When Is The Lowest Chance Of Getting Pregnant

What Are The Chances Of Getting Pregnant During Ovulation

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Ovulation occurs in the middle of a 28 day cycle. If your menstrual cycle is more than 28 days, then ovulation will occur 14 days before when youre expecting your next period. Unprotected intercourse on the day of ovulation results to 36 percent chance of pregnancy. After ovulation, the probability of getting pregnant decreases.

How Not To Get Pregnant

If you want to get pregnant, plan to get frisky halfway between periods for the best chances. But if youre trying to avoid pregnancy, dont use your period as a guide. Instead, choose a reliable form of birth control.

Thats the best way to prevent pregnancy, Dr. Stephens says.

Yeah, you probably already knew that. But now you know the whole story.

You’re Most Likely To Conceive In The Five Days Around Ovulation

“The most fertile time of your cycle is right around ovulation,” says Minkin.

During ovulation, you release an egg from your ovaries into one of your fallopian tubes where it can be fertilized by sperm. But if that egg isn’t fertilized within 12 to 24 hours, it breaks down and, essentially, dies.

However, the time when you’re most likely to get pregnant is longer than 24 hours. That’s because sperm have a longer lifespan, living inside a person’s body for 3 to 5 days.

So, “if some sperm are deposited a day or so in advance , that’s fine,” says Minkin, because the sperm will still be around when the egg is released.

Therefore, you’re most likely to conceive if you have sex in the five days surrounding ovulation and the day of ovulation. But don’t overdo it.

If you have sex too often, the amount of sperm in each ejaculation might be less concentrated and “it may not be as effective at getting you pregnant,” says Minkin. Once a day, or every other day, seems to give the best results.

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The Lowest Chance Of Pregnancy

Because of how unpredictable the human body can be, and all of the factors involved, you can ostensibly get pregnant at any point in the cycle, which also means that the exact point of least fertility is hard to gauge.

Some theorize that you are least likely to get pregnant immediately after ovulation, just before the beginning of your next period. Right after ovulation, you donât have a viable egg for a sperm cell to fertilize, and you are far enough away from the next ovulation that you donât have to worry about sperm cells surviving long enough to fertilize a mature egg. However, this can get more complicated for those with shorter cycles .

The generally understood idea is that you are less likely to get pregnant on your period. This usually applies to people with cycles lasting 28 days or longer. For shorter cycles lasting 21 days, itâs still possible to get pregnant. For example, if you have sex on the last day of your period and the sperm cell survives for five days, it may fertilize an egg following early ovulation. However, the probabilities are low .

According to the Human Reproduction Journal, you are least likely to get pregnant on day 4 of your cycle, which suggests a 2 percent possibility of pregnancy. This aligns with the idea that your period offers the lowest chance of pregnancy .

For more information, learn about what affects fertility, how to calculate fertile window, and how to add a fertility diet to increase chances of pregnancy on our blog.

Does Tracking My Ovulation Help Me Get Pregnant Faster

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The first step in maximizing the chances of conception is by estimating the time of ovulation. Ovulation is that time of the menstrual cycle wherein the egg is released from the ovary and travels towards the Fallopian tube. If you have regular menstrual cycles, ovulation usually occurs 12-14 days prior to the onset of the next menstrual flow. Simply counting back fourteen days from the expected date of the onset of next period should be the time of ovulation.

You should have intercourse for several days before, the day of, and the day after the expected time of ovulation. There is usually some variation in the time of ovulation even in women with regular cycles, so a few extra days of intercourse before and after expected ovulation is advised.

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How Does Age Affect A Woman’s Ability To Have Children

Many women are waiting until their 30s and 40s to have children. In fact, about 20 percent of women in the United States now have their first child after age 35. So age is a growing cause of fertility problems. About one-third of couples in which the woman is over 35 have fertility problems.

Aging decreases a woman’s chances of having a baby in the following ways:

  • Her ovaries become less able to release eggs
  • She has a smaller number of eggs left
  • Her eggs are not as healthy
  • She is more likely to have health conditions that can cause fertility problems
  • She is more likely to have a miscarriage

What Are The Chances Of Getting Pregnant Without Protection

Depending on when you have unprotected sex, you could have a high chance of getting pregnant. Condoms are about 85 percent effective, and a birth control pill for women, on average, is about 99 percent effective. By removing all these barriers, youâre opening yourself up for a much greater chance of pregnancy. The highest chance of getting pregnant is during ovulation. The best way to know when youâre the most fertile is to track your ovulation via symptoms or ovulation kits and speak with your doctor. Your doctor will be able to guide you toward figuring out the best plan to conceive â then comes the fun part of practicing.

