Are Iuds A Safe Form Of Birth Control
Safety is a concern when using any kind of medication. However, most women can use an IUD safely, especially when only one sexual partner is involved. Certain preexisting conditions, such as sexually transmitted infections, cancer, and pelvic infection following recent a childbirth or abortion may increase the risk of complications. In rare cases, the IUD can penetrate the uterus and in very rare cases, it can end up outside the uterus. Typically, any complications that result from IUD use are easily treated.
If youre interested in using an IUD, your healthcare provider will discuss any potential risks and complications and make sure its the right choice for you.
Where Do You Get The Iud
To get an IUD, go to a nearby clinic. A clinician will fit you for the IUD, and insert it. The cost of the IUD varies but at most clinics in California it may be available for free. All four of the above IUDs are FDA approved methods of birth control and should be covered by insurance without a co-pay. Since the IUD keeps working for 3 to 12 years, it is a great investment.
How Much Does An Iud Cost
An IUD can cost anywhere from $0 to $1,300. The cost can vary depending on your health insurance and the type of IUD. Many health insurance plans cover the costs, and family planning clinics may charge less.
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Can The Iud Cause Any Serious Health Problems
In about 1 in 500 users, a small hole in the wall of the uterus may be created while the IUD is being inserted. The IUD can move through the hole and sit in the wrong place. If this happens, keyhole surgery is required to have the IUD removed.
Around 1 in 300 users get an infection when the IUD is first inserted. This can be successfully treated with antibiotics.
It is very unlikely to get pregnant when using an IUD. If you do get pregnant with an IUD in place, there is a higher chance of ectopic pregnancy. This means that the pregnancy may settle in the fallopian tubes . This should be medically assessed urgently and treated as required.
If You Take Levonelle Or Ellaone
Levonelle and ellaOne don’t continue to protect you against pregnancy if you have unprotected sex at any time after taking the emergency pill, you can become pregnant.
They aren’t intended to be used as a regular form of contraception. But you can use emergency contraception more than once in a menstrual cycle if you need to.
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Is Inserting An Iud Painful
Before an IUD is placed, a physical examination is important to make sure that your reproductive organs are normal and that you don’t have a sexually-transmitted disease . The health-care professional will ask you about your medical and lifestyle. IUDs are not appropriate for every woman.
You should discuss any questions you have with your doctor about IUDs before having it placed.
An IUD can be placed during an office visit and remains in place until a health-care professional removes it. It can be inserted at any phase of the menstrual cycle, but the best time is during the menstrual period because this is when the cervix is softest and when women are least likely to be pregnant. You may be instructed to take an over-the-counter pain reliever an hour before insertion to prevent cramps. Cramps may be uncomfortable during insertion. Sometimes, an anesthetic may be injected into the cervix prior to insertion to reduce pain from cramping.
- To place the IUD, a speculum is used to hold the vagina open.
- An instrument is used to steady the cervix and uterus, and a tube is used to place the IUD.
- The arms of the T shape bend back in the tube and then open once the IUD is in the uterus.
- Once the IUD is in place, the instruments are withdrawn.
- The string hangs about an inch out of the cervix but does not hang out of the vagina.
Advantages of copper IUDs
Advantages of hormonal IUDs
Condoms Vs Birth Control: Which One Is Most Effective When
- Reviewed By: Julie Lamonoff, CNM, OBGYN-NP, Shannon DeVita DNP, FNP-BC, CPNP-PC
Have you been wondering whether hormonal birth control or condoms are more reliable? There are various considerations to weigh up when choosing birth control.
Already leaning towards hormonal birth control? See if the pill is right for you with an online health consultation.
Questions such as contraceptive effectiveness, if you want to protect yourself against pregnancy or an STI , price, and availability all play a role.
So let’s take a closer look at how effective condoms are and how other birth control options stack up.
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How The Hormonal Iud Prevents Pregnancy
The hormonal IUD contains contains a progestin called levonorgestrel. A small amount of progestin, which is embedded within the vertical arm of the T, is released daily into the uterus .
Progestin helps to prevent pregnancy in three ways:
It changes the normal contractions in the fallopian tubes, making it more difficult for an egg to travel to the uterus .
When sperm enters the body of a person who uses a hormonal IUD, the spermsâ development can be negatively affected, or they might not survive at all .
Pro: Its Ready When You Are
Having an IUD means that as long as youre practicing safer sex, you can be spontaneous without worrying about pregnancy. Your IUD offers reliable contraception for years at a time. The copper IUD starts working instantly.
