What Does Birth Control Do To Prevent Pregnancy

After A Miscarriage Or Abortion

Birth Control Basics: Condoms, The Pill & Patch

If you have had a miscarriage or abortion, you can start the pill up to 5 days after this and you will be protected from pregnancy straight away. If you start the pill more than 5 days after the miscarriage or abortion, you’ll need to use additional contraception until you have taken the pill for 7 days.

It Makes Periods Less Painful

About 31 percent of women who use birth control pills cite menstrual pain as one of the reasons they continue to take them. Hormonal birth control prevents ovulation. When you dont ovulate, your uterus doesnt experience the painful contractions that cause cramps during ovulation.

If you have painful periods, hormonal birth control may also provide some relief for pain during menstruation.

Hormonal fluctuations are often major acne triggers. Thats why acne is usually at its worst during adolescence. By minimizing these fluctuations, hormonal birth control can help to tame hormonal acne.

Birth control pills that contain both estrogen and progesterone are the

How Soon Do Birth Control Pills Work

When taken as directed, birth control pills are usually effective the first month you begin taking them. To be safe, some doctors recommend the use of another form of birth control, such as condoms and foam, during the first month. After the first month, you can just rely on the pill for birth control.

Recommended Reading: 5 Months Symptoms Of Pregnancy

Perfect Use Or Typical Use

All the methods are listed here, showing how effective they are with perfect use. This is when the method is always used correctly.

Some methods are less effective with typical use. This is when the method is not always used correctly for example, missing a pill or getting the injection later than you need to. Some methods do not have typical use rates because they have no user failure.

Contraception is less effective at preventing pregnancy if not used correctly.

What Do I Do If I Missed A Birth Control Pill

How Fast do Birth Control Pills Work to Prevent Pregnancy ...

The pill works best if you take it every day on schedule, but almost everyone on the pill forgets to take it sometimes. Knowing what to do when you miss a birth control pill is important.

Heres a handy tool to help you figure out what to do if you miss a pill. Youll need to know the brand name of the pill youre on in order to use this tool. You can find the name on your pill pack or by calling your doctor or the drugstore where you got it.

If you cant find out the name of your pill, use a condom anytime you have vaginal sex until you can talk with your nurse or doctor. If youve already had sex in the last 5 days since making a pill mistake, you may want to use emergency contraception.

If youre on Slynd and you miss 1 white hormone pill, take your missed pill as soon as possible, and then take your next pill when you were normally supposed to that might mean taking 2 pills in 1 day. If you miss 2 or more white pills, take the most recent pill you missed as soon as possible, and keep taking 1 pill a day until you finish the pack . If you miss 2 or more white pills and have penis-in-vagina sex within the next 7 days, use a backup method of birth control . If you miss 1 or more green reminder pills, just throw away the green pills you missed and keep taking 1 pill a day until you finish the pack.

Recommended Reading: Donating Plasma While Trying To Conceive

Starting The Combined Pill

You can normally start taking the pill at any point in your menstrual cycle. There is special guidance if you have just had a baby, abortion or miscarriage. The guidance may also be different if you have a short menstrual cycle. Get advice from a doctor or nurse if you need it. You may need to use additional contraception during your 1st days on the pill this depends on when in your menstrual cycle you start taking it.

What It Really Takes To Get Pregnant After Birth Control

Youve quit your contraceptive and are ready to start a family, but could your pill or IUD have lingering effects on your fertility?

When Camillia, 34, decided that she and her partner were ready to try for a baby, she went to her doctor to have her IUD removed. My doctor said I could get pregnant right away, but I thought that because of my age it would take longer, she says. Turns out, her doctor was right. Camillia was surprised when she became pregnant just ten days later.

Its not uncommon for women to believe that there will be a delay in fertility after being on birth control, and its a concern that gynecologists constantly try to squash. So whats going on? Glenmarie Matthews, an OB-GYN in the family planning division at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City says that misunderstandings surrounding conception and birth controlsparked by both poor research and well-circulated mythsare to blame. There were a lot of misconceptions around the pill when it was first introduced, and in the 1980s there was some research that suggested that oral contraceptives might delay fertility after discontinuation, she says. But since then, multiple studies have been published that show that the pill does not in fact affect fertility. Ditto goes for most other forms of birth control.

Still questioning how your specific form of birth control will impact your pregnancy plans? We break it down here:

You May Like: Can You Do Lasik While Pregnant

Do Combination Pills Contain The Same Level Of Hormones

Most of them use between 20 and 35 micrograms of estrogen along with some progesterone. Your doctor may start you on this level and then change it if side effects bother you.

Some pills have as little as 10 micrograms of estrogen. Low-dose pills may be a good option if youâre in perimenopause. They can help with symptoms like hot flashes or irregular periods.

Combination pills are either monophasic or multiphasic .

