How Do Condoms Prevent Pregnancy

How Do You Use A Male Condom

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Condoms are most effective if you follow these steps:

  • Use a new condom each time you have sexual intercourse.
  • When opening the condom wrapper, be careful not to poke a hole in the condom with your fingernails, teeth, or other sharp objects.
  • If you are also using the condom as birth control, make sure your partner uses a spermicide according to the manufacturer’s instructions. .
  • If you want to use a lubricant, never use petroleum jelly , grease, hand lotion, baby oil, or anything with oil in it . Oil can weaken the condom, increasing the chance that it may break. Instead, use a personal lubricant such as Astroglide or K-Y Jelly.
  • Wash your hands after handling a used condom.

What do you need to know about buying and storing male condoms?

  • Buy condoms that meet safety standards.
  • Condoms are made of latex , polyurethane, or sheep intestine. While latex and polyurethane condoms help prevent the spread of STIs such as HIV, sheep intestine condoms don’t.
  • Keep the condom wrapped in its original package until you are ready to use it. Store it in a cool, dry place out of direct sunlight. Check the expiration date on the package before using.
  • Don’t keep rubber condoms in a glove compartment or other hot places for a long time. Heat weakens latex and increases the chance that the condom will break.
  • Don’t use condoms in damaged packages or condoms that show obvious signs of deterioration, such as brittleness, stickiness, or discoloration, regardless of their expiration date.

Who Are Condoms Right For

Everyone should consider using a condom to help protect against STDs. Condoms may be a good option for preventing pregnancy for couples who are responsible enough to stop and put a condom on each time before sex.

Because condoms are the only method of birth control currently available for guys, they allow the male to take responsibility for birth control and STD protection.

What Should I Do To Prevent Hiv

As for those who are at risk of contracting HIV, there are steps you can take, as well. Again, still wear a condom, but Dr. Bhuyan also suggests talking to your doctor to find out if you are at a higher risk of contracting the virus, and if so, there are options like pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PREP as it’s commonly called.

“PREP is something that’s actually gaining a lot of traction now and thankfully so because it’s this amazing medication that, if you use it daily and regularly, it can reduce your risk of HIV by 98%,” Dr. Bhuyan says. If you come in contact with HIVâwhether through condomless sex, or if the condom breaks, or through various other waysâthe virus can’t replicate in your system thanks to PREP. Still, even if you are on PREP, it’s important to wear a condom every time you have intercourse because you can never be too safe.

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Answer By Family Medicine Physician Heather Eberspacher Md:

The pill is a tiny oral medication a woman can take at the same time each day to prevent pregnancy. Also called an oral contraceptive, the pill can help make periods more regular and less heavy. Some birth control pills can also help clear up acne.

If your partner uses the pill perfectly, it’s 99% effective. But nobody’s perfect, so the actual effectiveness is closer to 93% effective. That means about 7 people out of 100 pill users get pregnant each year.

Ways to increase birth control pill effectiveness:

  • Take the pill at around the same time every day
  • If you accidentally miss a day, take your missed pill as soon as you can. Then take the next pill at your normal time
  • Know which drugs limit the pill’s effectiveness

I always emphasize that you are never locked into one birth control option. If one method doesn’t work for you, you can try something else. We offer many birth control options to Huskers at the University Health Center.

If you want to combine two different birth control options like the pill and a condom you’ll have a much lower risk of unplanned pregnancy. Condoms have the added benefit of protecting you against sexually transmitted infections like HIV, gonorrhea and chlamydia.

Do condoms work?

When used correctly and consistently, condoms are another form of birth control. There are two types of condoms:

Ways to increase condom effectiveness:

What If My Partner Or I Dont Like Using Condoms

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If you or your partner does not want to use a condom, there are other safe and pleasurable sexual things that you can do together instead of sexual intercourse. Try masturbating each other, massage, cuddling use your imagination.

If a condom is not comfortable, try a different brand. Condoms come in different sizes, shapes, thicknesses, flavours, textures and colours. Try some to see which suit you best.

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What Are The Negative Effects Of Condoms

Condoms do not cause any adverse consequences.There are no negative effects associated with using condoms, thus the vast majority of people should have no trouble doing so.Condoms made of latex may, on occasion, aggravate the symptoms of latex hypersensitivity or allergy in certain individuals.Additionally, the lubrication on some varieties of condoms has the potential to be uncomfortable at times.

What Is The Best Birth Control Pill For Teens

Out of the two types of birth control pills , its more common for teens to take a combined birth control pill. The American Academy of Pediatrics says the mini-pill is not recommended as the first choice for teens. Combination birth control pills can be a good option for adolescents who can remember to take it every day.

Though the pill is easy to use, there are other methods of birth control that might be even more convenient for young women. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the IUD and the arm implant should be the first-line choice for young women who are sexually active. These methods could serve teens best, because theyre busy, and unlike the pill, you dont have to remember to take it every day.

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What Are The Drawbacks Of Using Female Condoms

Internal condoms are simple to use. Still, some people find them bothersome or uncomfortable to insert and wear during sex.