Hormone-releasing IUDs should be removed and replaced every 3-10 years, depending on the brand. The copper-wrapped IUD can stay in place and offer continuous protection for up to 12 years.
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Other Types Of Contraception
There are many contraceptive methods available in Australia. When choosing the method of contraception that best suits you, it can help to talk to a doctor or nurse about your options. Different methods may suit you at different times in your life. A doctor or nurse can give you information about:
- the benefits and risks of using various methods of contraception
- how well each method works
- the possible risks and side effects
- how easy it is to use
- how much it costs
- how each method meets your current and future needs.
Con: Your Ob/gyn Specialist Must Insert It
You cant just buy an IUD at the drugstore. You need your OB/GYN specialist to put it in place, although it takes only a few minutes. In that regard, the procedure is similar to a getting a Pap smear.
You may experience some cramping right after insertion. Regular over-the-counter painkillers should be sufficient to offer you relief. If you have continued pain, have your OB/GYN specialist remove the IUD so you can choose another method of birth control.
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Who Can Use The Iud
Most women can use an IUD, including those who are HIV positive. A GP or nurse will ask about your medical history to check if an IUD is suitable for you.
The IUD might not be suitable if you have:
- an untreated sexually transmitted infection or a pelvic infection
- problems with your womb or cervix
- unexplained bleeding between periods or after sex
The emergency IUD won’t react with any other medicines you’re taking.
What Are The Complications And Risks Of Iuds
Complications and risk include the possibility of puncture of the wall of the uterus during insertion this is uncommon and happens in 1-3 out of every 1,000 cases. If a woman becomes pregnant with an IUD in place, there is a 50% likelihood that the pregnancy will end in miscarriage. Another potential risk is that the IUD will be expelled from the uterus.
What Women Should Not Use IUDs?
- Women who are pregnant or who have abnormal bleeding or cervical cancer or uterine cancer should not use IUDs.
- Women who have pelvic inflammatory disease, gonorrhea, or Chlamydia or a recent history of these infections should not use an IUD. Women with other current reproductive organ infections should not use an IUD until their infection is resolved and their doctor says that an IUD can be used safely.
- If a woman has abnormalities of the cervix, uterus, or ovaries that would make insertion dangerous, an IUD is not appropriate.
- Women who are allergic to copper or who have Wilson disease should not use the copper IUD.
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What Happens If I Get Pregnant While Im Using An Iud
If you become pregnant while you are using an IUD, it is important that you see a doctor or nurse as soon as possible and have the IUD removed. The doctor or nurse will also need to rule out a pregnancy in your fallopian tubes .
If the IUD is removed, you can choose to continue or terminate the pregnancy . If the IUD is not removed and you continue with the pregnancy, there is a higher risk of losing the pregnancy or delivering the baby early.
Effectiveness Of Emergency Contraception
Emergency contraception is a form of birth control that can be taken after you’ve already had unprotected sex. It works best when taken within 3 days of when sex occured, but can be used up to 5 days.
You might have heard it called Plan B and you can get it without a prescription. This medication along with other pills containing levonorgestrel can lower your chances of becoming pregnant by 75%-89%.
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Is It Actually Possible
Yes, you can get pregnant while using an IUD but its rare.
IUDs are more than 99 percent effective. This means that less than 1 out of every 100 people who have an IUD will become pregnant.
All IUDs hormonal, non-hormonal, or copper have a similar failure rate.
Read on to learn why this happens, your options for emergency contraception, when to take a pregnancy test, and more.
Can Iuds Be Used As Emergency Contraception
Yes! The Paragard IUD works super well as emergency contraception. If you get it put in within 120 hours after unprotected sex, its more than 99.9% effective. Its actually the most effective way to prevent pregnancy after sex.
Another great thing about using the copper IUD as emergency contraception: you can keep it and have really effective birth control that you can use for up to 12 years. The other kind of emergency contraception is the morning-after pill. You can take it up to 5 days after unprotected sex to reduce the risk of pregnancy.
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Does Birth Control Replace Condoms
Birth control pills are oral contraceptives that are taken every day at the same time to prevent pregnancy. There are two types of birth control pills: combined pills that contain the hormones estrogen and progestin, and the mini-pill which contains progestin only.
The hormones in the birth control pills stop pregnancy by:
Preventing ovulation: Blocking the egg from being released from the ovary
Thickening the cervical mucus to make it harder for sperm to swim into the uterus and
Thinning the uterine lining so if an egg was fertilized, it would be less likely to attach to the uterus
Other types of hormonal contraceptives include:
Implant: contains progestin
Injection, such as Depo-Provera: contains progestin
Contraceptive patch: contains estrogen and progestin
Vaginal ring, such as NuvaRing: contains estrogen and progestin
Intrauterine Device : contains progestin
You’ll need to get a prescription before you’re able to take birth control pills. With your prescription you can collect your pills from a drug store, telemedicine provider, and health clinics such as Planned Parenthood.
