Early Signs You Might Be Pregnant
The early signs of pregnancy before a missed period can actually start to appear that very first week after conception. Although they might be there, they are easy to miss if you don’t know what to look for. If you pay attention to your body during the week before your period is supposed to start, you just might get the tell that you need to give you the reassurance you’re looking for.
Can you find out that you are pregnant even before you miss your period? You just might. If you’re trying to get pregnant, these are the early signs of pregnancy to look for before you miss your period.
How Reliable Are The Symptoms
Pregnancy symptoms vary for everyone. They also are easy to confuse with PMS. Thats why its impossible to tell whether youre pregnant on symptoms alone.
Your best bet is to take a home pregnancy test or see a doctor if you suspect youre pregnant and have already missed your period.
Home pregnancy tests are fairly reliable. But you may occasionally get a false-positive test. This can occur for a number of reasons, including having a chemical or ectopic pregnancy, or even taking certain medications.
Follow a positive home pregnancy test with a doctors visit for a urine or blood test to confirm the pregnancy.
How Big Is A Pregnant Belly At 1 2 And 3 Weeks
Every person and every pregnancy is different, so you could start to show earlier or later than others. Itâs safe to say that you wonât see any difference in your pregnant bellyâs size at 1, 2, or 3 weeks. Remember that youâre not actually pregnant during those first two weeks and itâs still early during the third week.
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How Far Along Are You
Knowing how far along you are in pregnancy is helpful for both you and your healthcare provider. Your provider will use this information to check on your babyâs growth and development, keep an eye on your health, and schedule tests and exams.
The weeks of pregnancy can be grouped into three trimesters:
First trimester: 1 to 13 weeks
Second trimester: 14 to 27 weeks
Third trimester: 28 to 40-42 weeks .
Check out the illustration below to see how far along you are in your pregnancy:
What Can Be The Other Causes For A Delayed Period
Your period could be delayed due to many reasons other than pregnancy. They could be hormonal changes, excessive weight gain or weight loss, eating disorders , stress, polycystic ovary syndrome, travel, thyroid, birth control pills, or drug use .
So, it is possible to miss your period and not be pregnant.
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Morning Sickness Or Nausea
That telltale, queasy feeling known as morning sickness can hit you at any time of day and it typically begins when you’re about 6 weeks pregnant, though it can vary and strike even earlier. For most women, nausea starts by week 9.
Hormones, mainly increased levels of progesterone , can cause the stomach to empty more slowly, resulting in this early pregnancy symptom resembling seasickness.
What Are The Signs Of Pregnancy
For a lot of people, the first sign of pregnancy is a missed period. Most pregnancy tests will be positive by the time youve missed your period. Other early pregnancy symptoms include feeling tired, feeling bloated, peeing more than usual, mood swings, nausea, and tender or swollen breasts. Not everyone has all of these symptoms, but its common to have at least 1 of them.
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Other Causes Of Pregnancy Symptoms
In very early pregnancy, symptoms are usually mild. Due to this, it is easy to mistake pregnancy symptoms for normal aches and pains.
Hormonal shifts that happen as a womans period approaches may cause symptoms that also appear in pregnancy for example, breast tenderness and swelling. Some women with PMS can experience these symptoms ahead of every period.
In some cases, a woman may still experience the symptoms of early pregnancy despite not being pregnant. Possible reasons for this include:
What To Do When Your Period Is Late
If your period is more than a week late and you got a negative pregnancy test, you may want to check in with your health care provider to be safe.
If your practitioner rules out any other possible concerns, it’s fine to sit back and go with the flow . Every woman skips a period now and then, especially if she’s under stress or has been sick. Relax and do what you can to ease anxiety by eating right, getting enough sleep and exercising.
From the What to Expect editorial team and Heidi Murkoff, author of What to Expect When You’re Expecting. What to Expect follows strict reporting guidelines and uses only credible sources, such as peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions and highly respected health organizations. Learn how we keep our content accurate and up-to-date by reading our medical review and editorial policy.
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How Early Do Pregnancy Symptoms Start
Again, a missed period is really the biggest tip-off that you might be pregnant. Still, you can get other symptoms earlier than that, and before you can even take a pregnancy test to confirm the big news. Its all due toyephormones.
Human chorionic gonadotropin, or HCG, is the hormone tested by a pregnancy test, and which contributes to the secretion of progesterone, the main hormone responsible for most pregnancy symptoms, explains Jonathan Schaffir, MD, an ob-gyn at The Ohio State Wexner Medical Center. HCG starts entering your bloodstream about seven to 10 days after you conceive, but it doesnt reach levels that would show up on a pregnancy test until a couple of days before a period would be missed, he says.
