What To Do About Bleeding After Sex During Pregnancy
If you notice spotting or very light flow, don’t insert a tampon. Instead, wear a pad. If the bleeding is copious or doesn’t stop flowing, or is accompanied by moderate to severe cramping, fever, back and pelvic pressure, or contractions, call your practitioner right away to find out what’s causing it.
Key Points About Pain And Bleeding In Early Pregnancy
Contact your midwife or GP, or go to the nearest emergency department if you have any of the following symptoms:
Does Bleeding Mean I Am Having A Miscarriage Or Might Lose My Baby
Bleeding in early pregnancy is very common and does not necessarily mean you are having a miscarriage. Many women who experience bleeding in early pregnancy go on to have healthy babies.
In some cases, bleeding can be the first sign of a miscarriage. If you are experiencing bleeding in early pregnancy, contact your doctor or midwife for advice.
Don’t Miss: How To Remedy Pregnancy Nausea
Serious Causes Of Bleeding
In some cases, bleeding after having sex can point to a more serious problem. However, know that having sex likely did not cause any of these complications.
If you experience heavy bleeding, this is not normal and should warrant getting immediate medical attention.
Here are some more serious causes of bleeding in pregnancy.
Bleeding In Pregnancy When You Have Had A Previous Miscarriage
If you have bleeding in your current pregnancy after one or more previous miscarriages, recent research has shown that progesterone can be beneficial. This research was published in 2019 and showed that the more previous miscarriages you had, the greater the benefit from progesterone treatment.
Progesterone is a hormone that helps thicken the lining of the womb and the mothers body to accept the growing baby. It is given as pessaries and taken twice daily in the vagina .
The study that showed that progesterone can be an effective treatment was a large, multi-centre, randomised controlled trial, which is the gold standard of research trials.
Don’t Miss: Does Pregnancy Cause Stomach Pain
Is Bleeding For One Day A Sign Of Pregnancy
Implantation bleeding is often mild and brief, lasting only a few days. It normally happens 1014 days following conception, or around the time you last had your period. Vaginal bleeding, on the other hand, has been recorded at any point throughout the first eight weeks of pregnancy. Spotting is also frequent before a menstrual cycle begins. This usually starts about a week after ovulation occurs.
While it’s normal to experience some blood-related symptoms during early pregnancy, if you are experiencing heavy bleeding or have no signs of pregnancy then see your doctor immediately.
Heavy menstrual bleeding can be caused by many factors including hormonal changes due to pregnancy. If you’re not sure whether you’re pregnant or not then ask your doctor to do a pregnancy test just to be safe.
What Comes First: Implantation Bleeding Or A Positive Pregnancy Test
Implantation bleeding occurs in the early stages of pregnancy. It shows as a smear of blood on your underwear or toilet paper a few days before or after the first positive pregnancy test. This blood is called “implantation bleeding.”
The first sign that a woman may be pregnant is the rise in serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin levels from the corpus luteum. A serum -hCG level below 5 mIU/mL indicates a very low risk of pregnancy, whereas a level above 10 mIU/mL requires immediate medical attention because these results indicate a high risk of pregnancy.
A woman’s body starts making hCG soon after fertilization when an egg is released from her ovary. This hormone is also made by the placenta and responsible for many important functions during pregnancy. The amount of hCG in the blood increases as the size of the fetus grows along with the mother’s belly. Women who are trying to conceive should ask their doctors about taking a home pregnancy test at this time to confirm that they are actually pregnant.
The first sign of pregnancy is the rise in serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin levels from the corpus luteum.
Recommended Reading: How To Boost Immune System While Pregnant
Can You Test Positive For Implantation Bleeding
If you’re having implantation bleeding, which happens when the fertilized egg adheres to the uterine lining, you might not be far enough along in your pregnancy to achieve a positive result on a home pregnancy test. Such bleeding is usually the first sign that a woman is pregnant, but it can also start as late as 12 days after conception. Women who are over the age of 35 or have a history of infertility are more likely to experience implantation failure and thus be at risk for a post-fertilization loss. A blood test can identify hormones produced by growing embryos and may indicate success or failure based on how many hormones are detected.
Implantation bleeding can be difficult to recognize due to its similarity with menses. However, if you are experiencing heavy bleeding from between 1-4 weeks after conceiving, see your doctor immediately so that any issues can be addressed in a timely manner.
What Causes Bleeding In Early Pregnancy
In most cases we do not find a reason for the bleeding and the pregnancy continues with no effect on the baby.
However these are some reasons why vaginal bleeding may occur:
Implantation site bleeding
As part of the normal development the pregnancy attaches itself to the lining of your uterus . This can cause some of the blood vessels from your womb to bleed. This does not harm you or your baby and there is nothing that you need to do differently.
