatal Vitamin
Prenatal vitamins contain a wide range of nutrients, targeting the specific vitamin and mineral needs to support a healthy pregnancy. “I look for the active form of the B vitamins folate and methylcobalamin . I also look for iodine, choline, and adequate amounts of vitamin D,” says Kristin Brown BSc, RD, who owns Grounded Health Nutrition and Wellness.
These are some of the top nutrients to look for in a prenatal vitamin and their different forms:
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Choosing The Best Prenatal Vitamin For You
When deciding on a prenatal vitamin, speak with your OB-GYN, who can provide you recommendations based on your specific needs . Additionally, check for third-party testing from agencies like US Pharmacopeia, who can provide assurance of the content and quality of the ingredients in your prenatal vitamin.
Other factors to keep in mind may include:
- The vitamins and nutrients in the prenatal
- Whether the prenatal causes nausea or other side effects
Be sure to speak with your OB-GYN about which prenatal vitamin might be a good fit for you.
Do I Need To Take Supplements
Its recommended that all pregnant women in Australia take folic acid and iodine supplements.
However, its better to get the other nutrients you need from a healthy diet rather than from supplements. In most cases, eating a variety of nutritious foods should meet both your needs and those of your baby. Check the Australian Dietary Guidelines for more advice.
If you have a known deficiency, your doctor might advise you to take a supplement. For example:
- if you are vegetarian or vegan and not getting adequate vitamin B12
- if you dont consume enough dairy foods and are not getting much calcium, which is vital for bone health
- if you have a vitamin D deficiency
If youre not sure whether you need a supplement, talk to your doctor.
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Risks Of Taking Fertility Supplements
As mentioned above, fertility supplements can interact with other medications that a person might be taking. Taking fertility supplements, especially in high doses and for too long can affect your reproductive health as well as overall health negatively. Stated below are the side effects that may occur because of taking high doses of supplements
Can I Overdose On Folic Acid
Most women shouldnt take more than 1mg of folic acid a day. Some women who are at a higher risk of having babies with neural tube defects might benefit from up to 5mg a day (Kennedy and Koren, 2012 NHS Choices, 2017a.
Family history of or previous pregnancies with neural tube defects, diabetes, and taking anti-epileptic medication when you’re pregnant raise your risk of having babies with neural tube defects. If you are at higher risk, talk to your GP or midwife as they can prescribe a higher dose and/or recommend additional screening tests .
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Fertility Drugs For Women
Many types of fertility medications for women are available today. You may notice that there are more drugs listed in this article for women than for men. Thats largely because its easier to promote egg production in women than it is to increase sperm count in men. Here are the common fertility medications for women.
When You Decide To Try For A Pregnancy
Ready to start a family? In addition to scheduling a well visit with your gynecologist, quitting birth control, and cutting out unhealthy behaviors like smoking, you should start taking prenatal vitamins.
You wont be able to predict how long it will take you to get pregnant it could be weeks or months and you wont know youve been successful until a few weeks after conception. Prenatal vitamins are an important part of preconception care.
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Can Vitamin D Cause Birth Defects
There is no evidence to suggest that vitamin D can cause birth defects. Instead, vitamin D deficiency has been conclusively linked to adverse health outcomes for the foetus and baby and the mother. While you can take too much vitamin D, if you take a good quality supplement in the recommended dose, alongside eating a healthy, well-balanced diet, there wont be an issue. Again, chat with your healthcare provider for medical advice if you have any concerns.
Take Care With Certain Vitamins
Your body only needs a small amount of each nutrient, and higher amounts are not necessarily better. In fact, consuming more than you need can sometimes cause harm.
It’s also best to avoid foods that may be very high in vitamin A, including liver and liver products such as pÃ¢tÃ©.
Just as you need to check with your doctor before you take any medicines while pregnant, it’s best to talk to your doctor before taking any supplements.
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The Best Time To Get Pregnant
You are most likely to conceive if you have sex within a day or so of ovulation. This is usually about 14 days after the first day of your last period.
An egg lives for about 12-24 hours after it is released. For you to become pregnant, the egg must be fertilised within this time. Sperm can live for up to seven days inside a womans body. So, if you have had sex in the seven days before ovulation, the sperm will have had time to travel up the fallopian tubes to wait for the egg to be released.
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Your Complete Guide To Taking Prenatal Vitamins
Help give your baby the best start
Whether youre pregnant or just thinking about getting pregnant, nutrition may be on your mind. When youre pregnant, your body needs different nutrition. Though you wont need to take in a lot more calories in the beginning of pregnancy, you will need more vitamins and minerals.
It can be difficult to meet these nutrient needs with food alone, and thats where prenatal vitamins can help. Theyre specifically designed to meet your increased needs and give your growing baby a strong start.
Before getting started, remember to consult with your doctor about changes to your diet and supplement plan.
What Other Information Should I Know
Keep all appointments with your doctor.
Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about levonorgestrel.
It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.
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Vitamins To Help Get Pregnant
If you are trying to conceive a baby, you need to know about vitamins to help get pregnant. The body needs a wide range of different vitamins and minerals in order to increase fertility. Supplementing B-Complex, vitamin E and C are needed by the body for healthy conception and pregnancy. Listed below are the necessary fertility vitamins as well as tips for taking them.
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Prenatal Vitamin Side Effects
Some prenatal vitamins can cause nausea in an already nauseated pregnant woman. If that happens to you, talk to your health care provider. They may be able to prescribe a different kind of prenatal vitamin that you dont have to swallow whole. Options include:
The iron in prenatal vitamins may also make you constipated. If youre constipated it can help to:
- Eat a high-fiber diet
How Much Folic Acid Should I Take
Most healthy women should supplement their diet with 0.4 mg of folic acid daily. You can usually find it in a daily multivitamin.
Some women may need a higher daily supplement. These are women who:
- have a family history of NTDs ,
- have diabetes, epilepsy, advanced liver disease or inflammatory bowel disease,
- have had gastric by-pass surgery,
- have a history of over-use of alcohol, or
- have had a previous liveborn or stillborn infant with a NTD.
If you are not certain which dose you need, talk to your doctor.
If you are already pregnant, it is a good idea to keep taking a multivitamin with folic acid throughout your pregnancy.
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