Still, the levels of HCG are pretty low at this point, although not so low that a test wont pick it up. The tests are very sensitive, Dr. Greves says. At the same time, Dr. Schaffir says, its unlikely that youd have extreme symptoms. But some women are more sensitive to changes in their bodies than others, or may experience certain symptoms like implantation bleeding or cramps five to six days after they become pregnant, says womens health expert Jennifer Wider, MD.
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Changes In The Breasts
Breast changes are among the most common early signs of pregnancy. Because our hormones change rapidly after conception, this will cause breasts to feel full and become sore, swollen, tingly, and tender not long afterward. In addition to this symptom of pregnancy before period, your areolas, which is the area around the nipple, may get darker. Little bumps may appear on the areolas as well, signifying the glands that will lubricate your nipples for nursing. Many factors play into breast changes, but know that if these changes are caused by early pregnancy, it will take some time to adjust to the changes in your hormone levels.
What To Do After Spotting Early Pregnancy Signs
How long after I notice early pregnancy symptoms can I take a pregnancy test?
Well, its not as long as you might think
Most mamas-to-be get their positive result on a home pregnancy test two weeks after their ovulation date.
This is because HPTs measure levels of human chorionic gonadotropin, which only shows in urine from around 6 to 12 days after fertilization, and gets high enough to detect easily after a missed period.
If you cant wait until then, some home HPTs promise 60% to 75% accuracy 4 to 5 days before your period.
During a missed period, it becomes 90% another week and its 99%.
Its comforting for some TTC couples to know that false negatives are more common than false positives.
So a negative test doesnt necessarily mean youre not pregnant.
You can always try again with a new test a few days later, and see if the results have changed.
We Know You’re Wondering: Is It Possible To Be Pregnant And Still Have A Period
Nope, experts say. Some people may experience bleeding or spotting, but those are different bleeding patterns from the cyclical menses your body experiences in absence of a pregnancy.
Dr. Michele Hakakha, an OB-GYN and author of Expecting 411: Clear Answers and Smart Advice for Your Pregnancy, told Parents that people definitely can experience vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, but that “when they bleed, they are not having a ‘period.'” That’s because your body needs to reserve the uterine lining as nourishment for the growing pregnancy.
Although bleeding during pregnancy doesn’t always mean cause for concern, it can indicate something more serious like a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, according to the Mayo Clinic.
The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.
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Second Trimester Pregnancy Symptoms
Most of the first trimester continues to the second trimester may up and down which varies from woman to woman. The Symptoms like nausea and vomiting start going away.
- Your abdomen expands further as the baby grows
- You will start feeling baby movement at the end of the second trimester
- The color of your nipples begins to darken from pinkish to black and enlarge.
- Backache, Bodyache, thigh pain, and groin pain are very common in the second trimester
- Stretch marks on the abdomen, Back, or Thighs
- Darkening of the skin around the nipples
- Swelling of face, fingers, and ankles
- A dark line on the skin from the umbilical area or belly button to the pubic hairline
- Melasma patches of darker skin around lips, nose, face, cheeks, or forehead
- Numb hand or tingling sensation in hands
Changes In Bathroom And Stomach Habits
In addition to nausea and vomiting, you may experience other stomach problems when you first become pregnantlike constipation, frequent urination and bloating, to name a few.
Constipation is normally characterized by fewer than three bowel movements a week, hard stool, dry stool or stool that is difficult to pass. The progesterone that starts to form from the placenta slows the bowels down, says Brown. Constipation can occur early on in pregnancy, but can come back during the third trimester, too.
Frequent urination is common. Symptoms can start even earlier than your missed period, since the fertilized egg implants itself into the uterus and begins making the pregnancy hormone hCG, prompting you to run to the bathroom more often.
Bloating can happen early on in pregnancy, and may continue throughout your nine months. The progesterone hormone causes your muscle tissues to relax, slowing down digestion. That, in addition to an expanding uterus, can put pressure on your rectum and cause it to feel heavy.
Heres how to keep your stomach happy during pregnancy:
- Aim to get at least 25 grams of fiber a day from foods like leafy greens and whole grains.
- Talk to your OBGYN about any iron supplements youre taking.
- Discuss with your OBGYN whether you need to try over-the-counter medications.
- When you feel the urge, do not hold in bowel movements.
- Take it easy on foods that may upset your stomach, like beans, cabbage and fried items.
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When Is The Earliest I Can Find Out I’m Pregnant
But what does that really mean? It doesn’t mean that you got pregnant 4 weeks ago. During the first two weeks of your 40 week gestation, you are actually not pregnant at all. We calculate the beginning of your pregnancy as the first day of your last period. Wild, I know, but that’s the way it is. So, when you miss your period, typically you ovulated about two weeks ago and became officially pregnant somewhere around 10-12 days ago.
