Reproduction And Your Period
It is easier to conceive if your periods are regular. If you have irregular periods, contact your OB-Gyn to have the cause discovered and begin appropriate treatments. Even if you dont have normal periods, you will need to use birth control if you dont want to conceive. Over-the-counter prediction kits for ovulation can help you chart your fertile days more readily.
We look forward to talking with you about periods, ovulation and all of your womens healthcare issues. Contact us today to make an appointment with one of our physicians.
How To Regulate My Periods Naturally
Following home remedies help in regulating periods naturally :
Ovulation issue is a major cause causing infertility in women. But with proper awareness and treatment, one can easily deal with it and can enjoy the pleasure of being a mother.
Can A Girl Get Pregnant If Her Periods Are Irregular
I have irregular periods. Can I still get pregnant if I don’t get my period all the time? Kim*
Yes! Any time a girl has unprotected sex, she could get pregnant.
Getting pregnant is related to ovulation. Ovulation is the release of an egg from the ovaries. It is the time when a girl is most likely to get pregnant. A girl with irregular periods usually still ovulates, just not on a regular, predictable schedule.
All girls, especially girls with irregular periods, can ovulate at different points from cycle to cycle. That makes it impossible for a girl to know when she is most fertile. Irregular periods also can make it hard for a girl to know if she is pregnant, since she doesn’t know when to expect her period.
Having unprotected sex at any time is risky. Along with the risk of getting pregnant, you could also get an STD, such as chlamydia, genital warts, or HIV. The only way to completely prevent pregnancy and STDs is abstinence .
If you do have sex, use a condom every time to protect against unplanned pregnancy and STDs. For added protection, many couples use condoms along with another method of birth control, like birth control pills or an IUD. Talk to your doctor about the best type of birth control for you.
*Names have been changed to protect user privacy.
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Ovulations And Regular Periods
Assuming a normal menstrual cycle of 28 days, a healthy woman who is not using hormonal birth control will ovulate on the 14th day of her cycle. During ovulation, your ovaries release a mature egg that is ready for fertilization. After the egg is released, it remains alive for an amount of time between 12 and 24 hours. If the egg isnt fertilized, it disintegrates and gets absorbed into the uterine lining called the endometrium.
Two weeks after ovulation, the lining of the uterus will discharge from the vagina in the form of menstrual blood. This is called a true period, as the bleeding comes from the lining of the uterus, cervical mucus and blood.
How Long Should You Keep Sperm Inside To Get Pregnant
You may be wondering how long you should keep sperm inside of you to increase your chances of getting pregnant, but this isnt really something you need to or can control because sperm can live in the reproductive tract of a person with a uterus for up to five days, the Mayo Clinic explains. Instead of focusing on the sperm/semen, pay attention to when youre ovulating instead because you have the best chance of getting pregnant when live sperm are present in the fallopian tubes during ovulation. This means having sex regularly five days before and on the day of ovulation. There are several ways to monitor your ovulation schedule, including this ovulation calculator or using an ovulation test.
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When To Seek Help
- You havent had a period for three or more months.
- You have menstrual bleeding that lasts for more than a week.
- Youre soaking through a pad or tampon every hour or two, for several hours, during your period.
- Your periods are very painful.
- Youve been trying unsuccessfully to conceive for one year and are younger than 35 or for six months or longer and are 35 or older.
Strive For A Healthy Body Weight
A woman’s weight can also impact the chances of conceiving: Being overweight or underweight may reduce those odds. Research has shown that a woman who is overweight can take twice as long to become pregnant as a woman whose body-mass index is considered normal weight, Pavone said. A woman who is underweight might take four times as long to conceive, she said.
Having too much body fat produces excessestrogen, which can interfere with ovulation,according to the Cleveland Clinic. A 2017 study suggested that couples in the study in which both partners were very obese, with BMIs of at least 35, took from 55% to 59% longer to become pregnant, compared with couples who were not obese, the researchers reported in the journalHuman Reproduction.
In a study published in 2020 in the journal PLOS One, researchers looked at data from more than 50,000 couples in China trying to conceive over the course of a year they found that women’s ability to conceive within a given timeframe decreased as their BMI increased.
Male obesity, which can disrupt the male endocrine system as well as sperm viability and concentration, can also affect a couple’s ability to become pregnant, scientists reported in 2020 in the journalAndrologia.
Women who are underweight, with a BMI less than 18, might not be getting regular periods or could stop ovulating, which also hinders their ability to become pregnant, according to theUniversity of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority.
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Is There Medication Available To Get Pregnant With Irregular Periods
There are many medications that can help with irregular periods. Since the cause for irregular periods varies, the drugs target different concerns in your body. Some drugs take care of insulin resistance which could be the cause of PCOS. Some other drugs target ovulatory dysfunction. These drugs are usually fertility drugs. They can also be administered in the form of an injection.