Haematoma or small area of bruising
This is also referred to as extrachorionic haemorrhage . This is seen on an ultrasound scan as a small area of bleeding near the pregnancy. If your scan shows one it will either be reabsorbed by your body or come away naturally as mild vaginal bleeding for a few weeks until it stops altogether. It does not harm you or your pregnancy.
You do not need a repeat scan in early pregnancy to check on it. You do not need to do anything differently although avoiding heavy lifting may settle your symptoms sooner.
During pregnancy an area on the neck of your womb can develop which is soft and rich in blood supply. This is a normal process but may cause bleeding. This area may be found during an internal examination.
It is not harmful to you or your baby and you do not need to do anything differently although you may find that sexual intercourse and vigorous exercise may cause bleeding.
Recommended Reading: What Vitamins Do Pregnant Need To Take
When To Worry About Spotting During Pregnancy
Spotting or bleeding during pregnancy is not expected and may be abnormal, but it is not always a cause for concern. However, it is important to contact your healthcare provider to discuss the symptoms you are experiencing. The good news is that 50% of women with bleeding during pregnancy go on to have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.
Any spotting or bleeding in the second or third trimesters should be reported to your healthcare provider immediately. In the first trimester, spotting is somewhat more common, but should also be reported to your doctor or midwife.
Call your obstetrician especially if you notice heavy bleeding similar to a menstrual period to make sure the bleeding is not a result of pregnancy complications, such as an ectopic pregnancy. Abnormal bleeding in late pregnancy may be more serious because it can signal a complication with you or your baby. Call your doctor as soon as possible if you experience any bleeding in your second or third trimester. Your healthcare provider will most likely check for cervical polyps, and make sure your cervix is closed.
To help manage your spotting during pregnancy and to increase the probability of continuing with a healthy pregnancy, your healthcare provider may encourage you to do the following:
How Is Pain And Bleeding In Early Pregnancy Treated
Treatment depends on your test results and the cause of your symptoms. Your midwife or GP will decide and let you know what’s next based on the results of your tests. If you are having a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, treatment will focus on the condition. Read more about treatment of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. If you are having heavy bleeding and are unwell, you will need to be admitted to the hospital for emergency care. If your symptoms are not severe, you may be kept in the hospital for observation for a short period of time. If your test results are inconclusive, you will be asked to go back to the hospital for a follow-up in the next few days for repeat scans and blood tests.
You May Like: What Can I Eat While Pregnant App
Bleeding From The Placenta
A vaginal bleed without pain might be caused by an abnormally placed placenta. Its quite common to have a low-lying placenta in early pregnancy.
Usually, by the third trimester, the placenta will have moved up as the uterus grows and is further away from the cervix. Sometimes, though, this doesnt happen.
Here are three different placental problems that can result in a vaginal bleed:
Placenta previa will usually result in a vaginal bleed at some point in your pregnancy usually after the 20-week mark.
There are different degrees of severity, but all cases of placenta previa require repeat ultrasounds for an accurate diagnosis.
If you have a placenta previa, to prevent risk to your baby, your doctor might recommend bed rest, induction, or c-section if the placenta remains over or too close to the cervix.
This article about placenta previa has more information.
Another cause of vaginal bleeding later in pregnancies is placental abruption. This is where the placenta partially or completely separates from the wall of the uterus.
Symptoms include severe pain and bleeding.
The blood might be visible or remain in the uterus, which will be tense, tight, hard to the touch and very painful.
Contact your doctor or health care professional if you have any of these symptoms and go immediately to your nearest emergency department.
Depending on the severity of the bleeding, you might be recommended bed rest, an induction, or even a c-section.
What Questions Will My Doctor Ask Me About Bleeding During Pregnancy
Your healthcare provider may ask you several questions to find the cause of your vaginal bleeding and understand your symptoms. Some questions you may be asked are:
- Have you had vaginal bleeding in prior pregnancies?
- Have you had prior surgeries on your uterus or cervix?
- How heavy is your bleeding?
- Does the blood fill a panty liner?
- What color is the blood?
- Does the blood contain clots or tissue?
- Do you have any pain or cramping?
- Have you been exercising or standing more?
- Have you fallen lately?
- When did you last have sex? Did you bleed afterward?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Bleeding at any point in pregnancy can be scary. Sometimes bleeding during pregnancy is serious, but other times it isnt. Its important to contact your healthcare provider to discuss any vaginal bleeding you experience while pregnant. They’ll want to rule out any complications, find the cause of your bleeding and make sure you and your fetus are healthy.
Don’t Miss: How To Prevent Stretch Marks After Pregnancy
What Should I Do If I Bleed During Pregnancy
If you bleed during pregnancy, contact your doctor or midwife. Your antenatal care provider can give you advice about what to do next.
