Things You Should Do Now
- See your doctor to discuss pregnancy if you have any long-standing medical condition or take any regular medication. Even if you do not, it may be worth visiting your doctor or practice nurse to check your cervical smear is up to date and to have a blood test to check to see if you are immune to rubella . Your doctor or nurse will advise if any other tests are needed.
- If you have diabetes or are on medication for epilepsy see a doctor sooner rather than later; continue contraception until any plans to control your medical condition are in place.
- Take folic acid tablets before you become pregnant and until 12 weeks of pregnancy.
- Eat a healthy diet.
Medications For Inducing Ovulation
A Guide for Patients;
Some women may have difficulty getting pregnant because their ovaries do not release eggs. Fertility specialists may use medications that work on ovulation to help these women get pregnant. There are two common ways these medicines are used: 1) to cause ovulation in a woman who does not ovulate regularly, and 2) to cause multiple eggs to develop and be released at one time.
About 25% of infertile women have problems with ovulation. These women may ovulate less often or not at all . Ovulation inducation medications can help a woman to ovulate more regularly, increasing her chance of getting pregnant. These medicines, sometimes called fertility drugs, may also improve the lining of the womb or uterus .
In some situations, these medicines may be used to cause multiple eggs to develop at once. This is usually desired when women undergo treatment known as superovulation with intrauterine insemination , in vitro fertilization , donate their eggs, or freeze their eggs .
This booklet explains the basics of normal ovulation and the diagnosis and treatment of ovulatory problems. The specific uses for several types of ovulation medicines are outlined, along with the intended results and possible side effects of each drug.
Normal Reproductive Anatomy
THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE
The menstrual cycle is divided into three phases: the follicular phase, the ovulatory phase, and the luteal phase .
The Follicular Phase
The Ovulatory Phase
The Luteal Phase
What Painkillers Are Safe To Take During Pregnancy
If you follow the dosage from the bottle`s instructions, you should be fine. Other painkiller types may lead to a decrease in the levels of amniotic liquid, which automatically means more pressure on the umbilical cord and less cushioning for your baby. These medications might make a particular vessel in the heart of the baby close prematurely and lead to various developmental problems in later pregnancy stages.
Ibuprofen is an anti-inflammation drug that is frequently used for treating arthritis, fever, headache or muscle pains. The commercial names of this drug are Advil, Rupan, Nurofen and Paduden. Two studies have shown an increased risk of miscarriage due to its usage during the first trimester of pregnancy. Even so, other studies didn`t prove anything harmful from using this medication while pregnant. Also, there are researches that showed that its administration during pregnancy may prevent fetal implantation.
The administration of ibuprofen in the third trimester might inhibit labor or a decrease in the amniotic fluid. It`s, therefore, recommended for this drug to be administrated in the last trimester of pregnancy only after the doctor`s approval. Many specialists have included this medication in a group of medications allowed during breastfeeding. The drug reaches the breast milk in a very low amount. Visit here!
Recommended Reading: What Should I Take If I M Trying To Get Pregnant
Is It Ok To Take Drugs Against Cold While Pregnant
Specific drugs are ok to be taken while pregnant, but only with prescription and your doctor`s approval, while other ones are completely forbidden. The medications that should be avoided entirely are antivirals . Pseudoephedrine isn`t recommended during the first trimester of pregnancy!
Flu vaccination is recommended while pregnant after the week 14 of pregnancy. According to the latest studies, schizophrenia in children who mothers got flu during the first 3 months of pregnancy quite frequent. Later, after the third month of pregnancy, the illness may lead to premature birth. In order to avoid possible complications during pregnancy, experts recommend expecting mothers to vaccinate themselves just in case before trying to become pregnant.
Should I Call The Doctor About A Cold Or Cough
It is important to call your doctor if your symptoms are causing you to stop eating or sleeping, or if they last for more than a couple of days without improving. It is also important to consult your physician if you develop a fever that is 102° Fahrenheit or greater.Lastly, if you begin to cough up discolored mucus or if your cough is accompanied by chest pain and/or wheezing, make sure to call your doctor. They may need to prescribe an antibiotic to kill the infection.
You May Like: How Would Know If You Are Pregnant
Ibuprofen And Male Fertility
NSAIDs may cause male fertility problems also. In a small clinical trial, 31 men were exposed to prolonged, high doses of ibuprofen. This was intended to replicate how male athletes may take the drug. The study extended over six weeks and involved taking 600 mg of ibuprofen, twice daily.
After just 14 days of ibuprofen use, some of the men taking ibuprofen developed an induced state of compensated hypogonadism. This is when the ratio of testosterone to LH hormone is not normal. This could theoretically lead to lower sperm count. This particular study, however, did not conduct sperm count testing.
So, should men who are trying to conceive with their partners take ibuprofen? I think taking an occasional Advil is fine, says urologist and male fertility specialist James M. Hotaling, MD, MD, FECSM, of Reproductive Medicine Associates of New Jersey. The effect was only seen after a prolonged exposure. More work is needed before we can make firm conclusions.