With a bit of practice and experience, you may find them more comfortable to use. Like external condoms, you need to use them properly and consistently to prevent unintentional pregnancy and the spread of STIs.

However, theyre not as accessible and readily available as external condoms. The FC2 is the only brand of internal condoms approved by the FDA.

You can purchase the internal condom directly from the FC2 website or a local pharmacy or store, like Walmart or Target. You may also be able to get them free from non-profit organizations.

Internal condoms cost an average of $3 each, making them a bit less cost-effective than external condoms.

The FDA states that some side effects are associated with using an internal condom, including:

Is It Possible To Get Pregnant If The Condom Broke During Sex But They Pulled Out Straight Away

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There is still a chance to get pregnant if the condom broke during sex, even if you used the pull-out, or withdrawal, method. During sex, fluid called precum is released. This is an uncontrollable process. Precum can contain active sperm that can fertilize an egg if it enters the female reproductive tract in the days before or during ovulation.

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How Do You Use External Condoms

Its important to use condoms correctly to stop them from slipping or breaking and so they work well to prevent pregnancy. Your healthcare provider will be able to teach you how to use them correctly and give advice if you have any problems.

Use a new condom each time you have sex and follow these steps:

  • Check the condom pack to make sure the expiry date has not passed.
  • Open the condom wrapper, being careful not to poke a hole in the condom with your fingernails, teeth or other sharp objects.

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How Effective Are Condoms And Other Condom Faqs Answered By Flo

Condoms are a commonly used method of contraception that can prevent pregnancy and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections . Despite their popularity, there are still some questions about condoms that pop up frequently. Below, Tanya Tantry, a medical expert at Flo, sheds some light on the matter.

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What If You Do Everything Right And It Breaks

Even if you use the condom perfectly, theres a risk that itll break.

If you or your partner are on another form of contraception, such as an IUD or the pill, pregnancy is unlikely to occur.

You can also get an emergency contraceptive pill over the counter at your local pharmacy. You dont need a doctors prescription.

Its important to take EC pills within the first 3 to 5 days after sex the sooner, the better.

Plan B, for example, is 95 percent effective when taken within 24 hours of sex and 61 percent effective when taken between 48 and 72 hours after sex, according to the manufacturer.

When a condom breaks, its also possible for you and your partner to transmit a sexually transmitted infection to one another.

If youre concerned about STIs, talk with a doctor or go to a sexual health clinic and ask if you can be tested. Theyll discuss your options for STI screening and testing.

If your partner has HIV, or if youre not certain that your partner is HIV negative, you can get post-exposure prophylaxis , which protects against the transmission of HIV.

In order for PEP to work, it should be taken within 72 hours of potential exposure the sooner, the better. In order to get PEP, youll need a prescription from a doctor or other healthcare provider.

What Is Effective Condom Use

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You can reduce the risk of unwanted pregnancy or STBBI by following these steps for effective condom use:

  • Store latex condoms at room temperature and out of direct sunlight.
  • Check the expiry date on the package. Avoid using expired condoms because their effectiveness cannot be guaranteed.
  • Use the right type of lubricant to reduce the chances of a breakage.
  • Follow the directions on the package.
  • Use a new condom with each new act of sex.

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How Do You Put A Condom On

Leave about 1/4 inch of room at the tip and squeeze the air out of the top to form an empty nipple for the sperm to collect in. Some rubbers have a nipple built in. Never use Vaseline or mineral oil as a lubricant with a latex condom. You can buy pre-lubricated condoms. Or, use water-based lube, saliva, or foam to reduce friction.

How To Avoid Common Condom Mistakes

Greves offers a few pieces of advice to make sure you’re using condoms the right way:

  • Mistake 1: Using multiple condoms at once: Don’t use multiple condoms at the same time, as this can create friction and cause a break.
  • Mistake 2: Storing condoms in hot environments: Make sure that external condoms are properly stored in a cool environment. Never use a condom that has been exposed to temperatures over 104 degrees Fahrenheit. However, note that internal female condoms are generally made from polyurethane or synthetic latex, which aren’t affected by heat.
  • Mistake 3: Ripping the condom when you open its wrapper: When opening a condom wrapper, open along the recommended area and don’t use your teeth or fingernails, as this can cause a tear.
  • Mistake 4: Using a questionable condom: Check condoms for damage before using them. “If the condom is sticky, brittle, discolored, or damaged it should not be used,” Casey says.
  • Mistake 5: Using the wrong lube: Only use water or silicone-based lubricant with condoms. Lubricants that contain oil can break down latex.
  • Mistake 6: Reusing condoms: Don’t reuse an external or internal condom if you want to go for a second round, and if you have sex for longer than 30 minutes, put on a new condom. Too much heat and friction can weaken the material.
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    How To Put On A Male Condom

    Follow these steps to put on a male condom:

  • Open the package carefully. Dont use your teeth, as they might rip or tear the condom.
  • Consider adding a water-based lubricant to protect against too much friction.
  • After intercourse, hold the base of the condom as you remove it to prevent spills and slipping.
  • Are Condoms 100% Effective At Preventing Pregnancy

    IUDs Are Pretty Great. So Why Aren’t They More Popular?