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We Had Sex In Water Am I Pregnant

Sperm is destroyed rather quickly in water due to osmotic shock, so unless the ejaculation occurred within your body, chances are very slim you are pregnant. If the semen was inside of you, the sex being within water would have no effect on your chances of getting pregnant.

After you take all of the above into consideration, you should be able to calculate your own chances of getting pregnantor being pregnant for that matterto answer the question, am I pregnant? However, weve also created this convenient chances of pregnancy quiz to help you out. Were fine-tuning this still, so if your situation isnt covered or you have any suggestions, comments, or tips, feel free to drop us a comment. We love hearing from our readers!

What Is Tubal Ligation

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Tubal ligation, sometimes referred to as female sterilization, is a birth control method that involves surgically blocking both uterine tubes to prevent the egg and sperm from meeting. The uterine tubes can be removed, cut and tied with a special thread or tied with special tapes or a clamp. An electric current can also be used to seal the tubes.

Tubal ligation is considered a permanent form of birth control. In fact, research suggests that the chances of getting pregnant after tubal ligation during C-section are less than one percent.

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Low Sperm Count Affects Pregnancy

Thanks to high school biology, everyone knows that one sperm is necessary to fertilize an egg during conception. For that one sperm to reach the egg, millions and millions of sperm must make the journey. Unfortunately, low sperm count can significantly reduce the chances of pregnancy. In severe cases, an abnormally low sperm count can mean infertility. Yet, there are some ways to still get pregnant despite the diagnosis.

What If My Periods Are Irregular

If the cycles are irregular and unpredictable, chances are there is a problem with ovulation and estimating the time of ovulation becomes difficult, and professional assistance may be sought. Another option for a woman with irregular cycles is the use of ovulation predictor kits now available over-the-counter at most drug and grocery stores. These kits can be used to determine the approximate time of ovulation by detecting urinary hormone elevations that precede ovulation. Another approach is to have intercourse every other day throughout the menstrual cycle. This approach will take out the stress or anxiety involved in timing intercourse.

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Tips For A Healthy Pregnancy If Youre Pregnant At 45

The best ways to tip the odds so that your pregnancy is a healthy one are to:

  • See your doctor before you try to conceive to make sure that any appropriate testing is performed and medications are adjusted to maximize the safety of your pregnancy.
  • See your doctor regularly during your pregnancy and follow all recommendations, including the ones about screening and diagnostic tests.
  • Stay on top of any chronic conditions by taking your doctor-recommended medications.
  • Eat well by following a healthy pregnancy diet.

Getting Pregnant In Your 20s

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Many sources, including the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, still believe that a womans best years to have a baby are her 20s. A healthy couple under 30 has approximately a 95% chance of getting pregnant after a year of having unprotected sex. Unless you have a health condition impacting fertility, such as endometriosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome , you can reasonably expect to get pregnant in your 20s with relative ease. Your risks of miscarriage, pregnancy complications, and genetic problems with your baby are also lowest in your 20s, given that you are overall healthy.

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What Can I Do To Get Pregnant Faster

You can increase your chances of becoming pregnant if you time intercourse for the day of or the days before.

detect the surge of a hormone called LH which peaks 24 36 hours prior to ovulation. Using an ovulation test as soon as you start trying to conceive will help you understand your menstrual cycle and quickly identify any cycle length irregularities. While an ovulation test may not be able to remove your stress completely, it can give you confidence that you are maximizing your chances of getting pregnant.

Clearblue Ovulation Tests are at least 99% accurate at detecting your LH surge.

If after three you have not detected ovulation , we would advise you to see your doctor.

Fertility In The Aging Female

A womans best reproductive years are in her 20s. Fertility gradually declines in the 30s, particularly after age 35. Each month that she tries, a healthy, fertile 30-year-old woman has a 20% chance of getting pregnant. That means that for every 100 fertile 30-year-old women trying to get pregnant in 1 cycle, 20 will be successful and the other 80 will have to try again. By age 40, a womans chance is less than 5% per cycle, so fewer than 5 out of every 100 women are expected to be successful each month.

Women do not remain fertile until menopause. The average age for menopause is 51, but most women become unable to have a successful pregnancy sometime in their mid-40s. These percentages are true for natural conception as well as conception using fertility treatment, including in vitro fertilization . Although stories in the news media may lead women and their partners to believe that they will be to able use fertility treatments such as IVF to get pregnant, a womans age affects the success rates of infertility treatments. The age-related loss of female fertility happens because both the quality and the quantity of eggs gradually decline.