  • Monophasic pills deliver an even level of hormones throughout the month.
  • Multiphasic ones have slightly different levels of hormones in active pills. They mimic normal hormonal changes that happen during your menstrual cycle.

Both are equally effective at preventing a pregnancy.

How Does The Birth Control Shot Work

How to prevent pregnancy | Natural birth control | I DON’T WANT TO GET PREGNANT REMEDY

The birth control shot contains the hormone progestin. Progestin stops you from getting pregnant by preventing ovulation. When theres no egg in the tube, pregnancy cant happen. It also works by making cervical mucus thicker. When the mucus on the cervix is thicker, the sperm cant get through. And when the sperm and the egg cant get together, pregnancy cant happen.

Recommended Reading: Can You Donate Plasma While Pregnant

Read Also: Is It Safe To Donate Plasma While Pregnant

Preventing Pregnancy Without Hormonal Birth Control

Even though the majority of research shows hormonal birth control doesnt cause infertility, there are other risks and side effects associated with it and some people simply prefer to avoid it. Does this mean you have no way to prevent pregnancy? Of course not!

You may want to consider barrier method options that can provide an effective way to avoid pregnancy while not interfering with your hormones. These options include contraception like condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps.

Birth Control Pills Effectiveness Rate

When used perfectly, the birth control pills effectiveness rate is over 99%. However, with typical use, it has a 9% failure rate, as noted in an article by Healthline. That means 9 out of 100 women will get pregnant in a year.

This is why its important to take the pill on time and to maintain a regular schedule. If you have trouble remembering to take it on time, consider apps like Popit.

However, if you still cant stay on track, dont fret. Consider long-term, reversible birth control options instead. The IUD and birth control implant are great options as they require zero effort on your part. You simply have them inserted and thats it, really!

Recommended Reading: Side Effects Of Donating Plasma While Pregnant

When Can I Start Taking Birth Control Pills

You can start taking birth control pills as soon as you get them any day of the week, and anytime during your menstrual cycle. But when youll be protected from pregnancy depends on when you start and the kind of pill youre using. You may need to use a backup birth control method for up to the first 7 days.

Talk with your nurse or doctor about the best time for you to start taking the pill.

Combination Pills :

You can start the combination pill at any time.

  • If you start taking combination pills within 5 days after your period starts, youll be protected from pregnancy right away. For example, if you get your period Monday morning, you can start the pill anytime until Saturday morning and be protected from pregnancy right away.

  • If you start combination pills any other time, you need to take the pill for 7 days before youre protected from pregnancy. Use another method of birth control like a condom if you have penis-in-vagina sex during the first week on the pill.

Progestin-Only Pills :

You can start progestin-only pills at any time. Youll be protected from pregnancy after 48 hours on the pill. If you have penis-in-vagina sex during those first 2 days, use another method of birth control, like a condom.

You must take progestin-only pills at the same time every day. If you take it more than 3 hours past your usual time, use a backup method of birth control for the next 48 hours .

Starting the Pill After Pregnancy:

Birth Control Pill Is Nutrient Depleting


Many patients are not informed of the numerous studies showing the nutrient depleting effects of oral contraceptives.

In 2013, the European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Studies called for all women to be on a multivitamin while taking oral contraceptives due to the known nutrient depletions, most notably magnesium, zinc, selenium, folic acid, vitamins B2, B6, B12, vitamin C and E.

Birth control depletes the body of folic acid, which is vital in many metabolic processes and is absolutely essential should you become pregnant. Folic acid is necessary to prevent neural tube defects in a developing fetus. Unfortunately, the critical window for folic acid in development occurs before the majority of women know they are pregnant in just those first few weeks.

Now imagine if you do become pregnant while suppressing your period youve depleted your nutrients, are oblivious to the early signs of pregnancy, and the damage has taken place before you ever realized you were pregnant.

And yes, pregnancy does occur while taking birth control pill.

It is the doctors responsibility to provide a true informed consent and guide women in understanding the pros and cons of the medical decision they are faced with. This is the only way in which women can make the best decision for their body and it is their right to know that while the pill may help relieve symptoms, it may also have unwanted side effects with long term consequences.

Also Check: Can I Drink Breakfast Essentials While Pregnant

How Taking The Pill Affects Your Period And Changes Your Menstrual Cycle

The development of birth control pills, often known as the pill, was unquestionably one of the most remarkable and liberating innovations in the history of medicine. Back then, women didnt have the power to separate sex from pregnancy and childbearing.

But with the creation of the pill, a vast number of women were given the incredible freedom to exercise greater control over their own bodies and make rational choices about their reproductive health and lives. Birth control pills are very effective when it comes to preventing unintended pregnancy. When you are sexually active but do not want to get pregnant, the pill is certainly one of the best weapons you can have.

The pill prevents pregnancy primarily by preventing the process of ovulation. Most birth control pills contain potent levels of synthetic hormones that mimic the two sex hormones, estrogen, and progesterone.