    By | Sept. 18, 2013, 9 a.m.


    Will using a condom during sex completely stop pregnancy? I want to have sex with my boyfriend but Im so worried Im going to get pregnant!

    Its great that you want to do everything you can to protect yourself from pregnancy before youre ready. So heres the deal on condoms: when used correctly, theyre really effective at preventing both pregnancy and STDs but they dont completely eliminate the risk. Thats because there is no 100% effective method of pregnancy prevention besides abstinence .

    Your best bet to be super safe is to use condoms AND a really effective form of birth control like the IUD, pill, or shot.

    Tags:pregnancy, condoms, safer sex, birth control, abstinence

    Planned Parenthood delivers vital reproductive health care, sex education, and information to millions of people worldwide. Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc. is a registered 501 nonprofit under EIN 13-1644147. Donations are tax-deductible to the fullest extent allowable under the law.

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    Are Condoms Still Popular

    Condoms, especially male condoms, are the most popular barrier method of contraception because they offer protection from unwanted pregnancy as well as from sexually transmitted infections.

    They are inexpensive, effective, and about 98 percent effective if used correctly. Additionally, theyre easy to wear, and there are no side effects from using condoms, except for an allergy to latex in some people.

    Condoms Havent Stopped Aids Epidemics

    In developing countries that have made condom use their primary AIDS prevention strategy, HIV infection rates have a history of continuing to rise or, at best, not dropping significantly.

    An example is the case of Lesotho, which in 2021 had a 75.6% condom usage rate, the second highest among countries participating in the 4th HIV Research for Prevention conference hosted by the International AIDS Society in 2021.8 Despite this, Lesothos current average HIV prevalence among adults is an enormous 25.6%the second highest in the world.9 This has been the level since about 2005.10

    Eswatini, the country with the highest condom use percentage in 2021 at 85% ,11 also has had the worlds highest HIV prevalence rateover 25% for a decade, despite a drop in new infections.12

    In 2004, the journal Studies in Family Planning concluded, No clear examples have emerged yet of a country that has turned back a generalized epidemic primarily by means of condom promotion. This still holds true today. In fact, the primary reason why there has been a decline in AIDS transmission in Sub-Saharan Africa, from an estimated 2.2 million new infections to an estimated 1.5 million , is the expanded use of anti-retroviral technology, not condoms.13 Yet the United Nations, the European Union and its member countries, some U.S. agencies, and international organizations continue to promote condom use as the primary method of combating the spread of HIV and other STIs.

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    Condoms Offer Pregnancy And Std Prevention And They Feel Good Too

    Generations of adults have trusted condoms to protect them and the reliance on this trusted method just keeps growing.

    Generations of adults have trusted condoms to protect them and the reliance on this trusted method just keeps growing. Between 1955 and 1965, 42 percent of adults in the United States said they had used condoms for contraception. Today, 95 percent of women who have had sexual intercourse say they have used a condom at some point in their sexual lives.

    Unfortunately, while condoms have been long trusted for prevention, theyve gotten a lot of bad press over the years as well. The idea that condoms zap sexual experiences of spontaneity and pleasure is particularly common.

    As a sexuality professor, I hear the same rumors, myths, and negative preconceptions about condoms every semester. I admit it is pretty frustrating because I know that condoms are safe, effective against both pregnancy and disease, and can even be fun.

    Condoms Are the Only Contraceptive Method the Prevents STDsCondoms remain the only method of contraception that also provides protection against STDs. This is why condoms are important even for couples who are not worried about preventing pregnancy such as those who are using other contraceptive methods or men who have sex with men.

    Condoms provide protection against all three of these diseases as well others like HPV and HIV .

    The take away messages here is that condoms can be extremely effective when couples are committed to using them.

    So How Effective Are Condoms

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    There are a lot of variables that can make a condom less effective . When discussing the effectiveness of condoms, it’s also important to distinguish what you are trying to prevent. “The reality is, condoms are not great at preventing pregnancy,” Dr. Bhuyan says. “But they’re certainly much more effective at preventing STIs.”

    If a heterosexual couple uses a condom the correct way every single time they engage in intercourse, Dr. Bhuyan says the condom will be 98% effective at preventing pregnancy. Most couples don’t use them every time, however, or they don’t use them correctly.

    “Someone might take the condom off in the middle, and, of course, we know that condoms can also break,” she says. “So, the real life statistic for condom effectiveness is that they’re actually 85% effective at preventing pregnancies.”

    That being said, when it comes to preventing STIs, like chlamydia and gonorrhea, condoms are actually 98% effective. However, they aren’t as great for infections transmitted through skin to skin contact, like herpes or genital warts. “While condoms can reduce the risk of contracting those infections, they can’t eliminate it entirely,” Dr. Bhuyan says. “Condoms can reduce the risk of herpes from male to female by 96% and from female to male to 65%.” That means it’s necessary to know your partner’s sexual history and to get tested regularly in order to avoid contracting an infection.

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