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Understanding Your Odds Of Pregnancy By Age

Haley Fritz

Banafsheh Kashani


From your doctor asking if youre thinking about getting pregnant soon to nosy relatives asking when youre going to settle down, you may have felt your biological clock counting down already. With all the pressure placed on women to have a baby by a certain age, it can be easy to feel like your fertility is a ticking time bomb.

Thankfully, age does not necessarily limit your fertility as much as you may think. More and more women are choosing to wait until their 30s and 40s to have a child for reasons like pursuing career goals, traveling the world, or finding the right partner.

Still, that does not mean that your fertility is an unlimited reserve. While its becoming more common and, thanks to modern medical technology, safer to have children at an older age, your fertility still changes significantly as you get older. Heres what you need to know to understand your odds of pregnancy by age.

Odds Of Getting Pregnant By Intercourse Timing:

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The fertility window is from 5 days before ovulation up to ovulation itself. Its important to note this is based on the fact that while most studies agree sperm remain viable up to 5 days , research on the eggs survival range is more conflicting. The mean viability of an egg is generally accepted at 12 hours . However, on the early side, an egg may only survive mere hours, and on the lateand longshot a rare egg may make it a full 48.

The most complete study done on the odds of getting pregnant on any given day was done in 2013 and published in the Oxford Journal of Human Reproduction. While its findings ran similar to others done on the topic, it was the first to counter in maternal age, cycle regularity, and ethnicity. It presented two sets of data. One simply factored in cycle day and ignored ovulation date. The other was based on the probability of pregnancy depending on when in the fertile window intercourse was. I know, this seems quite confusing. For example, one graph shows that the maximum chance of pregnancy occurs on day 15 at 13.1 percent. However, the other graph shows a maximum chance of 36 percent on the day of ovulation.

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Right After Your Period

Its unlikely youll start your fertile window so early in your cycle, and therefore itd be really rare to get pregnant right after your period.

Again, you usually dont ovulate until around the middle of your cycle so the days right after your period would most likely not fall into your 6-day fertile window.

There are a few different ways to figure out when youre in the baby-making phase .

Whats The Chance Of Getting Pregnant If You Had Unprotected Sex

There is a good chance that you could get pregnant nearly any time that you engage in sexual intercourse without using an effective birth control. This scenario is familiar to most women.

Pregnancy usually occurs around the ovulation period, the time when your ovary releases egg in the fallopian tube. If you are having regular periods, ovulation will take place midway between your menstrual periods.

Ovulation usually happens midway between the first-day of 2 consecutive periods, but this can vary from the eight day to the twentieth day of a 28-day cycle.

Researchers calculate the average risk at varying times in a monthly cycle of a woman, but you should know that your risk can be lower or higher.

You cannot know the definite time of your ovulation, which is why the researchers use the monthly cycle of a woman when calculating the average risk for pregnancy.

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How To Tell When You’re Ovulating

Since it’s such a small window, pinning down when you start to ovulate can be tricky. Here are some tips:

  • Track your cycle: To start, try tracking your cycle. Ovulation takes place around 14 days before your period begins. Count back from when your period is expected to arrive to find out when you should ovulate. If you have a 29-day cycle, you’ll ovulate around day 15, but if you have a longer cycle of 35 days, you’ll ovulate around day 21, says Minkin.
  • Monitor your cervical fluid: When the texture is creamy and the color is white, that indicates that you’re approaching ovulation, and when the fluid becomes slippery, stretchy, and clear, it’s a sign that you may be ovulating.
  • Take your temperature: Another strategy is to take your basal body temperature, which is your body temperature at rest. Measure it in the morning, when you’re still in bed, before eating or doing any activity. During ovulation, your temperature will rise slightly, by about 0.5 to 1 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Ovulation predictor kit: The most accurate way to predict ovulation is with an ovulation predictor kit, says Minkin. These urine tests are available over-the-counter at drugstores and detect the presence of hormones that indicate ovulation. Minkin recommends the First Response ovulation test for its accuracy and ease of use.

Is Day 14 Your Most Fertile Day

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You may have heard that day 14 of your cycle is when you ovulate. As a result, many women have sex on day 11, 12, and 13, thinking this will give them the best chance at conception. But many women don’t ovulate on day 14. Normal ovulation can occur as early as day 10 and as late as day 20. If you have irregular cycles, ovulation can occur even later.

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Trying Very Late In Life

The difference in fertility goes down by almost 50% from your 20s to your 40s. If you really want a child, it is better to try while you have better chances for success.

When it comes to conception, timing is almost everything but only almost! There are still several other factors that can affect your chances of being able to get pregnant. Make sure you take the necessary precautions and measures to achieve your objective and stay healthy.

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