Birth control pills are an effective way of lowering your chances of getting pregnant if you have sex. But they do not protect against STI’s. Condoms are the main form of birth control to prevent STI’s being passed on to a sexual partner.
How Is An Iud Put In
The doctor or nurse practitioner puts the IUD in through the vagina, past the cervix, and into the uterus. This only takes a few minutes from start to finish. People usually feel some cramping during the placement, but it gets better within a few minutes.
Taking it easy for the rest of the day, using a heating pad, and taking over-the-counter pain medicine can help with any discomfort after the IUD is placed.
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How Effective Is An Intrauterine Device 7 Benefits
Intrauterine devices are small devices that can be placed in the uterus for preventing pregnancy. Their efficacy is more than 99%, which means less than one out of every 100 women with an IUD implant will get pregnant in a year.
Different types of IUDs are available with each having almost similar efficacy and benefits when it comes to choosing one. The difference lies in their cost, the time for which you want to wear, and the side-effects associated with them. Your doctor will discuss all the available IUD options with you before implanting one.
What Is An Ectopic Pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy happens when a pregnancy develops outside your uterus. For example, it can happen if a fertilized egg starts to grow in your fallopian tube.
Ectopic pregnancy is rare but serious. If left untreated, it can cause internal bleeding and infection. In some cases, it can even be fatal.
If you get pregnant while using an IUD, the device raises the chances that your pregnancy will be ectopic. But if you have an IUD, your risk of getting pregnant in the first place is low. In turn, your overall risk of ectopic pregnancy is also low.
According to scientists in the International Journal of Womens Health , ectopic pregnancy affects an estimated 2 out of 10,000 women with a hormonal IUD each year. It affects an estimated 5 out of 10,000 women with a copper IUD each year.
In comparison, more than 1 out of 100 sexually active women who dont use birth control will have an ectopic pregnancy over the course of a year.
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What Are The Side Effects And Complications
The nonsurgical implantation of the IUD usually takes just a few minutes. But some women experience discomfort during placement, including pinching, cramping, nausea, faintness, and dizziness. Patients are given a follow up appointment about a month later to check placement.
The IUD is supposed to be painless once implanted. All women should feel are the monofilament threads with their fingers during their monthly at home self-check.
During the first three months, some women experience heavier and longer periods as well as vaginal bleeding / spotting. But then the menstrual cycle should go back to normal. If they do not, women should contact their doctors. According to Paragards prescribing information, other side effects may include:
- Infection of the vagina
Rare but potential complications include:
IUD removalbreak offsurgeryconditions
Nonhormonal Or Copper Iuds
Copper IUDs do not use hormones. Instead, the copper damages sperm to prevent it from getting to the egg. It also creates an immune response that stops the development of healthy eggs and destroys any eggs that do develop.
In the United States, the brand name of the copper IUD is ParaGard.
ParaGard IUDs begin working immediately, so doctors may choose them when emergency contraception is necessary. The copper IUD can prevent pregnancy for up to 10 years and possibly longer.
As with any birth control, the IUD offers benefits but also carries risks. People may wish to talk to a doctor about their medical history and any plans regarding future pregnancy before deciding which IUD is right for them.
The pros and cons of different types of IUD include:
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How Does Paragard T 380a Iud Prevent Pregnancy
Like most intrauterine contraception devices, the Paragard IUD is a small T-shaped contraption with monofilament threads available by prescription that an ob/gyn places in the uterus during an office visit. Unlike most IUDs, it is hormone-free and does not stop ovulation. Instead, its copper wires do the work of preventing sperm from traveling through the Fallopian tubes and reaching an egg. The IUD can also help prevent implantation.
Condoms Vs Birth Control: Which Is Best For You
So back to the big question. Are condoms or birth control more effective? If you want to prevent pregnancy, hormonal birth control or a copper IUD could be your best option.
If you want to reduce your chances of getting an STI, then you may want to use a male or female condom each time you have sex. But if you wish to protect yourself from both an unintended pregnancy and an STI, then using both will offer you the best protection.
Trussel, J. Contraception. Contraceptive failure in the United States. Published March 12, 2011.
National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus.gov. Male Condom. Reviewed June 9th, 2021.
Planned Parenthood. How do I get condoms? Accessed June 24, 2021.
National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus.gov. Female Condom. Reviewed May 25, 2021.
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