However, it is important that you let your gynaecologist decide the best course of medication your body requires in order to address the concern of irregular periods. Your doctor will decide on a treatment plan only after a series of tests to determine the health of your various organs as well as the level of hormones in your body. Based on the findings from these tests, your doctor will prescribe the right medication for the same.
Can You Get Pregnant With An Irregular Period
Yes, women can get pregnant with an irregular period. However, the ability to get pregnant decreases significantly. The disadvantage is ovulation becomes difficult to determine. The pregnancy success rate of a healthy woman with a regular cycle is 30%. Studies show this decreases exponentially if periods are off by ten days or more.
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Picking The Right Time To Intercourse Is Important
Getting pregnant fast depends very largely on timing. Women should estimate the time of ovulation. Which is the time when a mature egg is released from the ovary and moves down the fallopian tube where it can be fertilized. This means that ovulation is the time of the month when youre most likely to get pregnant.
Take a look at this video to understand better how fertilization occurs.
Ovulation usually occurs 12 to 14 days before your next period starts. Pregnancy is technically only possible if you have sex during the five days before ovulation or on the day of ovulation. Having sex during this time gives you the best chance of getting pregnant.
If you skip the key days, no matter how often you and your partner have sex, you probably wont get pregnant.
Therefore, the biggest mistake is not knowing exactly when the ovulation time is.
But what happens when you have irregular periods. Tracking your ovulation days is not so easy.
A Curious Case Of Anovulation
Irregular periods may also be a sign of anovulation. During the menstrual cycle, a mature egg releases. When ovulation does not occur, the cycle is anovulatory. Though not a disease, research shows consistent anovulation indicates an underlying fertility or hormonal issue. In most cases, doctors prescribe fertility drugs or other treatment to improve ovulation and regulate the period.
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How Do Irregular Periods Affect Your Chances Of Getting Pregnant
Irregular periods can be a sign of anovulation which means that your ovaries are not releasing ova on a regular basis. Only when the eggs are being released by the ovaries can they be fertilized. Other reasons for irregular periods that affect your chances of getting pregnant are thyroid imbalances, hormonal imbalances, PCOS, hyperprolactinemia, premature ovarian failure, and low ovarian reserves. In the last condition, the number of eggs in each ovary is lesser than usual.
It is highly important that the reason for your irregular periods be correctly diagnosed and, if possible, rectified. Only then will your chances of conceiving improve. Irregular periods after marriage and chances of pregnancy are interlinked and must be addressed as quickly as possible.
Calculate Your Fertile Window
To calculate your Fertile Window, you need to determine what day you ovulate.To do this, you need to know the length of your menstrual cycle . To calculate this you should note how many days have passed from the first day of bleeding in your last period, to the first day of bleeding in your next.From this figure, subtract 14 days from the end of your current cycle to determine the day you ovulate.If you have irregular menstrual cycles, or your cycle length varies from month to month, it will be difficult to calculate your ovulation date. Ovulation urine tests may be useful, and you should consider seeking further advice from your GP or a Fertility Specialist.
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Swap Out Your Partners Tight Underwear
Time to make the switch to boxers and trade your partners favorite skinny jeans for a less restrictive pair. Tight underwear and pants can have a negative effect on a mans sperm count and quality a study found that men who wear more forgiving options have higher sperm concentration and count than those who prefer bottoms that leave little to the imagination.
Irregular Periods And Ovulation
Its possible to ovulate without later bleeding like a period. This often occurs because of previous uterine scarring or certain hormonal medications.
Its also possible to have menstrual-like bleeding without ovulation. This generally happens when the uterine lining becomes so thick it becomes unstable and naturally sloughs off.
The uterine lining can become thick without ovulation if the hormone estrogen, which is produced prior to ovulation, continues to be secreted unopposed by the other female hormone, progesterone, which is produced after ovulation.
There are many possible causes for irregular menstruation, and many of the causes can affect ovulation or make getting pregnant more difficult. In some cases, the cause of irregular menstruation is unknown.
Some causes that may affect ovulation and your ability to carry a pregnancy include:
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When Does Conception Take Place
Conception starts at the moment of fertilisation, when the sperm penetrates the outer shell of the egg, and an embryo is formed. Over the next four to six days the embryo moves down the fallopian tube to the uterus, where it implants in the uterus lining and hopefully continues to grow. To check if you are pregnant, you should wait two weeks after ovulation before undertaking a pregnancy test.
Irregular Periods And Getting Pregnant
Irregular or abnormal ovulation accounts for 30% to 40% of all cases of infertility. Having irregular periods, no periods, or abnormal bleeding often indicates that you aren’t ovulating, a condition known clinically as anovulation.
