Can You Get Pregnant During Perimenopause
Despite a decline in fertility during this stage, you can still become pregnant during perimenopause. Unless you are in full menopause its safe to assume you are still capable of conceiving during perimenopause.
Menopause is not an off switch, and although fluctuations in hormones and ovarian function may be hallmarks of perimenopause, they do not automatically spell the end of fertility.
Declining and erratic hormone levels contribute to decreases in fertility, but natural conception is still possible for women until menopause is reached . Pregnancy during perimenopause may have increased risk factors , but it is still very much possible to get pregnant during perimenopause.
Age And Fertility Research
Plenty more, and it reflects the same trend we mentioned above the younger the woman, the better her chances of a successful pregnancy. Lets take a look at the data below.
If you look here, youll see data from the American Society of Reproductive Medicine on the odds of natural pregnancy by age each month.
Hendershot GE, Mosher WD, Pratt WF. Infertility and age: an unresolved issue. Fam Plann Perspect. 1982 Sep-Oct 14:287-9. PMID: 6926975.
Our Journey Through Egg Donation & Ivf
When we got the news that I was pregnant, my whole world shifted. I felt a sense of gratitude I had never felt before. I bought a pair of Belly Buds and made recordings for my growing baby. I told her how wanted she was and what a beautiful life was awaiting her. During this time, I also made sure to take care of myself. I continued to eat organic as much as possible, eat gluten-free, and take lots of supplements. I also used organic products free of toxic chemicals and I continued with my self-care routine by going to acupuncture, swimming, and meditating.
Also Check: When Can I Test If I M Pregnant
Fertility Treatments After 40
Research has shown that assisted reproductive technology is less effective after age 40, and the rate continues to fall as you get older. For example, intrauterine insemination success rates can be as low as 5% for women in their 40s.
In vitro fertilization has slightly better success rates for older peopleabout 15% per cycle. Still, this rate is not as good as it is for younger people.
Egg donation may offer the best chance for someone who wants to get pregnant after the age of 40. In this process, a person can become pregnant using a donated egg that has been inseminated with the sperm of their partner or a donor.
The success rates for IVF using a donor egg can be upwards of 35% in cases of diminished ovarian reserve . While the success rates are encouraging, using an egg donor means that the person who becomes pregnant won’t have a genetic connection to their child.
The decision to use an egg donor can be difficult to make. Some people will consider the option and decide it’s not the right choice for them.
The process can also be costly. The price tag may prevent some people from using egg donation services to become pregnant.
What Is Perimenopause
Perimenopause is the stage before or around menopause that is characterized as a transitional phase on the way to full menopause. While menopause is defined as having no period for at least a year, the transitional phase the body goes through leading up to this can be called perimenopause. Peri, from greek and latin meaning around, is used to describe the phase around menopause.
Women experience perimenopause at different ages, but changes in your cycle can start as early as your late 30s and typically affect women during their 40s. Although both part of the same life stage, menopause and perimenopause have different symptoms and therefore different treatment options.
Also Check: How To Figure Pregnancy Due Date
But If Youre Not Keen
If the thought of sleepless nights and changing nappies in your 40s or 50s has you quaking in fear, then heres what you need to do to make sure no little ones decide to make a surprise entrance.
- Be on top of your cycle Just because youve skipped a couple of periods doesnt mean youve gone through the change and can forget about your reproductive organs. So make note of how often youre menstruating so you can work out how long its been since your last one, and be aware of your moods and other hormonal changes.
- Use contraception Until youre sure youve stopped ovulating, youll need to keep using contraception. Having your tubes tied or your partner having a vasectomy are the safest bets IUDs, the pill, and condoms are just some of the other options available. Chat to your doctor about which is best for you.
Pregnancy Over Age 50
Pregnancy over the age of 50 has, over recent years, become possible for more women, and more easily achieved for many, due to recent advances in assisted reproductive technology, in particular egg donation. Typically, a woman’s fecundity ends with menopause, which, by definition, is 12 consecutive months without having had any menstrual flow at all. During perimenopause, the menstrual cycle and the periods become irregular and eventually stop altogether, but even when periods are still regular, the egg quality of women in their forties is lower than in younger women, making the likelihood of conceiving a healthy baby also reduced, particularly after age 42. The female biological clock can vary greatly from woman to woman. A woman’s individual level of fertility can be tested through a variety of methods.
In the United States, between 1997 and 1999, 539 births were reported among mothers over age 50 , with 194 being over 55.
The oldest recorded mother to date to conceive was 74 years, and the youngest mother was 5 years old. According to statistics from the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, in the UK more than 20 babies are born to women over age 50 per year through in-vitro fertilization with the use of donor oocytes .