How much is too much ibuprofen? I think they should become concerned if they are taking high doses of ibuprofen or Tylenol for a long period of time, for over two weeks, says Hotaling.
Still, not all pain relievers are off the hook, especially prescription narcotics. Men should not take narcotics while trying to conceive as this can alter the male hormone axis and cause problems with sperm, Hotaling says.
Take Vitamins And Folic Acid
Take a vitamin and mineral supplement that includes at least 0.4 milligrams of folic acid.
- Folic acid reduces the risk of birth defects, especially problems with the baby’s spine.
- Start taking a vitamin with folic acid before you want to get pregnant.
- Avoid high doses of any vitamin, especially vitamins A, D, E, and K. These vitamins can cause birth defects if you take more than the normal recommended daily amounts. Regular pregnancy prenatal vitamins do not have excessively high doses of any vitamin.
Medications You Should Definitely Avoid During Pregnancy:
Make sure to avoid the following:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors: These are prescribed for hypertension or congestive heart failure, and can cause miscarriage or birth defects.
- Pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine , especially if taken during the first trimester, may cause stomach defects or affect blood flow to the placenta though some doctors will recommend in limited amounts in the second and third trimesters. Also avoid cough and cold meds that contain alcohol or NSAIDs.
- Isotretinoin : This medication for cystic acne raises the risk of miscarriage and physical and mental defects in babies.
- Methotrexate: Used to treat psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis, methotrexate increases the risk of miscarriage and birth defects.
- Valproic acid: Used for epilepsy, bipolar disorder and sometimes migraines, valproic acid can cause major birth defects, such as a heart defect, and behavior and learning problems. Check with your practitioner if valproic acid can be changed to another medication prior to pregnancy.
How Much Does Fertility Treatment With Cabergoline Cost
This drug is likely covered by most insurance plans, so check with your doctor. Average prices for cabergoline are about $177 for eight doses but can run as high as $230 to $240.
From the What to Expect editorial team and;Heidi Murkoff,;author of;What to Expect When You’re Expecting. What to Expect follows strict reporting guidelines and uses only credible sources, such as peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions and highly respected health organizations. Learn how we keep our content accurate and up-to-date by reading our;medical review and editorial policy.
Don’t Miss: Can You Get Pregnant 8 Days After Your Period
How To Safely Take Your Medicine During Pregnancy
You’ve heard it before, but it bears repeating: Never take any medication, supplement or herbal remedy without checking with your health care provider first. A few more tips to keep in mind:
If you have questions about how or when to take a medication, always talk to your practitioner first.
Figuring out what’s safe and what’s not safe to take during pregnancy can be difficult. Fortunately, you don’t have to go it alone.
Will You Conceive Twins If Youre Breast
In 2006, a study was published in the Journal of Reproductive Medicine that found that women who were breast-feeding and got pregnant were more likely to conceive twins. But there arent additional studies to support this information. For this reason, breast-feeding isnt considered to be a factor that increases your likelihood to conceive twins.
Recommended Reading: What To Know At 6 Weeks Pregnant
Is It Ok To Take Antibiotics While Pregnant
This question needs a relative answer: it depends! There are antibiotics on the market which can be taken during pregnancy, antibiotics that may affect the development of the fetus and others that are somewhere in between. Still, most antibiotics pass the placental barrier and reach the fetal circulation, interfering with the normal development and causing abnormalities.
Penicillins are in the category of antibiotics that are less toxic and are used to treat a large range of infections. Cephalosporins are quite good, but they need to be taken with caution. Aminoglycosides may lead to deafness, toxic effects in the kidneys and affect the balance. Tetracyclines aren`t allowed while pregnant, especially when talking about the second or third trimester of pregnancy, because once they reach the fetal blood, they accumulate in bones and teeth, and are toxic for the liver. Chloramphenicol in newborns may cause gray syndrome, which manifests itself by diarrhea, dehydration, vomiting or bruised skin.
Amoxicillin is frequently used while pregnant. Research has discovered no relation between this drug and a poor outcome of pregnancy. It`s essential for bacterial infections during pregnancy to be treated as early as possible and used antibiotics that will offer results. If such an infection remains untreated, it may lead to serious harm to both the mother and her child. A treatment that includes amoxicillin might be the safest option for you or your future baby.
Skin Or Hair Products To Avoid
Generally, you should avoid products containing phthalates and parabens as they might interfere with fertility . Phthalates are used to make plastics flexible and can be found in a wide array of items. Avoid storing foods in plastic containers and opt for glass instead.
If you have been trying to conceive without success, it might pay to play it safe for a while. Certain everyday items such as perfumes, toothpaste, and lotions might also contain PFCs that could affect fertility .
