What Are The Most Common Causes Of Bleeding In The Second Or Third Trimester
Bleeding in the second half of pregnancy is often associated with more serious conditions, so contact your healthcare provider immediately so they’re aware of your symptoms.
Some conditions that can cause bleeding in the second and third trimesters are:
- Placenta previa: When the placenta covers all or part of your cervix. Its rare after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
- Placental abruption: A rare condition where the placenta detaches from the wall of your uterus. This can be dangerous for both you and your fetus.
- Preterm labor: Going into labor earlier than 37 weeks of pregnancy. Other symptoms of preterm labor are contractions, cramping or your membranes rupturing.
- Incompetent cervix: When the cervix opens too early and causes premature labor.
- Bloody show: Light bleeding mixed with mucus that occurs toward the end of your pregnancy. It can be a sign that your body is preparing for labor.
- Miscarriage: A loss of the pregnancy after the 20th week. This is also called a stillbirth.
What Type Of Scan Will I Have
A vaginal scan is the best method in early pregnancy as it gives us a more accurate result at an earlier stage in pregnancy than an abdominal scan. It may be a little uncomfortable but it is safe to be done, you do not need a full bladder when having a vaginal scan. If you have concerns about a vaginal scan, please let the nurse, midwife doctor know.
More Serious Causes Of Bleeding After Sex
In some cases, bleeding after sex could point to a more serious problem, especially if the amount of blood is more than light spotting.
According to the ACOG, heavy bleeding after sex isnt normal and should be addressed right away. They also stress that the further along you are in your pregnancy, the more serious the consequences.
If youre experiencing heavy or prolonged bleeding after sexual activity, contact your doctor. You may have one of these more serious medical conditions.
Its important to note that all of these more serious conditions can occur absent from sex.
Most People Might Wonder How They Can Say That Spotting Will Have Too Much Blood Or Too Little Blood
Now, most people might wonder how they can say that spotting will have too much blood or too little blood. Moreover, you people might have questions in your mind as to how will pregnant women see if the blood that has come out is in too much quantity or too little quantity. There are multiple ways to check if the blood due to the spot will be high or if it will be in a lesser amount. Most medical experts in the United States of America say that the safest way to see if the blood is high or low is to use menstruation pads.
The menstruation pads are very light in color, and they will quickly identify the amount of blood. Generally, if there are a few drops of blood on the menstruation pad, you do not need to worry as most doctors consider it normal. However, if you look at the menstruation pad and see a lot of blood, you need to go to the doctor immediately. Sometimes there will be a severe issue related to the blood flow. If you ignore those issues and tell yourself that it is normal during pregnancy, you will cause a lot of damage to yourself and the baby growing inside you.
Early Pregnancy Implantation Bleeding
One of the most common reasons for early pregnancy bleeding is implantation. Implantation happens when the fertilised egg settles into the blood rich uterus lining and begins the transformation into a fetus.
When the egg burrows into the uterine lining, this causes some spotting or light bleeding. As implantation happens around week 3 of your cycle , implantation often happens around the time you expect your next period.
Early pregnancy implantation bleeding is usually light pink to rusty brown and is spotting rather than a heavy flow.
Find out more about implantation bleeding.
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People Have A Solid Connection With The Internet
Although there will be people who would want to help other people, they would like to go through the pregnancy safely. These people might try to help you but keep in mind that this is next to playing with peoples health. It would help if you kept in mind that not every human in this world needs a different body. It is not necessary that when you apply a specific remedy to the same person, he will get okay. Even if the thing is good, it will have a diverse effect on another persons body.
In addition to this, people have a solid connection with the internet, believing everything they say on the internet. Moreover, it would be best to keep in mind that everything on the internet is not valid. There will be some people on the internet that will put false information and will misguide the people. The biggest issue with the internet is that we will not differentiate between what is wrong and what is right. Most medical experts say that you should visit a doctor and take proper guidance from him. They also recommend that people avoid the internet as they may end up causing a lot of damage to themselves.
What Are The Symptoms Of An Ectopic Pregnancy
Symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy tend to develop between four and 12 weeks of pregnancy, but can happen later.
Symptoms alongside bleeding can include tummy pain low down on one side, pain in the tip of the shoulder, discomfort when peeing or pooing and vaginal bleeding or a brown, watery discharge.
These symptoms can be signs of a stomach bug, but they should be checked out regardless.
Its so important to remember that bleeding can be normal, and many women experience it, yet go on to have perfectly healthy pregnancy.
So if you spot it, dont panic, but do get checked out as soon as you possibly can.
Its always best to be safe.
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Is Bleeding And Spotting Treated
Treatment is entirely based on the situation. Depending on what caused the bleeding, and the symptoms surrounding the bleeding will all determine if treatment is necessary. At times, healthcare providers might use medical exams and tests to help determine their next recommendation.