You May Like: Are Prenatal Vitamins Good For Trying To Get Pregnant
Rate Of Aneuploidy By Age
- When a woman is 29, about 20% of her eggs will be aneuploid
- When a woman is 31, about 30% of her eggs will be aneuploid
- When a woman is 35, about 35% of her eggs will be aneuploid
- When a woman is 37, about 42% of her eggs will be aneuploid
- When a woman is 40, nearly 60% of her eggs will be aneuploid
- And when a woman is 44, nearly 90% of her eggs will be aneuploid
How Is A Woman’s Fertility Tested
For two people to conceive a child, both partners bodies need to make a contribution. However, if you and your partner are trying to conceive but have been unsuccessful for a year or more, both the male and the female partner should get their fertility tested. As a female, there are many tests that you are able to take.
You should take a test if you have not become pregnant after a year of having unprotected sex while not on birth control. However, it may also be appropriate to get tested earlier if:
- You are old than 35
- You experience irregular menstrual cycles or a pattern of skipped menstrual cycles
- You have had issues with your uterus, tubes, or abdominal cavity
Recommended Reading: What Doctor Do You See When You Are Pregnant
It’s Easy To Get The Care You Need
See a Premier Physician Network provider near you.
As you head toward the big change, keep in mind that diaper changes arent quite out of the picture just yet. You can still get pregnant during perimenopause defined as the years leading up to your final period.
This menopausal transition brings unpredictable ovulation cycles as estrogen and progesterone hormone levels go up and down. During these years of yo-yoing hormone levels, your ovaries continue to release eggs for fertilization. Translation: You can still become pregnant.
Premier Health Ob/Gyn physician J. Scott Bembry, MD, says hes seen a handful of patients in his own practice whove become unintentionally pregnant in their late 40s.
My Gorgeous Little Accident: Debbie Amazed Doctors
Peering at the two blue lines on the pregnancy test, Debbie Hughes reached for her reading glasses to check that her eyes werent deceiving her.
Fast approaching her 53rd birthday, she thought she was too old to conceive naturally and, besides, she was on the Pill. It was impossible, she thought, her stomach lurching with shock.
Panic rising, she re-read the instruction leaflet convinced there must be some mistake, or that the test was faulty. A second positive test, however, left no room for doubt.
Life-changing: Debbie Hughes with her son Kyle, who she conceived naturally at 53 even though she was on the Pill
When I saw the two blue lines my heart was thumping so hard I thought it would burst out of my chest, says Debbie, a grandmother-of-two. My first thought was, Im too old, this cant be right.
Debbie had only taken the test because her partner Paul Clarke, 45, a heavy goods vehicle driver, had joked Are you pregnant? when she complained of a bloated tummy after theyd shared a pizza.
Recommended Reading: Can You Get Pregnant At The Age Of 14
Benefits Of Being An Older Mom
Although it can be harder to get pregnant when you’re older, there are also some advantages to being an older mom, for both you and your baby. These include:
Healthier preschoolers with better language skills. Preschoolers with older mothers are healthier overall. They have increased immunization rates, fewer hospitalizations, and fewer unintentional injuries than those born to younger mothers. They also tend to have better language skills and verbal development.
Increased intelligence when you’re older. Women who gave birth after age 35 scored higher on tests of thinking and verbal memory when they were ages 41 to 92. Additionally, women who used contraceptives for over 10 years had better problem-solving skills and higher executive functioning skills when they were older.
Better parenting skills. It’s no secret that you probably have more patience than you did when you were younger. Older moms are less likely to discipline their children harshly or yell at them. They are better at setting boundaries as well. Children with older mothers tend to have fewer behavioral, social, and emotional issues.
Getting Pregnant During Menopause
As women age, their hormone levels fall and menopause begins, ultimately resulting in their ovaries no longer producing eggs. However, while many women believe that menopause happens overnight, the process can actually take years to complete, and until then, a woman can still get pregnant!
Don’t Miss: Is Smoking While Pregnant Bad
When To Get Help
The process of TTC can feel exhausting and frustrating at times, no matter how old you are. However, most women do not need to worry if it takes them a while to get pregnant. Women who are under the age of 35 and have been trying for at least one year, or women older than 35 who have been trying for at least six months, should consult a fertility specialist for help getting pregnant. You should also talk to your doctor if you want to conceive but have a health condition that may impact your fertility, such as endometriosis or PCOS .
Does Your Chance Of Getting Pregnant Decrease With Age
What can we deduce from this data, other than that your chances of pregnancy decrease with age?
Well, we can say that the chance of naturally ovulating a normal egg each month goes way down after a woman is 37 in fact, her chances of ovulating a normal egg are a little less than 60% each month.
Suppose you think thats still pretty good. In that case, youre right but remember, even normal eggs and embryos dont lead to a successful pregnancy 100% of the time, so saying the woman has a 60% chance of ovulating a normal egg each month is not the same as saying she has a 60% chance of pregnancy each month in fact, the figure is much lower .