Although anovulation can usually be treated with fertility drugs, it is important to be evaluated for other conditions that could interfere with ovulation, such as thyroid conditions or abnormalities of the adrenal or pituitary glands.
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Ovulation Problems And Pregnancy
If your doctor has determined that you are infertile because of irregular periods due to an underlying medical condition, the recommended treatment is to take care of the underlying problem. If there is not underlying reason why you arent ovulating, the doctor can use drugs that can stimulate ovulation, which will, in turn, regulate your cycles.
Clomiphene citrate is marketed as Serophene and Clomid. This drug is often given as a first choice for infertile females because it can cause the release of the egg from the ovaries in a relatively predictable pattern. This will increase your chances of having a more regular cycle by causing ovulation to occur a few days after taking this medication. Clomiphene citrate is an especially effective tool for enhancing ovulation because it doesnt need to be injected but is instead an oral pill taken in the first few days of the menstrual cycle.
In fact, clomiphene citrate can induce ovulation in women suffering from a lack of ovulation, also referred to as anovulation. Studies indicate that it works so well that as many as 10 percent of women taking clomiphene citrate for anovulation will have twins or triplets. This compares to a rate of just about 1 percent in women who dont take ovulation-stimulating drugs.
How Do Irregular Periods Affect My Chances Of Getting Pregnant
Irregular periods mean that you will not know when ovulation happens and may not even ovulate. To get pregnant, a woman needs to ovulate so as to produce an egg that can be fertilized by the sperm. This condition where ovulation does not happen is known as anovulation and can be treated with fertility drugs.
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Irregular Periods And Pregnancy: How To Improve The Chances Of Getting Pregnant
First of all, you have to do everything possible to bring some regularity to your menstrual cycle. An important condition is to change your diet in order to improve your hormonal balance. And that can help regularize your cycle.
Here are some other useful things you can do:
1. Calculate Your Ovulation
If you have irregular cycles, it will be difficult to determine you ovulation without special tools. The most popular ones are: ovulation predictor kits, examining your cervical mucus and measuring your basal body temperature. The best way is to combine the three.
Another key factor is weight. Under or excessive weight can equally impair normal conception. There is a minimum weight for a woman to get pregnant normally. On the other hand, obesity can disrupt the normal production of hormones or increase insulin levels, causing overproduction of male hormones at the expense of egg production.
2. Have a Checkup
Consulting a gynecologist is very important if you have problems with conception. The specialist can determine professionally why your cycle is irregular by doing a checkup and prescribing blood tests. After that he/she may suggest different ways of conception, varying from alternative medicine to artificial insemination or in vitro procedure.
3. Eat Healthy
4. Take Medication
5. Maintain a Healthy Weight
6. Do Some Regular Exercise
7. More Tips for You
If you and your partner want to learn more about increasing your chances to get pregnant, watch this video:
When You Should See A Doctor About Getting Pregnant
About 80% of couples conceive in the first 6 months of trying. That number increases to 85% after 12 months. If you have regular menstrual cycles and have been trying to conceive for a year, then its a good idea to talk to your OBGYN about it. We will evaluate to see if there are other issues that make it harder for you and your partner to conceive.
If youre over 35 years old, have this conversation with your doctor soonerafter youve been trying to conceive for 6 months. If you are in your 40s and want to have a baby, its better to speak with your OBGYN right away because often fertility treatments can be started right away.
No matter your age, if you know you have irregular periods , get evaluated sooner. If you have other health problems, make a preconception visit to make sure these conditions are optimized prior to conceiving.
Before you are referred to a fertility clinic, your OBGYN can rule out and/or treat common issues. Sometimes we can recommend small changes that can help you get pregnant.
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S To Get Pregnant With Irregular Periods
The first step before you want to get pregnant you should visit your personal doctor
This is an important step because you need to check yourself for any health issues. You should always talk to your doctor if you have irregular periods so that they can rule out underlying medical conditions or more serious causes.
If you find out any issue or disease disturbing your body, you should first take treatment to cure it to have a good pregnancy later.
The doctor will tell you about any issues and it will help you to consider your food menu and other activities. After visiting the doctor, the next thing is following the instructions given by your doctor.
The second step Quitting unhealthy activates
When you decide to get pregnant, its time to make some healthy lifestyle changes. If you have some unhealthy habits such as drinking, smoking, and eating too much junk food, it can be harmful to your and to your babys health.
You should start eating healthy foods and exercise. This eating routine should be started a few weeks before getting pregnant. It will help your body later during the pregnancy period.
You can read more information about what to eat to conceive here.
The third step Tracking your ovulation days
When your periods are irregular, predicting ovulation and timing intercourse to up pregnancy changes can be difficult. This is when the ovulation tests and other ovulation predictor kits can help.
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