There are many times that the treatment recommended is just rest. Aside from rest, common treatments could also be:
- Medication to help protect the baby from Rh disease. A disease that means the baby and the mothers blood are incompatible.
- Time off work and bedrest
- Heavy bleeding may mean a hospital stay or surgery
- Avoiding douches, tampons and sex
When it comes to bleeding during pregnancy, it is best to follow the recommendations from your doctor. Try to avoid activities like rigorous movement and exercise and use a pad or panty liner to help contain the bleeding.
Bleeding And Spotting In The Second Or Third Trimester
Bleeding after the first trimester is often caused by a more serious condition. If you start to bleed in the second or third trimester, speak to your healthcare provider so theyre aware of your symptoms and can help you plan what to do next.
Here are a few reasons that you might be bleeding during your second and third trimester:
Placental Abruption: this is a rare condition but can be very dangerous for both the mother and the fetus. This is when the placenta detaches from the wall of the uterus.
Placenta Previa: this is another rare condition that is even more rare after 20 weeks of pregnancy. This is when the placenta covers all or part of your cervix.
Placenta Accreta: this happens when the placenta grows deep into the wall of the uterus
Uterine Rupture: this is a rare occurrence when the uterus tears during labor. This can happen if you have previous scarring from a poor c-section birth for instance.
Incompetent Cervix: this is when the cervix opens too early and causes premature labor.
Preterm Labor: this can be defined by other symptoms other than bleeding like, cramping, contraction or rupturing membranes. In addition, bleeding can be a sign of premature labor which is defined as labor occuring earlier than 37 weeks.
Bloody Show: this means the bleeding is mixed with mucus. This normally happens at the end of the pregnancy and is a sign that the body is preparing for labor.
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Can You Use Tampons In Pregnancy
Its not recommended to use tampons in pregnancy. Theres an increased risk of infection with tampon use and this could be harmful to you and your baby.
Infection can present with chills, fever, vaginal bleeding, and a discharge with a smelly odor.
Sanitary pads are safe to use. You can now get pregnancy underwear, which is also great for after you have had your baby.
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What Are The Signs Of Of A Miscarriage
This can include bleeding including blood clots from your vagina, discharge of fluid from your vagina, or discharge of tissue from your vagina. It also includes not experiencing the symptoms of pregnancy any longer, such as morning sickness or breast tenderness.
There is also a chance of an ectopic pregnancy, which is when a fertilised egg implants outside of the womb, usually in the fallopian tube.
This can cause bleeding and is dangerous because the fertilised egg cant develop properly outside of the womb, the egg has to be removed, which can be done through an operation or with medicines.
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Treatment For Bleeding After Sex
The first line of defense for treating bleeding after sex is to abstain from intercourse, especially if youre dealing with a more serious condition such as placenta previa or placenta abruption.
Beyond that, Cross says your doctor may recommend pelvic rest, which is avoiding anything in the vagina until further notice, or antibiotics if dealing with an infection.
Depending on the stage and severity, Gaither says medical interventions could be needed to treat the following conditions:
- For ectopic pregnancy, medical or surgical treatment and blood transfusion may be needed.
- For vaginal lacerations with profuse bleeding, surgical treatment and blood transfusion may be needed.
- For placenta previa and placental abruption, cesarean delivery and a blood transfusion may be needed.
Bleeding In Pregnancy When You Have Had A Previous Miscarriage
If you have bleeding in your current pregnancy after one or more previous miscarriages, recent research has shown that progesterone can be beneficial. This research was published in 2019 and showed that the more previous miscarriages you had, the greater the benefit from progesterone treatment.
Progesterone is a hormone that helps thicken the lining of the womb and the mothers body to accept the growing baby. It is given as pessaries and taken twice daily in the vagina .
The study that showed that progesterone can be an effective treatment was a large, multi-centre, randomised controlled trial, which is the gold standard of research trials.
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Molar Pregnancy And Causes Of Bleeding
Molar pregnancy is also known as a hydatidiform mole and is quite rare in pregnancy. Molar pregnancy can lead to a rare form of cancer.
This type of pregnancy is the result of an abnormally fertilized egg and is related to chromosomes.
Sadly, these pregnancies usually miscarry early.
Some signs are:
- Dark brown to bright red spotting or bleeding in the first trimester.
- Severe nausea and vomiting.
- The vaginal passage of grapelike cysts .
- Pelvic pressure or pain.
First Half Of Pregnancy:
Miscarriage: Bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage, but does not mean that miscarriage is imminent. Studies show that anywhere from 20-30% of women experience some degree of bleeding in early pregnancy. Approximately half of the pregnant women who bleed do not have miscarriages. Approximately 15-20% of all pregnancies result in a miscarriage, and the majority occur during the first 12 weeks.Signs of Miscarriage include:
- Cramping pain felt low in the stomach
- Tissue passing through the vagina
Most miscarriages cannot be prevented. They are often the bodys way of dealing with an unhealthy pregnancy that was not developing. A miscarriage does not mean that you cannot have a future healthy pregnancy or that you yourself are not healthy.