These synthetic hormones trick the body into believing that it is pregnant, thus preventing the release of the egg from the ovary. Surprisingly, pills do more than just prevent unplanned pregnancies. A new survey indicates that a huge proportion of women take birth control pills for reasons other than avoiding the nightmare of unintended pregnancy.

The most common reason is to relieve menstrual issues. Birth control pills powerfully influence the menstrual process in a lot of ways.

Does The Pill Prevent Sexually Transmitted Diseases

No, the pill wont protect you against sexually transmitted diseases or infections . STDs, such as genital herpes, chlamydia and human immunodeficiency virus , are transmitted through direct sexual contact and the exchange of bodily fluids like semen. If youre sexually active, the best way to prevent an STD is by using condoms in addition to the pill. Condoms, when used alone, are about 85% effective at preventing pregnancy. However if the pill and condoms are used together, both infection and pregnancy prevention is optimized. If you arent in a monogamous relationship with one partner, your healthcare provider will suggest using condoms along with the pill to prevent pregnancy and STDs.

Recommended Reading: Is It Safe To Eat Tums While Pregnant

Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes

The birth control pill is prescribed by many healthcare workers including the nurse practitioner, primary care provider, obstetrician, internist and the gynecologist. However, it is important to inform the patient about the potential side effects and also the fact that these pills do not protect against any STD. Thus, the use of a condom is highly recommended, especially if the partner is a stranger. Regular monitoring of the patient is necessary to ensure that she is not developing any serious side effect.

We Don’t Know Whether Most Antibiotics Make Birth Control Less Effective

How Birth Control Pills Work, Animation

There are two antibiotics that researchers have found make birth control pills less effective: griseofulvin, an antifungal used to treat athlete’s foot and ringworm, and rifampicin, which is typically used to treat tuberculosis.

The reason that happens is that these drugs speed up the liver’s metabolism, which makes the liver metabolize the hormones in the birth control faster. As a result, hormones leave the blood stream faster and are unable to adequately affect the ovaries to prevent ovulation or the cervix to prevent thickening of the cervical mucus.

Lots of antibiotics, not just the two listed above, come with warnings that they’ll make birth control ineffective and suggest using a backup method of contraception. While a backup method is never a bad idea, there’s actually sparse evidence that these other drugs make birth control less effective. “Uncertainty persists with respect to the other broad-spectrum antibiotics,” researchers in the journal Contraceptionwrote in a review article about interactions between birth control and antibiotics. They argue that in light of that uncertainty, it is completely appropriate for women to use a backup method but not to ditch their antibiotics out of concern over interactions.

Don’t Miss: How Yk If You Pregnant

What Should I Know About Storage And Disposal Of This Medication

Keep this medication in the packet it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture .

Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in your community. See the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.

It is important to keep all medication out of sight and reach of children as many containers are not child-resistant and young children can open them easily. To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location â one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach.

How Can I Get Birth Control Pills For Free

Theres a good chance you can get low-cost or free birth control pills if you have health insurance. Because of the Affordable Care Act , most insurance plans must cover all methods of birth control at no cost to you, including the pill. However, some plans only cover certain brands of pills or generic versions. Your health insurance provider can tell you which types of birth control they pay for. Your doctor may also be able to help you get the birth control you want covered by health insurance. Learn more about health insurance and affordable birth control.

If you dont have health insurance, youve still got options. Depending on your income and legal status in the U.S., you could qualify for Medicaid or other government programs that can help you pay for birth control and other health care.

Planned Parenthood works to provide services you need, whether or not you have insurance. Most Planned Parenthood health centers accept Medicaid and other health insurance. And many charge less depending on your income. Contact your local Planned Parenthood health center for more information.

Read Also: Can I Donate Plasma While Pregnant

Early Signs Of Pregnancy

If a person is concerned about contraceptive failure and the possibility of being pregnant, they should speak to their doctor. However, there are also some early signs that can indicate pregnancy:

  • Bloating. While bloating is often a symptom of premenstrual syndrome, it can sometimes also be a sign of early pregnancy.
  • Breast tenderness. Raised levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone can cause breast tenderness early in pregnancy. Some women may also experience symptoms, such as tingling, heaviness, or feelings of breast fullness.
  • Light spotting. A small amount of bleeding or spotting can occur when an egg attaches to the uterine lining. If spotting occurs outside of an expected menstrual cycle, it may be an early symptom of pregnancy.
  • Unexplained fatigue. Hormonal changes that occur in the body during pregnancy can make a person feel tired, even during the early stages.
  • Urinating more often. Hormonal changes can increase a womans need to urinate during early pregnancy.

Anyone who thinks they could be pregnant may wish to take an at-home pregnancy test. These tests have become more sensitive to a persons hormone levels and better at detecting pregnancy in its earliest stages.

However, at-home pregnancy tests still may not reliable if an individual takes it too early or does not follow the instructions correctly. According to the United States

Related Posts

Recent Stories