Also Check: What Can I Not Eat While Pregnant
How Does Medicine Affect My Fertility
While some medications are safe before or during pregnancy, others might affect your chances of getting pregnant. To begin with, certain medications can affect your ovulation or uterine receptivity. If you are on any prescription drugs, the best option is to talk to your doctor so they can advise you on what to do.
Your healthcare provider will assess whether your medications or even supplements will interfere with conception. They could offer different ways of managing chronic health conditions during this time in case your medicine could interfere. They may also offer safe alternatives.
Lets look at the different types of medications you might be taking and any known pregnancy risks associated with them.
How Much Does Fertility Treatment With Clomid Cost
Clomid itself is relatively inexpensive, at least as infertility treatments go. But without insurance, you may have to pay about $100 a month for the pills.
Be aware that other medical costs will also factor into the full price per cycle depending on your doctor and your region, the treatment could cost anywhere from $500 to $2,000 per month.
Some insurance plans will cover all aspects of infertility treatments , while other insurance plans dont. Youll want to call your insurance company to find out if Clomid is covered by your plan.
You May Like: Is It Normal To Have Slight Cramping In Early Pregnancy
Drugs Used With Caution
These medications are to be used only with the doctor`s prescription, within the doses and intervals prescribed, and when the doctor decides that the benefits of the mother and her child are greater than any possible risks:
- Acyclovir .
- Tranquilizers might lead to tremors, which may continue for several months after birth.
- Live vaccines: against epidemic epidemics, measles or rubella.
- Medicinal plants which may produced birth defects: the wolf`s apple, basil , fern , catpalan or the lamb`s tongue .
How To Take Iron Pills Correctly
Iron is an important mineral that helps maintain healthy blood. A lack of iron is called iron-deficiency anemia, which affects about 4-5 million Americans yearly. It is the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide, causing extreme fatigue and lightheadedness. It affects all ages, with children, women who are pregnant or menstruating, and people receiving kidney dialysis among those at highest risk for this condition.
Iron is a major component of hemoglobin, a type of protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from your lungs to all parts of the body. Without enough iron, there arenât enough red blood cells to transport oxygen, which leads to fatigue. Iron is also part of myoglobin, a protein that carries and stores oxygen specifically in muscle tissues. Iron is important for healthy brain development and growth in children, and for the normal production and function of various cells and hormones.
Iron from food comes in two forms: heme and non-heme. Heme is found only in animal flesh like meat, poultry, and seafood. Non-heme iron is found in plant foods like whole grains, nuts, seeds, legumes, and leafy greens. Non-heme iron is also found in animal flesh and fortified foods.
Iron is stored in the body as ferritin and is delivered throughout the body by transferrin . A doctor may sometimes check blood levels of these two components if anemia is suspected.
What about iron supplements?
Recommended Reading: Can You Donate Plasma When Pregnant
Safe Medication When Trying To Conceive
Excited about getting pregnant? You probably know that things like excessive weight or fibroids could impact your ability to conceive.
What you might not know is that some prescription and over-the-counter medications could also be a hindrance. Your menstrual cycle is highly controlled by the interaction between three entities, which are the brain, uterus, and ovaries .
Any health problems you have and medications you take might interfere with this interaction and lower your fertility. Read on to find out more about safe and unsafe medications if you are trying to conceive.
When Should I Have My Next Baby
A recent study showed that mothers should wait for 12 to 18 months after giving birth before getting pregnant again. This is because shorter gaps between pregnancies raise the risk of premature birth and smaller babies. This increase applies to women of all ages, but the risk is highest among women aged 20-34.
For women over the age of 35, becoming pregnant less than 12 months after giving birth also increases the chance of serious complications for the mother. For women under 35, having babies close together does not increase the risks to their health.
You May Like: How Much For Dna Test While Pregnant
Otc Drugs And The Two
Read the warning label on almost every over-the-counter medication, and it will say something like, If youre pregnant or breastfeeding, talk to your doctor. This is partially a legal issue , but also because we dont know for sure what the impact of every medication will be on a fetus.
Medications are substances that have not been present in the environment during our evolution, explains Doody. It is extremely unlikely that any medication will have any direct benefit to the fetus as it develops. On the other hand, molecules that cross the placenta at significant concentrations may have some unintended effect.
It is true that these commonly used OTC drugs are unlikely to have an immediately recognizable impact , Doody continues.
It is impossible to adequately study the subtle impacts that these substances may cause.;An example of this is the controversy that now surrounds Tylenol use during pregnancy. Speech delay is subtle. NSAID type drugs also appear to affect the testicles of male fetuses, says Doody.
How does that apply during the two-week wait? Technically, after ovulation, if the egg is fertilized, youre already in week three;or four of your pregnancy. Should you act like youre pregnant during the two-week wait? Dr. Doody says yes. The embryo is likely vulnerable during this time.
It can be dangerous to discontinue some medications suddenly, and it may be better for you to continueeven if youre trying to conceive or are pregnant.