Ectopic pregnancies are pregnancies that implant somewhere outside the uterus. The fallopian tube accounts for the majority of ectopic pregnancies. Ectopic pregnancies are less common than miscarriages, occurring in 1 of 60 pregnancies.Signs of Ectopic Pregnancies:
- Grape-like clusters are seen in the uterus by an ultrasound
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Typical Causes Of Bleeding After Sex
Unless your doctor has told you otherwise, its safe to have sex during all three trimesters. While you may need to experiment with new positions, especially as your belly grows, in general, not a whole lot should change from your pre-pregnancy bedroom sessions.
That said, you may experience some new side effects such as vaginal spotting or bleeding after having sex.
But not to worry! Spotting or light bleeding in the first trimester is quite common. In fact, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says about 15 to 25 percent of women will experience bleeding during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
With that in mind, here are six typical causes of bleeding after sex.
What Are The Causes For Vaginal Bleeding Later In Pregnancy
Like the first trimester, light bleeding or spotting during your second or third trimester may occur after sex or a cervical exam. It can also be due to a bloody show, a sign that labor is starting.
Problems that can occur later in pregnancy can be caused by placental abnormalities, such as placental abruptions or placenta previa.
Placenta abruptions occur when the placenta separates partially from the uterine wall often resulting in very heavy bleeding, Dr. Valenzuela said. Placental previas occur when the placenta is placed over the opening of the cervix. Both require timely medical care.
Can You Bleed Heavily And Still Be Pregnant
Bleeding during early pregnancy can be a sign of miscarriage, but miscarriage is not always the outcome of bleeding when pregnant.
Its thought up to 30% of women have some bleeding or spotting half of them go on to have healthy pregnancies.
1 in 4 pregnancies will end in miscarriage in the first 12 weeks. Often a woman isnt yet aware shes pregnant and will have what seems like a heavy menstrual period.
Miscarriage bleeding can vary and is usually accompanied by cramping and pain in the lower belly area.
If you are having a miscarriage, there can be clotty material along with other tissue. Once this is passed, the bleeding and pain will generally slow and then stop.
If you continue to bleed and have pain, medication and surgical treatment might be required.
Your doctor or midwife should provide information about bereavement support. The loss of pregnancy can be traumatic for women.
Bleeding During Early Pregnancy
If youve had bleeding early in your pregnancy, youre not alone. Many other pregnant women have early bleeding, too. And in most cases, nothing is wrong. But your healthcare provider still needs to know about it. They may want to do tests to find out why youre bleeding. Call your provider if you see bleeding during pregnancy. Tell your provider if your blood is Rh negative. Then they can figure out if you need anti-D immune globulin treatment.
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Bleeding Vs Spotting: Whats The Difference
Spotting is considered light bleeding. This might mean a few drops of blood at a time. Spotting during early pregnancy is normally not a concern. However, if the blood is heavy enough to cover a panty liner, that is considered bleeding. This type of flow is usually heavy enough to soak your clothes. Talk to your healthcare provider about heavier bleeding. They may want to set up an exam or perform an ultrasound to determine if the cause is something underlying.
What Are The Signs Of A Miscarriage
Call 911 or go to an emergency room immediately if you have any of these signs of miscarriage:
- Severe pain or cramps low in the abdomen
- Severe bleeding, with or without pain
- Vaginal discharge containing tissue
- Fever higher than 100.4° F
If you have heavy bleeding during pregnancy, dont use a tampon. Wear a pad and dont change it before heading to the emergency room, says Dr. Svokos. Doctors need to know how much youre bleeding whether the blood is pink, brown or red and if its smooth or full of clots. Be sure to bring any tissue that passes through your vagina in for testing, too.
Your doctor will use vaginal and abdominal ultrasounds to determine the cause of your bleeding. If a miscarriage does occur, it often means the baby wasnt developing normally.
Most women who miscarry go on to have healthy pregnancies, but having a miscarriage is one of the most challenging things a woman and her partner can go through. Dont rush the grieving process. Finding a support group or counselor can help a lot.
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What Are Other Causes Of Bleeding During Pregnancy
Sometimes bleeding isn’t caused by any medical conditions and your healthcare provider won’t be concerned. However, its always better to discuss any spotting or bleeding with them to make sure.
Other reasons you may bleed during pregnancy are:
- Sex: Some women experience light bleeding after sex. This is due to your cervix being extra tender during pregnancy.
- Pelvic exam or ultrasound: Your cervix can bleed after a pelvic exam or transvaginal ultrasound because its highly sensitive .
- Infection:Chlamydia, gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted infections , or urinary tract infections can cause light bleeding. These infections will need to be treated by your healthcare provider.