It can be helpful to note down details about what you have been experiencing. This may include:
- the amount and colour of any discharge
- whether you have passed any clots
- whether you have had any abdominal pain
If you are having heavy bleeding, its a good idea to keep your pads or stained clothes to show your doctor or midwife.
Bleeding In Ivf Pregnancies: Why It Happens & What You Need To Do
Are you bleeding after your IVF pregnancy?
In this post, you will learn:
- How common early pregnancy bleeding after in vitro fertilization is,
- Why it happens, and
- What you need to do about it.
Lets get started.
Although I am a physician by profession, I am not YOUR physician. All content and information on this website are for informational and educational purposes only. It does not constitute medical advice and does not establish any kind of doctor-client relationship by your use of this website. Although I strive to provide accurate general information, the information presented here is not intended for the prevention or treatment of disease and it is not a substitute for medical or professional advice. You should not rely solely on this information. Always consult your physician in the area for your particular needs and circumstances prior to making any decisions whatsoever. Those who do not seek counsel from the appropriate health care authority assume the liability of any damage, loss, or injury which may occur.
Read Also: How To Know Your Pregnant Without Symptoms
What Are The Causes Of Pain And Bleeding In Early Pregnancy
Possible causes of pain and/or bleeding in early pregnancy include the following:
- Implantation bleed this usually happens around the time your period would have been due. It happens when the developing embryo attaches itself to the wall of your womb. The bleeding is usually light and there is no pain.
- Cervical bleed your cervix is prone to bleeding in pregnancy due to hormonal changes and increased blood flow to your cervix. This can also happen after sex. This bleeding is usually harmless but if you have had an abnormal cervical smear or are overdue a cervical smear, your cervix must be checked by a doctor to make sure that there is no abnormality on your cervix.
- Miscarriage this is the loss of the pregnancy before 20 weeks gestation. Read more about miscarriage.
- Ectopic pregnancy this is a pregnancy that occurs outside of your womb. Read more about ectopic pregnancy.
Other causes of pain and/or bleeding not related to pregnancy include:
- vaginal/cervical injury
- other causes of abdominal pain, such as a urinary tract infection , appendicitis or constipation.
What Are The Signs Of A Miscarriage
Call 911 or go to an emergency room immediately if you have any of these signs of miscarriage:
- Severe pain or cramps low in the abdomen
- Severe bleeding, with or without pain
- Vaginal discharge containing tissue
- Fever higher than 100.4° F
If you have heavy bleeding during pregnancy, dont use a tampon. Wear a pad and dont change it before heading to the emergency room, says Dr. Svokos. Doctors need to know how much youre bleeding whether the blood is pink, brown or red and if its smooth or full of clots. Be sure to bring any tissue that passes through your vagina in for testing, too.
Your doctor will use vaginal and abdominal ultrasounds to determine the cause of your bleeding. If a miscarriage does occur, it often means the baby wasnt developing normally.
Most women who miscarry go on to have healthy pregnancies, but having a miscarriage is one of the most challenging things a woman and her partner can go through. Dont rush the grieving process. Finding a support group or counselor can help a lot.
Also Check: How To Lose Weight While Pregnant If Obese
Should I Worry About Spotting
Some spotting is normal very early in pregnancy. Still, it is a good idea to tell your provider about it.
If you have had an ultrasound that confirms you have a normal pregnancy, call your provider the day you first see the spotting.
If you have spotting and have not yet had an ultrasound, contact your provider right away. Spotting can be a sign of a pregnancy where the fertilized egg develops outside the uterus . An untreated ectopic pregnancy can be life-threatening for the woman.
What Does Vaginal Bleeding During Pregnancy Look Like
Bleeding during pregnancy can look different for everyone. Your healthcare provider will want to know what your blood looks like so they can evaluate your symptoms. Some details you will want to track include:
- The color of your blood: Your blood might be brown, pink or bright red.
- The consistency of your blood: Is it smooth, thick or watery? Does it contain clots?
- How much blood there is: Did you see a few drops? Or are you filling a pad?
All of these details can help your healthcare provider determine the level of care you need and how urgent your symptoms are. Because bleeding at any time in pregnancy could indicate a problem, its always recommended to call your provider.
Don’t Miss: Can I Be Pregnant On My Period
What Causes Heavy Bleeding During Pregnancy
If you are having heaving bleeding while pregnant, then you should see your doctor immediately. If your pregnancy is before 24 weeks, its likely you have miscarriage.
- Do you feel pregnancy symptoms and signs?
- Do you have heavy blot clots
- Do you feel like fainting with severe abdomen pain?
However, if you experience heavy bleeding after 24 28 weeks, then its likely due to placenta previa.