Amazing, right? And I’d bet that you want to know exactly when that happens, right? The truth is, you can know that you are pregnant before you’ve missed your period.
Early Signs Youre Pregnant Before A Missed Period
Early pregnancy symptoms can overlap with common body changes, such as PMS. Heres how to tell the difference.
Your menstrual cycle is your bodys monthly preparation for pregnancy if you get pregnant, the lining in your uterus has a job to do and you wont experience any typical menstrual bleeding. But while a missed period is many peoples first signal that theyre pregnant, it often isnt the first clue your body gives you.
In the first weeks of pregnancy , the body starts producing a lot of hormones that can affect you physically and mentally. In addition to amping up its regular production of progesterone and estrogen, your body starts producing new ones, including human placental lactogen and human chorionic gonadotropin .
While your body is in hormonal overdrive during early pregnancy, you may feel some side effects. But if hormones are to blame, how do you tell if its PMS, ovulation symptoms or something else completely? Below, we outline some signals you might notice from your body during early pregnancy, before you even take a pregnancy test.
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When Should I Take A Pregnancy Test
For the most accurate results, it is best to wait two weeks after ovulation to take an at-home pregnancy test, even though you may feel early signs of pregnancy before your missed period. Home pregnancy tests measure hCG . You can use an at-home test when the test can measure the hCG in your urine, which is usually not high enough to show up on a test until you are expecting your period. False negatives are common with at-home pregnancy tests, so check with your healthcare provider if your period still has yet to arrive. A blood test will be administered to confirm pregnancy results.
How To Know You’re Pregnant For Sure
Of course, if you really want to know if you are pregnant without a shadow of a doubt, there are a number of ways to find that out. The first thing that you will do in order to be certain that you’re pregnant is take home pregnancy test. Because false negatives are common with home urine tests, if you have a negative result and still believe that you might be pregnant, wait three days to allow for your HCG levels to increase and then take another test.
If you are continuing to get negative home pregnancy tests and you have missed your period, it might be time to contact your doctor. Express your thoughts and concerns to your doctor and request that they run a blood HCG test to be certain of what your HCG levels are. Depending on what your first HCG level is, your doctor may order a repeat level 48 72 hours later to see if the numbers are going up.
Last but certainly not least, to confirm your pregnancy, your doctor may offer an ultrasound. Funny thing is, in early pregnancy, an ultrasound does not give 100% clarity either. If you have an ultrasound too early, you may see nothing at all, you may see just a sack with no embryo, or you may see an embryo but no beating heart. None of those things mean that you aren’t pregnant. They don’t even necessarily mean that you don’t have a viable pregnancy.
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Food Cravings Aversions And Sensitivity To Smells
Pregnancy hormones play a major role in making you crave your favourite food and may also cause an aversion to certain smells. Sudden and heightened sensitivity to smells, pungent tastes, and food aversions, occur during the initial weeks after conception and may or may not last through the entire pregnancy. Some mothers-to-be even lose their appetite before they miss their periods.
Can You Feel Pregnant Before You Miss Your Period
Yes, you can feel pregnant before you miss your period. Some people say theyve felt pregnancy symptoms within a week of conception .
Could I have the symptoms of early pregnancy and not be pregnant?
Many of the symptoms of early pregnancy overlap with other medical conditions, as well as your typical menstrual cycle. Premenstrual symptoms can be very similar to pregnancy symptoms. This can make it difficult to tell the difference. You can also miss a period and not be pregnant. This can happen when you lose or gain a lot of weight or are stressed. Breastfeeding can also cause your period to stop.
The best way to know youre pregnant is to take a pregnancy test. Pregnancy tests are available at your local pharmacy or grocery store without a prescription.
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Are These Symptoms Reliable Enough To Confirm Pregnancy
The symptoms we mentioned above are only possible indicators and not definitive signs that confirm a pregnancy. So even if you experience one or more of these symptoms, it may not always necessarily mean that you are pregnant. They are only the indicators of a possible pregnancy. Your pregnancy can be confirmed when a pregnancy test shows a positive result.
Tingling And Numbness In Your Hands
Carpal tunnel syndrome tingling and numbness in your hands affects up to 60 per cent of women during pregnancy. It is caused by compression of the median nerve due to an increase in the tissue fluids during pregnancy.
Carpal tunnel syndrome may be mild, intermittently painful, or severe, which may cause partial paralysis of the thumb or loss of sensation. Symptoms usually resolve on their own soon after birth.
If you are experiencing tingling and numbness in your hands, inform your doctor or midwife. In very severe cases, your doctor may recommend corticosteroid injections or surgical treatment.
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