On top of that, the aneuploidy rate increases faster after 37 and very rapidly after 40. Because aneuploidy usually means no pregnancy or a miscarriage, a high aneuploidy rate indicated a low sustained pregnancy rate.
Dr. Franasiaks data also allows us to deduce miscarriage prevalence among different age groups. Because we know aneuploidy is the leading cause of miscarriage, we can safely assume women in age groups with high aneuploidy rates would also have high miscarriage rates. In other words, the older the woman, the less chance she gets pregnant, and if she does, the higher the chance shell miscarry.
You May Like: How Does Your Stomach Feel When Your Pregnant
Learn To Recognize The Signs
Women in their fifties most likely reach menopause or are in their perimenopause stage of life. The signs of menopause can sometimes be similar to that of pregnancy, so it is important that you recognise the symptoms of pregnancy such as nausea, constipation, swollen breasts, and food sensitivity at 50.
Women’s Age And Fertility
A woman is born with all the eggs she is going to have in her lifetime. Her eggs age with her, decreasing in quality and quantity. Age is the single most important factor affecting a woman ‘s fertility. While good health improves the chance of getting pregnant and having a healthy baby, it doesn ‘t override the effects of age on a woman ‘s fertility.
A woman in her early to mid-20s has a 2530% chance of getting pregnant every month. Fertility generally starts to reduce when a woman is in her early 30s, and more so after the age of 35. By age 40, the chance of getting pregnant in any monthly cycle is around 5%.
Men’s Age And Fertility
While the effects of female age on fertility have been known for a long time, more recent studies have found that the age of the male partner also affects the chance of pregnancy and pregnancy health.
Male fertility generally starts to reduce around age 40 to 45 years when sperm quality decreases. Increasing male age reduces the overall chances of pregnancy and increases time to pregnancy and the risk of miscarriage and fetal death.
Children of older fathers also have an increased risk of mental health problems . Children of fathers aged 40 or over are 5 times more likely to develop an autism spectrum disorder than children of fathers aged 30 or less. They also have a slightly increased risk of developing schizophrenia and other mental health disorders later in life.
What Are The Benefits To Having A Baby Later In Life
While people have traditionally had children in their 20s and 30s, many feel that there are some advantages to waiting or adding another child to the family years after youve had your first.
You may wish to travel, establish or advance your career, or become more comfortable with your own identity before initially starting a family. These are all popular reasons for putting off first-time parenthood.
Or, you may find a partner later in life and decide you want children together. Or and this is completely legit! you may not want kids when youre younger, and then change your mind.
When youre in your 40s and 50s, youre perhaps more likely to have the financial stability and flexibility that can make it easier to care for children. Youll also have more life experiences.
Having children with a large gap in their ages also has benefits that appeal to many families. A mix of older and younger children allows for the older ones to take a more active role in caring for a new little one.
And if you already have children when you get pregnant in your 40s or even 50s, youll love the joys of parenthood all over again and likely with less stress than the first time around!
While having a baby later in life can be easier in some respects, it may also be more difficult to conceive. Your pregnancy will also automatically be considered high risk.
Some of the risks of having babies in your 50s include:
You May Like: Is Robitussin Cf Max Safe During Pregnancy
Potential Risks Of Pregnancy During Perimenopause
While there are always some risks involved in pregnancy, the risks are much higher during perimenopause. There is potential for a variety of complications and women who are pregnant during perimenopause are considered to be high-risk and should be monitored more closely by medical professionals.
Its important to know that women over the age of 40 have about a 50% chance of miscarriage. If you are a woman in your perimenopausal years and you are contemplating pregnancy, its highly recommended that you talk with your doctor to make sure you are well informed and medically cleared of any preexisting conditions that could complicate pregnancy even more.
Health risks during pregnancy that increase after the age of 35 can include:
- Premature or low birth weight
Chances Of Getting Pregnant By Age
It is no secret that a woman’s chances of conception decrease by age. Although the relationship between fertility and age is well known to women trying to conceive, many are searching for means to estimate the probability of getting pregnant at various ages.
Continue reading to learn everything about how your chances of getting pregnant by age change from your 20s to 50s so that you can make the best reproductive choices without compromising your chances for motherhood.
A woman’s 20s are her most fertile years. The ovarian reserve, which is the lifetime supply of eggs that can be used for ovulation, is abundant, and there are barely any chromosomal abnormalities that might cause fertility issues. As such, the risk of miscarriages is the lowest, about 10%.
Consequently, 20-year-old women have 25% chances of getting pregnant in any given menstrual cycle, which are the highest among all age groups. Within a year of active trying, about 96% women in early 20s and 86% of those in their mid-20s will successfully conceive.
Also Check: Is Restylane Safe During Pregnancy